Zilina (Slovakia) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Zilina with a description, guides and cards.
City of Zilina (Slovakia)
Zilina is one of the most beautiful cities in Slovakia, which “breathes” the story. Located in the northwest of the country and is the capital of the same name. Zilina is on the list of the largest Slovak cities and has a magnificent historical center with significant influence of German architecture. Her heart is seven hundred years old Mariana Square, around which is located several ancient monuments. Zilina – one of the most dynamic the developing cities of Slovakia and a large industrial center which is considered to be its unofficial capital northwest.
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Geography and climate
Zilina is located in the north-west of Slovakia at the confluence three rivers: Vah, Kisutsy and Raichanka. Average height above sea level – 342 meters. The city is surrounded by mountain ranges and has temperate continental climate with warm summers and cool (usually pretty snowy) in winter.
Zilina – an important transportation hub connecting Vienna and Bratislava with Krakow and Warsaw, as well as Kosice with Ostrava and Prague.
Panorama of Zilina
- The population is over 82 thousand people.
- The area is 80.03 km2.
- The language is Slovak.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European (UTC +1, summer +2).
- The nearest international airport is located in Bratislava. Also Zilina is connected by rail with the capital of Slovakia, Prague, Warsaw and Moscow.
- Typical dishes are bryndzové halušky and strapačky.
Slavs settled in the vicinity of Zilina in the 5th century. Settlement same on the site of the modern city was founded in the 11th century. Zilina It was first mentioned only in 1297 and in 1327 received city rights. In the second half of the 10th century, the city became part of of the Hungarian kingdom and remained part of Hungary until 1918. AT the end of the 13th century илиilina burns in a big fire. In the future, the city was rebuilt by Saxon colonists, therefore it has significant influence of German architecture. In 1431, илиilina was burned Hussites
15th century – the heyday of Zilina as a major trade and craft center. In the 16th and 17th centuries the city is the center Hungarian Reformation. The 18th century was dramatic for Zilina. The city suffers from severe fires and epidemics. In the 19th century it prosperity and prosperity associated with industrialization. Today Zilina is one of the largest cities in Slovakia, a large industrial, educational and cultural center.
Zilina’s old town is very compact and rather pretty retaining its historic atmosphere and charm. His heart is the ancient Mariana Square.
Mariana Square (formerly Market, Round and Square) Franz Joseph) is the historical core of Zilina, surrounded by old houses with arcades in the style of German architecture. The square was founded 700 years ago. The first mention of the market here date back to 1464 year. Initially the square was surrounded predominantly wooden houses that were replaced by stone after the fire in 1521. In the center is a baroque statue of the Virgin Mary of the 18th century.
Church of sv. Trinity
Church of sv. Trinity – the ancient cathedral, which is one of the symbols of ilina. It was built in the 14th century on the foundation of a medieval castle. In the 16th century, the original the gothic church was rebuilt and got the features of architecture renaissance. The main altar dates from the late 17th century.
The tower of Burian is a separate bell tower of the cathedral. Cathedral, which is one of the oldest renaissance belfries in Slovakia. It was built on the model of the Italian Campanils in the 16th century. and rebuilt in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Town Hall – a historic building, first mentioned at the beginning of 16 century. This house (with original Gothic cellars) was reconstructed many times – from the original Gothic and era Renaissance in the current state in the 19th century.
Church of the Saints apostles peter and paul
The Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul – a Jesuit church in Baroque style, built in the 18th century on the site of the five original renaissance houses.
Rosenfeld Palace – a miniature model of the Vienna Belvedere and one of the most beautiful buildings in Zilina in the Art Nouveau style. Dated beginning of the 20th century and is a national cultural monument.
Church of sv. Barbarians
Church of sv. Barbarians – Franciscan Church, built in the first half of the 18th century, which is the first baroque sacral construction in Zilina.
Budatinsky castle – a magnificent monument of history in the vicinity Zilina. The beginning of the construction of the stone castle dates back to the second half of the 13th century. Its largest and oldest part is bulky four-story cylindrical romance tower with elements of the early Gothic architecture, which was later rebuilt in the Renaissance style. Modern construction stands on place of the original water castle that guarded the trade route to Silesia.