Zagreb (Croatia) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Zagreb with a description, guides and cards.
City of Zagreb (Croatia)
Zagreb is the capital of Croatia and its largest city. Located in central part of the country on the river Sava (a tributary of the Danube) near Medvednica mountain range. Zagreb is an ancient city founded about 900 years ago. It has a beautiful medieval historical center with stunning architecture and atmospheric cobbled streets, reminiscent of the streets of Vienna, Budapest and Prague.
Zagreb is divided into three parts: the ancient Upper Town (Gornji Grad), where among the old streets are the main attractions and museums; Lower Town (Donji Grad) with shops, restaurants, cafes, theaters and parks; New town – modern district built after the Second World War. Zagreb famous for a large number of museums and good restaurants with excellent Croatian and European cuisine. The city is a bit in the shadow Adriatic resorts. Nevertheless, over a year 700,000 people visit it. tourists, mainly from Austria, Italy and Germany.
- Geography and climate
- Best time to visit
- Practical information
- How to get there
- Shopping and shopping
- Food and drink
- Maps and guides
- Comments and reviews
Geography and climate
Zagreb is located in southwestern continental Croatia the edge of the Pannonian lowland on both sides of the Sava. The city is located located at the foot of the southern slopes of Medvednitsa at a height of 122 meters above sea level.
Winter in Zagreb
The climate is moderately continental. Summer is quite hot and dry. with an average temperature of about 20 degrees, the winter is cool with frequent negative temperatures.
Best time to visit
Late spring and early autumn. High season is summer.
- The population is 790 thousand people.
- The area is 641 square kilometers.
- The language is Croatian.
- Currency – Kuna.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
- The tourist information center is located at Kaptol, five.
Historically, Zagreb grew out of two neighboring settlements, Gradec and Kaptol, which now form the basis of the historical center. In fact, independently, two settlements existed until the 18th century, while did not form a single city. The first mention of Zagreb dates back to 1094, when a bishopric was established on the Kaptol hill. AT 1242 Gradec was destroyed by Batu. A little later he got status of a free royal city.
In the 17th century, a university was formed in Zagreb, which is one of the oldest in Europe. In 1776 here from Varazdin transferred to the Croatian government. In fact, Zagreb becomes the capital. In 1851, Gradec and Kaptol were finally united. At a time when Croatia belonged to the Habsburgs, the city wore The name is Agram. Zagreb was declared the capital of the independent Croatia in 1991.
How to get there
Zagreb International Airport is located 17 km southeast. from the historic center. In the capital of Croatia there are regular flights from Amsterdam, Athens, Moscow, Munich, Prague, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Rome, London, Istanbul, Vienna, Paris, Madrid, Berlin and other major cities in Europe. Pretty close airports of Ljubljana, Graz, Rijeka and Maribor. To the historical center can be reached by bus. Fare for 2018 is 30 kuna.
Zagreb’s main railway station is one of largest in Croatia and has a direct connection with Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Zurich, Munich, Ljubljana, Sarajevo.
Easy to get to Zagreb by car. Almost all Croatian highways either start or pass near its the capital. Motorways are paid. At the entrance you need to get special ticket (ticket), which, when leaving, will be calculated fee according to the distance traveled.
Zagreb has a developed public transport system, represented by trams, buses and commuter trains. There is a single zone system. Tickets can be bought in newspaper kiosks, special ticket offices or the driver. Interesting that trams operate 24 hours.
Shopping and shopping
There are many shops in Zagreb, from small local shops to large supermarket chains and famous brands. From point of view shopping capital of Croatia presents ample opportunities. Souvenirs You can buy on the street Radićeva (for example, in the GEA Gallery). In Oktogon Passage has many fashion stores.
Shopping centers Zagreb:
- Arena Centar – ULICA VICE VUKOVA 6.
- Avenue Mall – AVENIJA DUBROVNIK 16.
- Branimir Centar – ULICA KNEZA BRANIMIRA 29.
- Centar Kaptol – NOVA VES 17.
- City Center one East – SLAVONSKA AVENIJA 11D.
- City Center one West – JANKOMIR 33.
- Cvjetni Centro – TRG PETRA PRERADOVIĆA 6.
- Designer Outlet Croatia – ULICA ALFREDA NOBELA 4.
- Green Gold – RADNIČKA CESTA 52.
- Importanne Centar – TRG ANTE STARČEVIĆA 7.
- Importanne Galeria – TRG DRAGE IBLERA 10.
- Point Shopping Center – RUDEŠKA CESTA 169.
- Rotonda Centar – JURIŠIĆEVA ULICA 19.
Food and drink
Zagreb cuisine has its own characteristics. Capital of croatia offers a large selection of original street dishes that include ham, dry cottage cheese, dry beef tongue and cheese. Traditional dishes: roast turkey, mlinci (pasta with sauce with goose or duck), buncek (smoked pork tail with pickled cabbage), veal steak, češnjovke (garlic sausages) or krvavice (blood sausages), gablec, goulash (traced here the influence of Hungarian cuisine), krpice sa zeljem (pasta flakes with cabbage), prisiljeno zelje (stewed cabbage), žganci s lukom i špekom (polenta with onions and bacon).
In the center of Zagreb
In Zagreb, there are many cafes and restaurants with good traditional and European cuisine. Bars centered around Square Cvjetni trg, the main square, Preradovićeva streets, Tkalčićeva, Radićeva, Bogovićeva and Gaje.
The highlight of the capital of Croatia is a medieval Upper Town with charming cobblestone streets and old houses. Exactly here are the most interesting sights of Zagreb, most museums and cultural monuments.
The upper city was the result of the union of two neighboring (often rival) settlements Gradets and Kaptol. Kaptol in The Middle Ages was the seat of the bishop, and in Hradec lived merchants and artisans.
At the beginning of the street Radićeva are the famous stone gates, which are the eastern entrance to the old Hradec. They were built in the 13th century. Inside is the image of St. Mary, who very honored by the locals. This shrine experienced strong fire in 1731 It is recommended not to pass through the gate. make noise. Nearby is a sculpture of St. George, the killing snake (dragon).
Church of sv. Mark
Church of sv. Brand is one of the main attractions. Zagreb. It is one of the oldest buildings in the city and for the first time mentioned in the year 1334. The first church was built in the 13th century in Romanesque style. From that building, only the window to the south the wall and the base of the bell tower. Gothic arches were built in the second half of the 14th century, when the church received the most valuable part – luxurious southern portal, which is one of the most beautiful in Croatia. The portal was made in the workshop of Parler, one of the most famous medieval sculpture workshops. Northwest the wall contains the oldest known coat of arms of Zagreb since 1499. The most striking feature of the church of St. The brand is bright tile national flag style roof with the coats of arms of Croatia, Dalmatia, Slavonia and Zagreb.
One of the central squares of the old Zagreb is the square Kaptol, known for its numerous buildings of the early 17th century, the Franciscan monastery of the 13th century, the cathedral and the column with sculpture of the Virgin Mary, surrounded by four angels.
The Cathedral (Assumption) Cathedral – is the most monumental and the most impressive sacral building in the Gothic style to southeast of the Alps. Was built on the site of a more ancient church, destroyed by the Tatars. The most famous feature of the building is two beautiful gothic spiers. The current cathedral was built in the second half of the 13th century, although to date it has been changed and rebuilt several times. 1880 earthquake destroyed large areas of the cathedral, including the dome and bell tower, although reconstruction preserved the original medieval appearance. We recommend to visit the cathedral treasury, where beautiful works of religious art, clothing and relics.
Lotrschak Tower was built to guard the southern gate of the city walls of Hradec. The building dates back to the 13th century and was for a long time one of the most recognizable landmarks of Zagreb. Legend states that on this massive square romance tower sometime a bell was set that rang every evening warning about closing the gate. Residents who did not have time to return, forced were to spend the night outside the walls. The tower can be climbed.
Church of sv. Catherine
Church of sv. Catherine was built in the first half of the 17th century Jesuits and is considered one of the best churches in Zagreb. Church has a beautiful interior with many fine art samples Baroque style, as well as stucco reliefs of the Italian artist Antonio Quadrio. The facade is decorated with sculptures of saints in niches.
Church of sv. Francis
Church of sv. Francis – monumental gothic church 13 century. Located in the northwestern part of Kaptol Square. Considered one of the best Franciscan sacred buildings of Central Europe.
Maksimir – the largest park in Zagreb, decorated in English style. The park has many great places for walking and picnic, artificial lakes, flower beds. Here is the football Dynamo stadium, where national matches are held team.
Zagreb at sunset
Interesting museums of Zagreb:
- The Mimara Museum is located in a 19th century Neo-Renaissance building and includes archaeological collections from ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia, Middle East, Far East, India and South America. In addition, there are furniture from the Middle Ages and sculptures from Ancient Greece. The museum exhibits a collection of paintings, including masterpieces of Dutch artists Rembrandt and Ruisdal, Italian artists Raphael and Veronese, Flemish artists Rubens and Van Dake and Spanish artists Velasquez and Goya.
- The Art Pavilion is located in a bright style building. Art Nouveau. Here are the works of famous Croatian artist Meshtrovic.
- The Archaeological Museum of Zagreb has over 400,000 exhibits: Greek vases, Egyptian mummies and many items period of the Middle Ages.
- Modern Art Gallery – located in a magnificent Palace in the Lower Town. Includes pictures of modern Croatian artists.
- Old Masters Gallery – contains a collection of almost 600 Items: Bellini, Veronese, Tiepolo, Bartolomeo Caporali, Proudhon, Karpo, Bruegel, Van Dyck and Croatian artists Medulik and Bankovic.
Maps and guides