Warsaw

Warsaw (Poland) – all about the city, the main attractions Warsaw with photo, description and location on the map.

City of Warsaw (Poland)

Warsaw is the capital and largest city of Poland. City represents is an amazing combination of modern metropolis and classic European city with town halls, churches and squares.

  1. Story
  2. Climate
  3. Architecture and Infrastructure
  4. sights
  5. Accommodation
  6. How to get there?

Climate

The climate of Warsaw is moderate continental. Winter is usually mild summer is wet and warm. In winter, sometimes severe frosts. Climate Warsaw is one of the most comfortable cities in Europe.

Warsaw, view of the new city Warsaw, view of new town

Story

Warsaw became the capital of Poland in 1596. Then king Sigismund III transferred his residence after the fire in Wawel Castle in Krakow. The first mention of the city dates back to the 14th century. Although it is well established that from the 10th century on the territory of modern Warsaw was located several settlements. Scientists believe that the name of the city comes from the adjective Warszewa (or Warszowa on behalf of Warsz (a popular medieval cut named Warcisław, Wrocisław).

Panorama of the historical center of Warsaw Panorama the historic center of Warsaw

With the transfer of the capital from Krakow to Warsaw, flourishing begins cities. Two centuries since 1596 Warsaw was the residence of the Polish kings, and from 1815 to 1915 – the kingdom of Poland (in possession of the Russian Empire.

In the 20th century, Warsaw, like the rest of Poland, experienced its worst time. World War II left a terrible scar on the “face” cities. The historical center of the capital of Poland was almost completely destroyed. According to scientists, about 85% were destroyed cities. After World War II, the capital was restored to over the decades. Monuments of architecture tried restore in its original form according to old chronicles and drawings, but under the restored facades lurk modern materials and foundations.

Restored historic center of Warsaw Recycled historic center of Warsaw

Architecture and infrastructure of Warsaw

Warsaw’s architecture is a mixture of different styles that reflect the rich history of Poland and its capital. During the Second World War The old town was almost completely destroyed and rebuilt. only in the postwar years. The historical center of Warsaw is included in UNESCO World Heritage List as a model for restoration destroyed historical heritage. Recently in the city began to build modern skyscrapers and business centers.

Center of Warsaw Warsaw Center

Public transport of the city is represented by trams, buses. Also in Warsaw there is an underground. The city operates Poland’s largest international airport and two stations.

Accommodation

Find accommodation in Warsaw for any wallet will not be labor, if you take care of this in advance.

How to get to Warsaw

You can get to Warsaw by plane or by train from others. cities of Poland and Europe.

Sights of Warsaw

Castle Square (Plac Zamkowy) – the main square of the historic the center of Warsaw between the royal palace and the Old Town. Square resembles a triangle, the southern side of which was limited the fortress wall and the Krakow gate. Krakow Gate and part the walls were torn down in the first half of the 19th century. Castle Square was one of the busiest revenge of the Polish capital. In 1944 Castle Square as the whole historical center of the city were destroyed. New square Warsaw saw only in 1988 year

Castle Square in Warsaw Castle Square in Warsaw

A column dedicated to King Sigismund is installed on the square. III (Kolumna Zygmunta III Wazy). The bronze statue depicts the king in knightly armor, holding a saber in his hand, and with his left hand leaning on the cross.

Maps and guides

Warsaw guide with map (in Russian)

Here on the square is the Royal Castle (Zamek Królewski w Warszawie) – the residence of the Polish kings, a national monument culture of Poland. The royal castle was built by King Sigismund in 1618 on the site of a medieval castle. Was destroyed during World War II. Restored only in 1988.

Not far from the square is the main cathedral of Warsaw – the church St. John the Baptist (Archikatedra w. Jana Chrzciciela), built in 1390 of gothic brick. In 1944 the cathedral St. John the Baptist was destroyed by German troops, the interior the cathedral was destroyed. After the war, the cathedral was restored with recreating the intended original look.

Catholic church of St. John the Baptist Catholic Church John the baptist

Warsaw (Alexander) citadel (Cytadela Warszawska) – a reminder of the times when Poland was part of the Russian The empire. Russian fortress built in 1830 by order Emperor Nicholas I. The reason for the construction of the fortress was Polish uprising. Her chief architect, Major General Ivan Den, for The basis of his project used the project of the fortress of Antwerp.

Warsaw (Alexander) Citadel Warsaw (Aleksandrovskaya) citadel

Palace of Culture and Science (Pałac Kultury i Nauki) – the highest construction of Warsaw and Poland, one of the tallest buildings European Union. The palace was built in 1955 by the project of the Soviet architect Lev Rudnev as a gift from the USSR to the Polish to the people. The height of the 42-storey skyscraper is 187.68 m. On 30 floor at a height of 114 meters is an observation deck.

Palace of Culture and Science Palace of Culture and science

Palaces of Warsaw

The most beautiful palaces of Warsaw:

Lazenkovsky PalaceLazenkov Palace

Lazenkovsky Palace – the residence of the last Polish king Stanislav Ponyatovsky in Warsaw. Built on artificial island in Lazenkovskom park designed by Italian architects in The style of classicism in the late 18th century. Address: Agrykoli 1 00-460 Warszawa.

Wilanow Palace Wilanowski palace

Wilanow Palace (Pałac w Wilanowie) – Palace in the southeast Warsaw, a masterpiece of baroque and national pride of Poland. Palace was built in the late 17th century. Built as a country residence King of the Commonwealth. In World War II was not destroyed. The Nazis only stole the works of art exhibited in it, who were returned after the war. Now the palace is used as the museum.

Address: Stanisława Kostki Potockiego 10 / 16,02-958 Warszawa

Presidential palace Presidential palace

Presidential Palace (Pałac Prezydencki) – Presidential Residence Poland in Warsaw, the largest of all the Warsaw palaces. Built in the middle of the 17th century. Throughout its history repeatedly rebuilt. The palace suffered little during the Second world war. Address: Krakowskie Przedmieście 48/50 00-071 Warszawa.

Palace of Ostrog Palace Ostrogskih

Ostrogsky Palace – a baroque mansion built in 17 century. Destroyed in 1944. Restored from the ruins after the war. Address: Okólnik 1, Warszawa

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