Wroclaw

Wroclaw (Poland) – detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Wroclaw with a description, guidebooks and cards.

Wroclaw (Poland)

Wroclaw – a city in Poland, located on the Silesian Lowland on the river Odra (it. Oder). This is one of the oldest cities in the country, “Capital” of the historic region of Silesia. Wroclaw – unique a city for Poland located on 12 islands connected by 112 bridges.

Also Wroclaw is one of the largest cities in Poland, with a population more than 600 thousand people. The climate of the city is temperate, with warm summers and pretty mild winter. Seasons are expressed quite clearly. Large The climate is affected by the Baltic Sea. Precipitation for the year more than 600 mm fall out. In winter, snow and frost are possible. Most rainy months – October, November.

  1. Story
  2. Restrictions and rules
  3. Wroclaw public transport
  4. Shopping
  5. Kitchen and food
  6. Accommodation
  7. How to get there
  8. City maps with interesting routes
  9. sights

Panorama Wroclaw Wroclaw panorama

Story

The region where Wroclaw is now was mentioned in historical Chronicles already in the 1st century AD. In 4-5 centuries settled in the region one of the vandal tribes. Slavs settled here in the 9-10 century.

According to legend, the city was founded by the Czech prince Vratislav. Polish city name Wrocław comes from its name. By the end of the 10th century, Wroclaw and all of Silesia were conquered by the Polish the prince. The date of foundation of the city is 1000, when Boleslav The brave and Holy Roman Emperor Otto III established in The city was a Roman Catholic bishopric and a castle was built and Cathedral.

The historical center of Wroclaw Historical center of wroclaw

In the Middle Ages, Wroclaw was the capital of the principality of Silesia. In 1241 Wroclaw was devastated by the Mongol-Tatars. The city was restored in 1261

Since 1335, Wroclaw was ruled by the Czech Republic, and in the 15th century under power of the Habsburgs. Others were widely used during this period. The name of the city is Breslau. In 1741 the city was attached to Prussia.

Wroclaw at night Wroclaw at night

In the 19th century, the city was an important industrial center. Wroclaw (Breslau) became the textile capital of Germany and an important railway junction.

During the Second World War, the city was ruled by the Nazis. Many suburbs and districts bearing Slavic names were renamed. In the spring of 1945, Breslau became one of the few cities that stubbornly resist the advancing Red Army. May 6, 1945 Breslau capitulated. A significant part The city was destroyed.

Restrictions and rules

The following restrictions apply in the city:

1. Smoking is prohibited in public places.

2. It is forbidden to use alcohol in public places, especially in parks, near shops, rail train stations.

3. Driving by car – must have seat belts safety lights are included. Movement – right. The maximum speed in the city is 50 km / h. In settlements with 23.00 to 05.00 -60 km / h.

Public transport

Public transport in Wroclaw is represented by buses and trams that run from 5.00 to 23.00. Night buses go between 23.30 and 5.00, every half hour.

Types of tickets – single or periodic (reusable for certain time), which can be purchased at kiosks near stop the ticket machines.

Shopping (Shopping)

For shopping in Wroclaw, we recommend the following shopping centers:

  • Magnolia Park, Legnicka 58, 54-204 Wrocław
  • Centrum Handlowe Korona, Krzywoustego 126, Wrocław
  • Pasaż Grunwaldzki, Plac Grunwaldzki 22, 50-363 Wrocław
  • Hala Targowa, Piaskowa 15, Wrocław

The historical center of Wroclaw Historical center of wroclaw

Kitchen and food

Wroclaw has a large number of restaurants, bars, fast food mainly with Polish and European cuisine. We recommend the following places:

  • Restauracja „Karczma Lwowska”, Rynek 4, 50-106 Wrocław
  • Piwnica idwidnicka, Rynek Ratusz 1, 50-107 Wrocław
  • Restauracja Pod Gryfami, Rynek 2, 50-106 Wrocław
  • Restauracja Inspiracja, Plac Solny 16, 50-062 Wrocław
  • Restauracja JaDka, Rzeźnicza 24/25, 50-129 Wrocław

Accommodation

A large number of hotels, guest houses, hostels and apartments of different price groups and amenities. Because Wroclaw – quite a popular tourist center, accommodation better to book in advance.

How to get there

By plane to Warsaw, Berlin or Dresden. Recommend getting from Dresden.

By train or bus from most major cities in Germany, Czech Republic and Poland. See the schedule and buy tickets here. -http: //rozklad-pkp.pl

Maps of Wroclaw with interesting routes and landmarks

We will tell about the most interesting tourist routes of the city with marks on the map.

Embankment of the Oder River River embankment Audra

Odra River Embankment

The route along the Odra Embankment, during which you can enjoy the architecture of Wroclaw, parks, bridges.

Panorama of the Old Town Panorama of the Old cities

Old Wroclaw

The most ancient places of Wroclaw can be seen on the route below.

Panorama of the Old Town Panorama of the Old cities

Old Wroclaw

The most ancient places of Wroclaw can be seen on the route below.

Sights of Wroclaw

Tumsky Island, Wroclaw Tumsky Island Wroclaw

Tumsky Island

Ostrom Tumski – the oldest part of Wroclaw. Unique an ancient place whose history began in the 14th century. On the way to the center of the island and its dominant – the cathedral of sv. John the Baptist, you can admire the old buildings in the Renaissance style, the church St. Bartholomew (St. Cross), the palaces of bishops.

Cathedral of St. John the Baptist Cathedral cathedral of sv. John the baptist

Cathedral of sv. John the baptist is gorgeous a masterpiece of Gothic architecture and one of the largest temples Silesia. The history of the temple began 10 centuries ago. Cathedral learned destruction after fires and wars, but each time was restored to the form is not worse than before. Inside the cathedral you can admire the ancient frescoes and sculptures. Climbing the tower of the cathedral can enjoy the magnificent panorama of Old Wroclaw. Near The cathedral is located a classic chapel-sarcophagus, ancient towers, a small old church.

If you like museums, you can visit the Archbishop’s Museum, which contains several curious expositions such as Etruscan jewelry, Egyptian mummy, Greek amphoras.

Tumsky Bridge Tumsky Bridge

Then, along the Tumsky bridge, you can head for a small, old Sand Island

Here you can look at the old gothic church, built 600 years ago, a mill, a university library. Passing through the bridge over the Audra, you can go on Boulevard X. Dunikowskiego Boulevard on the park lookout site of a former defensive bastion. From here it opens beautiful panorama of the Ostrów island.

Just off to the side is the Bay of Gondolas, where you can take rent a boat and go on a trip to Audra. Also here are the remains of the old moat, Raclawice Panorama – picture-panorama depicting the Battle of Racławice during of the Polish national-liberation uprising Kosciuszko.

Then you can go to one of the oldest markets in Wroclaw – Nowy Targ. Here you can find fragments of the ramparts and the only remaining defensive tower.

Old carnage (Jatki) Old carnage (Jatki)

On the street. Crozdka can go to the University building, look at Baroque Church of the Holy Name of Jesus and go to the old slaughterhouse (jatki). These are ancient series formed in the 14th century for meat trade. Now artists and various artists have found shelter here. art galleries.

Nearby is one of the largest medieval basil city ​​dedicated to sv. Elizabeth. And at the intersection with ul.Świętego Mikołaja is an old arsenal. This building built in 1459 is the oldest building of its kind in this part of Europe.

Royal Palace Royal palace

The next notable attraction will be the royal palace built in the 18th century, which is now located regional museum.

Mythical Wroclaw

Residents themselves often joke that Wroclaw is 1000 years old. stories and 50 years of tradition, but in fact you can also find here traces of old stories and legends. Residents have created their own urban legends about the underground city, gnomes, eccentric and strange personalities. We represent the most mystical places Wroclaw.

  • The main railway station includes legends and stories about tunnels, Nazi bunkers with secret weapons, treasures, exported from other countries. Part of the tunnels are now flooded or collapsed.
  • Fountain of the Gnomes on Theater Square – dedicated to the stories about gnomes, which according to legend, live underground in the capital of the Lower Silesia.
  • Hotel Monopoly, built in Art Nouveau style – the legendary hotel in which many famous personalities lived – Adolph Hitler, Picasso and others.
  • Basilica of sv. Elizabeth – Gothic cathedral built on the ruins ancient temple. In the 16th century it was one of the highest churches. Europe. According to legend, the master of the crusaders lost her in cards and handed over to the Protestants.
  • Mill Bridge (Most Młyński Południowy) – on this bridge passed the test of water during the times of the Inquisition. Women accused in witchcraft, wrapped in a red cloak and thrown into the water Odry.
  • Church of sv. Bartholomew on Tumsky Island is another legendary place. This is an unusual two-tier church. legend the duke, the ruler of these places, after reconciliation with the bishop decided to build a church and name it in honor of St. Bartholomew. With a strange stone was found here in the construction of the foundation cross shape. This was taken as a sign that the church should be named after St. Cross. But the duke, not wanting to break his promises, named the church in honor of Bartholomew. Then he ordered attach another level and name in honor of St. Cross. So It turned out the church with two levels and names.
  • Cathedral of sv. John the Baptist – probably the most the legendary place of Wroclaw. The most famous legend associated with stone head. The story says the young apprentice fell in love to the jeweler’s daughter. But, since he was not rich, his father did not approve this marriage. The young man began to steal and rob. Having grown rich, he re made an offer, but the jeweler understood where his riches came from and drove him away. Furious and in revenge, he set fire to the jeweler’s house, watching fire from a small window in the tower of the cathedral. Kara overtook him here. The walls of the cathedral closed on the neck, and the head turned into stone a warning to all who follow his path. Also known and another legend is about the head of a lion without a mane. According to the legend, stonecutter, who carved the sculpture, not having received money for his work decided it to destroy. But the bay is only the mane of a lion. It was regarded as a sign, and the sculpture became a symbol of stinginess.

In conclusion, I would like to say that Wroclaw is an amazing city, city of old streets, churches with its amazing history and the atmosphere. We highly recommend to visit here.

Video – Wroclaw city

Residents themselves often joke that Wroclaw is 1000 years old. stories and 50 years of tradition, but in fact you can also find here traces of old stories and legends. Residents have created their own urban legends about the underground city, gnomes, eccentric and strange personalities. We represent the most mystical places Wroclaw.

  • The main railway station includes legends and stories about tunnels, Nazi bunkers with secret weapons, treasures, exported from other countries. Part of the tunnels are now flooded or collapsed.
  • Fountain of the Gnomes on Theater Square – dedicated to the stories about gnomes, which according to legend, live underground in the capital of the Lower Silesia.
  • Hotel Monopoly, built in Art Nouveau style – the legendary hotel in which many famous personalities lived – Adolph Hitler, Picasso and others.
  • Basilica of sv. Elizabeth – Gothic cathedral built on the ruins ancient temple. In the 16th century it was one of the highest churches. Europe. According to legend, the master of the crusaders lost her in cards and handed over to the Protestants.
  • Mill Bridge (Most Młyński Południowy) – on this bridge passed the test of water during the times of the Inquisition. Women accused in witchcraft, wrapped in a red cloak and thrown into the water Odry.
  • Church of sv. Bartholomew on Tumsky Island is another legendary place. This is an unusual two-tier church. legend the duke, the ruler of these places, after reconciliation with the bishop decided to build a church and name it in honor of St. Bartholomew. With a strange stone was found here in the construction of the foundation cross shape. This was taken as a sign that the church should be named after St. Cross. But the duke, not wanting to break his promises, named the church in honor of Bartholomew. Then he ordered attach another level and name in honor of St. Cross. So It turned out the church with two levels and names.
  • Cathedral of sv. John the Baptist – probably the most the legendary place of Wroclaw. The most famous legend associated with stone head. The story says the young apprentice fell in love to the jeweler’s daughter. But, since he was not rich, his father did not approve this marriage. The young man began to steal and rob. Having grown rich, he re made an offer, but the jeweler understood where his riches came from and drove him away. Furious and in revenge, he set fire to the jeweler’s house, watching fire from a small window in the tower of the cathedral. Kara overtook him here. The walls of the cathedral closed on the neck, and the head turned into stone a warning to all who follow his path. Also known and another legend is about the head of a lion without a mane. According to the legend, stonecutter, who carved the sculpture, not having received money for his work decided it to destroy. But the bay is only the mane of a lion. It was regarded as a sign, and the sculpture became a symbol of stinginess.

In conclusion, I would like to say that Wroclaw is an amazing city, city of old streets, churches with its amazing history and the atmosphere. We highly recommend to visit here.

Video – Wroclaw city

Maps and guides

Wroclaw map

Wroclaw on the map

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