Zaragoza (Spain) – detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Zaragoza with descriptions, guides and cards.
Zaragoza City (Spain)
Zaragoza – a city in the north-east of Spain, the capital of the region Aragon and the province of the same name. Located on the Ebro River in the center wide valley. Zaragoza is a treasure trove of historical and cultural jewels that are really worth seeing: ancient Roman ruins, magnificent old churches, beautiful Mudejar palaces and museums with masterpieces of Francisco Goya, Serrano and Pablo Gargallo.
Zaragoza is a charming warm city, conveniently located between Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao, Valencia and Toulouse. Is an one of the largest cities in Spain in terms of population and economy. Zaragoza attracts with its rich culture, shops, delicious food and ancient landmarks. This is a city with a 2000 year history, which keeps one of the greatest historical and artistic heritage on the Iberian Peninsula.
- Geography and climate
- Best time to visit
- Practical information
- How to get there
- Shopping and shopping
- Food and drink
- Maps and guides
- Comments and reviews
Geography and climate
Zaragoza is located in the middle of the Ebro about 300 km from the capital of Spain is Madrid. The rivers also flow through the city. and gallego. The average height above sea level is about 200 m. Zaragoza has a cold semi-arid climate. Winters are pretty here cool with frequent light frosts. Summer is dry and hot. For the year there is very little rainfall – about 400 mm, most which falls in April-May and October-November.
Panorama of Zaragoza
Best time to visit
The most comfortable period is April-June and September October.
- The population is 665 thousand people (the fifth city of Spain).
- Area – 973.78 square kilometers.
- The language is Spanish.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
- Addresses of tourist information centers: Calle Eduardo Ibarra, 3; Glorieta de Pío XII; Plaza Nuestra Señora del Pilar; Av. Navarra.
Zaragoza was founded by the Romans, who called the settlement Colonia caesaraugusta. The name means “emperor colony Augusta “. At first, veterans of the Cantabrian wars settled here. Zaragoza soon became the most important urban center of the middle valley. Ebro. In 380, there was a universal Christian synod.
At the beginning of the 8th century, the Arabs conquered Zaragoza. From now on the city was part of the Caliphate of Cordoba and was an important Moorish stronghold in the fight against the Spanish kings. After the collapse of the Cordoba Caliphate Zaragoza became the center of an independent Moorish state. In 1118 the city was conquered by the king of Aragon and Navarre and became capital of the kingdom.
In the 15th century, after the unification of Spain, Zaragoza lost its value, while remaining one of the most important and major cities of the northeast. During the Napoleonic Wars the city famous for his heroic defense against the French. In 20th century Zaragoza’s economy began to grow rapidly thanks to industrialization.
How to get there
Zaragoza Airport is located 10 km from the city center. In 2008 year was built a new terminal. Arriving at this air port airplanes from Alicante, Brussels, London, Rome, Paris, Frankfurt and other cities in Spain and Europe. Getting from the airport to the city You can by bus, train and taxi.
High-speed trains from Barcelona regularly go to Zaragoza and madrid. Regular trains connect the city with Bilbao and Valencia. There is a regular bus service to major cities. northeastern and central Spain.
Streets of Zaragoza
Shopping and shopping
Zaragoza is a great city for shopping. On the main streets There are many variety of shops. Main the shopping area extends from Residencial Paraiso to the square Spain Souvenirs can be bought in the Plaza San Brun area. Behind football stadium is the largest market of the city.
Food and drink
Zaragoza is famous for its gastronomy and tapas. Here are some Typical Aragonese dishes:
- Bacalao al Ajoarriero – cod with garlic and eggs.
- Huevos al Salmorejo – eggs with tomato cream.
- Longanizas y Chorizos – a local type of sausage.
- Ternasco Asado – Roasted Lamb.
- Pollo al Chilindrón – chicken in a sauce with tomatoes, onions and paprika.
- Cordero a la Pastora – lamb dish.
- Migas a la Aragonesa – dish with egg and spicy pork sausage (chorizo).
- Borrajas is a local vegetable with olive oil.
- Melocotón con vino – peaches in wine.
Night on the streets Zaragoza
Zaragoza has a whole scattering of striking attractions and cultural monuments.
Basilica de Nuestra Señora del Pilar
Basilica de Nuestra Señora del Pilar – a grand cathedral and The most famous landmark of Zaragoza. This pearl Baroque was built from the 17th to the 18th century on the banks of the river Erbo The church is located on the Plaza del Pilar – spacious city square surrounded by historic buildings.
The Basilica is considered the first church dedicated to the Virgin Mary, and is one of the most important pilgrimage centers in Spain. By legend, the apostle James built here a small chapel dedicated to Virgin Mary, which became the first in the Christian world. On this spot later other churches were built which in the 17th century replaced by an impressive baroque building.
The interior of the Basilica de Nuestra Señora del Pilar is impressive and contains the most valuable works of art. Inside the chapel Santa Capilla, the work of the great Venturo Rodriguez, is an image Virgin Mary del Pilar. Of particular interest are alabaster. altar and frescoes by Francisco Goya.
La Seo Cathedral
The Cathedral of San Salvador or simply La Seo is a grand church, built on the site of the Roman Forum. In the period when Zaragoza belonged to the Moors, the mosque was located here. Tall tower was once a minaret. In the 12th century, the Muslim mosque was rebuilt in the Romanesque Cathedral. La Seo Cathedral – a huge church with five naves, two apses of which with graceful sculpted arcades have kept the original romance character. Arab influence observed in the altar and in some arches, while the choir gothic in style. Later, the church received a neoclassical facade and Baroque details on the tower.
The cathedral is a magnificent museum of tapestries. His collection considered one of the best in the world. Here are stored 63 precious Flemish tapestries and six works of heraldic embroidery very high quality, which date back to the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.
Church de san pablo
The church de San Pablo (St. Paul) is a Mudejar style masterpiece. Included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites because of its of exceptional architectural and historical value. Church was built in the 13-14 centuries to replace the small romance the chapel. Over the next centuries, the building was constantly expanded. The most remarkable feature of this architectural monument is its magnificent Mudejar octagonal tower. Inside is a remarkable altar of the 16th century in the Renaissance style. work Formento.
Church Santa Engracia
Sanya-Engracia – Renaissance style church that It was part of the monastery of Hieronymus. The building has a wonderful facade that is considered the pearl of Aragonese architecture renaissance. The church was built in the 16th century by the Morlans.
Mary’s Church Magdalene
The Church of Mary Magdalene – built at the beginning of the 14th century on the site ancient roman temple. In the 17th century, the building received baroque features. The most remarkable feature is the tower in architectural Mudejar style. The interior has an unusual apse with overlapping arches and gabled windows. The main altar is decorated with sculptures. and images of Arellano.
Church de san juan de los panhetes
Church de San Juan de los Panhetes – another gem of style mudehar The church was completed in 1725, replacing the Romanesque Church of the Order of Sts. John The main highlight of its architecture is an octagonal brick tower with arched receptions.
Alhafería – ancient fortified Moorish castle in the heart Zaragoza. The fortress was built in the 11th century in the shape of a rectangle. In architecture, there are round towers, except for one, which is rectangular and is called the Tower of Troubadour. Today at Palacio de la Alhafería is the headquarters of the Aragonese Parliament. The palace is open to the public.
Lonya is a great example of the Aragonese Renaissance, magnificent the building of the 16th century, located on the Plaza del Pilar, opposite basilica La Longya – the historical market of Zaragoza. Building, built of brick designed by Sarinen, has a rectangular layout and decorative facade with rows of uniform arched windows.
Museums of Zaragoza
The largest and most interesting museums of Zaragoza:
- The Roman Theater is one of the monuments of the Roman heritage, which dates from the 1st century.
- The Roman Museum is located on the site of archaeological excavation under the Plaza de la Seo. Contains exposure and artifacts, associated with the Roman colony of Caesaraugusta on the site of a modern Zaragoza. Here you can see the ruins of the Forum, term, elements of the old market and ancient buildings, aqueducts.
- Pablo Serrano Museum is dedicated to the works of the famous Aragonese an artist. The museum exhibits – 140 drawings and sculptures that reflect the evolution of his work.
- Aznar Museum – a wonderful museum of fine arts, which is a collection of works collected by Jose Camon Asnar. The museum occupies a beautiful aristocratic house with three floors, designed around a magnificent courtyard. The building is considered one of the best examples of architecture of the era. Revival in Zaragoza. On the first floor are paintings 15-18 centuries, among which works: Francisco Goya, Blasco de Grahenen, Pedro Berrugate, Pedro de Campagna, Juan Antonio de Escalante and Gregorio Fernandez. The second floor is dedicated to Francisco Goya and his engravings. The third floor is the work of 19th century artists, such as: Eugenio Lucas, Leonardo Alenza and Lucas Villamil.
- Zaragoza Museum – Art and Culture Expositions and the history of the province. The museum collection covers various historical and artistic periods, starting with the Moorish, continuing the medieval and Renaissance period until the 21st century. Particularly noteworthy fragments in the section archeology – the ancient bronze plates with Iberian and Latin inscriptions, bust of the emperor Augustus and antiquities from the palace of Alchaferia. In the department fine art represented works of art with 12th century to modern period.
- Pablo Gargallo Museum is dedicated to the life and work of the famous Aragon sculptor.
Maps and guides
City Map Tourist Map with Landmarks (English)