Wismar, Germany: the most detailed information about the city of Wismar, main attractions with photo and description, location on map.
City of Wismar (Germany)
Wismar is a port city in the north of Germany, located on Baltic coast in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Pointed house facades, brick gothic churches and paved the streets give this little photogenic city a traditional Hanseatic look. Although Wismar joined Hanseatic League in the XIII century, he spent most of the XVI and XVII centuries as part of Sweden. Wismar is a city with a rich cultural and historical heritage whose historical center is listed UNESCO World Heritage sites.
- How to get there
- Geography and climate
- Shopping, shopping, gastronomy
- Wismar Attractions
Panorama of Wismar
Wismar was founded in the 13th century during the period of German colonization Slavic territories in the north of Germany. City for the first time mentioned in a document in 1229. Wismar was an important part The Hanseatic League, which was originally a union of merchants and traders from northern Germany and then grew into an extensive distribution network comprising about 200 ports and cities. The basis of trade in mainly served herring, beer and cloth. During Thirty Years of war (1618-1648) Wismar fell under Swedish domination, status whom he retained until 1803. Today in the old The city of Wismar has traces of history dating back to the Middle Ages, including several outstanding brick gothic churches and old houses.
Significant dates of the history of Wismar:
- 1 half of the 13th century – Wismar received city rights.
- 1259 – an alliance with Lübeck and Rostock, from which The Hanseatic League has grown.
- 1257 – 1358 biennium – Wismar was the residence of the princes of Mecklenburg.
- 1376 – the plague epidemic.
- 1648 – Wismar departed Sweden and turned into a powerful fortress Swedes in the south of the Baltic.
- 1803 – Sweden laid the city to the dukes of Mecklenburg and entered the composition of the German Empire.
During the Second World War, Wismar was subjected to severe bombed. In 2002 the historic center of the city was added to UNESCO World Heritage List.
How to get there
The nearest major international airport is located in Hamburg. Railway communication connects Wismar with Lübeck, Berlin, Rostock and other cities. Train station located practically in the city center 10 minutes walk from the market square. Check the schedule and buy tickets on this site -https: //www.goeuro.com. Very convenient to get to Wismar auto. Two highways approach the city: A14 – from the south, A20 – east and west.
City view Wismar
Geography and climate
Wismar is located on the southern tip of the bay of the same name in Baltic Sea. The city is located in the temperate zone climate with marine influence. The summer is warm, the winter is quite mild with average temperature of about 0 degrees. During the year falls about 600 mm of precipitation. The driest month is February. The greatest rainfall in summer.
Shopping, shopping, gastronomy
One of the centers of shopping and gastronomy in Wismar is the old port. In addition to the charming sea atmosphere, here you will find cozy pubs and restaurants, souvenir shops and other goods. You can also buy fresh fish and seafood from fishermen.
Street restaurants in Wismar
A large number of shops and restaurants are located in old town in the medieval winding streets.
The main attractions of Wismar are concentrated in the old the city. The heart of Altstadt is the market square or Markt. The size of the area is 10 000 sq. Meters and it is one of largest in northern germany.
Market Square in Wismar
The town hall is located in the northern part of the square. Modern building was built in the early 19th century on the site of the old gothic while retaining some of the original items.
Another interesting construction Markt is Vasserkunst. This is a small granite pavilion built in Dutch. project at the end of the 16th century. His function was to supply downtown drinking water.
Old Swede – medieval house in wismar
A little to the left of Wasserkunst is a medieval house. “Old Swede”, reminiscent of Swedish domination. This house is in style brick gothic was built at the end of the 14th century.
Another beautiful house in the style of brick Gothic – house archdeacon, built in the middle of the 15th century.
Among the historic buildings of Wismar stands out Schabbellhaus. This is a brick building in style. Dutch Renaissance, which was located brewery. House was built in the second half of the 16th century and is one of the first buildings of this style on the Baltic coast.
Church of sv. Georgen in Wismar
Church of sv. Georgen – one of the three outstanding brick gothic churches of wismar. This is an important monument of architecture. Northern Germany, the origins of which go back to 13 century. This religious building was considered a church. craftsmen and merchants, and its construction continued until until the end of the 16th century. On the 36-meter tower is located viewing playground.
Not far from the church is Fürstenhof – the old residence nobles Mecklenburg. The west wing is gothic at the beginning 16th century, and Oriental in Renaissance style in the middle of 16 century.
Tower of the church of sv. Mary’s
Tower of the church of sv. Mary – 80 meters high brick gothic tower. This is all that remains of one of the most beautiful churches of northern germany. Church of sv. Mary was badly damaged During the Second World War. In 1960 it was decided do not repair and demolish.
Church of sv. Nikolay
Church of sv. Nicholas – a masterpiece of Wismar Gothic architecture. Built in the 14th century and was considered a church of sailors. 37 meter high the central nave is the fourth largest among all medieval churches of Germany.
Wassertor or water gate
Wassertor or water gate – the only preserved ones from the five medieval city gates of Wismar. Their The current structure dates back to the mid-15th century with typical late gothic stepped gable.
Maps and guides
Detailed map of Wismar with landmarks