Veliko Tarnovo

Veliko Tarnovo – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Veliko Tarnovo with a description guides and maps.

Veliko Tarnovo (Bulgaria)

Veliko Tarnovo is a historic town in northern Bulgaria. it the ancient capital of the medieval Bulgarian kingdom that breathes history and famous for its many magnificent architectural monuments. Veliko Tarnovo – one of the most beautiful cities Bulgaria, often called the “city of kings”, emphasizing its of major historical importance. It is located around the bend of the river. Yantra, forming the steep slopes on which the Old Town is built. The historical center lies on 3 hills: Tsarevets, Trapezitsa and Sveta The mountain, and the new city occupies the plain to the west of the hills.

  1. Geography and climate
  2. Practical information
  3. Story
  4. How to get there
  5. sights
  6. Video
  7. Maps and guides
  8. Comments and reviews

Geography and climate

Veliko Tarnovo is located in the northern foothills of the Balkans on the slopes of the valley of the river Yantra. The city has a humid continental climate with warm summers and cool winters.

Veliko Tarnovo in winterVeliko Tarnovo in winter

Practical information

  1. The population is 73 thousand people.
  2. Area – 30 km ².
  3. Currency – Bulgarian Lev.
  4. The language is Bulgarian.
  5. Time – UTC +2, in summer +3.
  6. Veliko Tarnovo – a safe and friendly campus with ancient history and hospitable inhabitants.

Story

The settlement on the site of the modern Veliko Tarnovo was known with deep antiquity. The city had key importance from 1185 to 1393 the years when he was the capital of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom and the residence of the Bulgarian kings. In the 14th century, when Byzantine the empire had completely weakened, Veliko Tarnovo declared itself “the Third Rome “based on its outstanding cultural influence in Eastern Europe.

The development of the city slowed down at the end of the 14th century after conquering Bulgaria by the Ottomans. In the Ottoman period, Veliko Tarnovo remained important economic and commercial center. Also the city was center of the Bulgarian national revival. Two large anti-Ottoman uprisings in 1598 and in 1686 began precisely here.

Church on Tsarevets Hill Church on Tsarevets hill

In 1879, the first Bulgarian was adopted in Veliko Tyrnovo constitution.

How to get there

You can get to Veliko Tarnovo by train from Bucharest and Sofia. Also, the city has a regular bus service with most major cities of Bulgaria.

Panorama Veliko Tarnovo Panorama Veliko Tarnovo

sights

Old city Old city

Veliko Tarnovo has a magnificent old town located on three hills: Tsarevets, Trapezitsa and Sveta Gora. Historical Center is an interlacing of charming streets with beautiful houses in the style of the Bulgarian national revival. Old city also includes several ancient churches and the ruins of an ancient fortress – The medieval residence of the Bulgarian kings.

Many old houses seem to hang over the slopes of Yantra, creating scenic views.

A popular place among tourists is considered Stambolovsky bridge which crosses the Yantra River and is an excellent overview. a platform. The bridge was built in 1892 from steel and concrete. it one of the first steel bridges in the Balkan Peninsula.

Tsarevets Tsarevets

Tsarevets is the main attraction of Veliko Tarnovo. This medieval fortress located on the hill of the same name, which It was the residence of the Bulgarian kings during the Second Bulgarian kingdom It is an impressive ruins of 12 – 13 centuries with beautiful church at the highest point. To the northern part of the fortress adjacent fragments of the monastery of the 16th century. The fortress is very massive. It includes hundreds of meters of stone walls, many of which have a thickness of up to 4 meters. Historical complex Tsarevets covers a total area of ​​more than 15, 000 square meters.

The cost of visiting the fortress – 6 leva.

Patriarchal Cathedral of the Holy Ascension – the main symbol Tsarevtsa. This is an ancient three-nave church located on top the hill. Built in Byzantine style with traditional stone. facade. Once the interior of the church was decorated with mosaics from multi-colored marble and precious stones, as well as frescoes. TO Unfortunately, the ancient decoration is not preserved. During the last the reconstruction of the Bulgarian artist Teofan Sokerov reworked it, portraying images of Bulgarian history in a modernist and rather creepy style. This all, of course, looks very strange.

The cost of visiting the church – 2 lev.

Cathedral Cathedral

The Cathedral – an impressive religious building 1842 – 1844 with numerous domes and arches. From the square where built a cathedral, a magnificent view of the hill Trapezitsa on north.

Monument of the Assen Dynasty Monument dynasty Asenov

Monument of the Asenov Dynasty – a historical monument erected in 1985. The sword, around which there are four Bulgarian King, symbolizes the power and rise of medieval Bulgaria.

Church of the Holy Forty Martyrs Church Holy Soroka Martyrs

Church of the Holy Soroka Martyrs – small medieval Church, built in the first half of the 13th century. It is elongated a six-column basilica, which has three semicircular apses and narrow narthex from the west. The interior of the church was covered with a wall painted probably in 1230 On the western annex is preserved part of the original exterior with traditional arches and colored ceramic plates.

Opposite this church is the tiny Assumption Church, built in 1923 on the foundation of a ruined medieval buildings of the 14th century.

Church of Saints Peter, Paul and Ivan Church Saints Peter, Paul and Ivan

The Church of Saints Peter, Paul and Ivan is one of the few Bulgarian medieval churches, preserved and working from the beginning 13th century and before the earthquake in 1913. It was built in the time of King Kaloyan and was part of the monastery. Church building – This is a three-nave basilica with a cruciform dome and one apse, which has magnificent wall paintings.

Church of St. Demetrius Church St. Demetrius

The Church of St. Demetrius was founded in the 12th century. Original the building was destroyed during a very strong earthquake on June 1 1913 and restored between 1976-1985. From the old church preserved only parts of the altar.

Archaeological Museum Archaeological Museum

The Archaeological Museum – magnificent expositions illustrating thousand-year history and culture of the city. Includes archaeological the finds of the times of the Thracians, the ancient Greeks and the Romans, and historical exhibits of the period of the Second Bulgarian kingdom

Sights in the vicinity of Veliko Tarnovo

One of the most interesting places in the vicinity of Veliko Tarnovo is a small village of Arbanassi with ancient sacral monuments.

Monastery of St. Nicholas in Arbanasi Monastery St. Nicholas in Arbanassi

Monastery of St. Nicholas – a medieval monastery, located in a small valley in the southwestern part of Arbanassi. is he was looted and burned in 1393, 1717 and 1729. Monastery was abandoned in 1744 due to a plague epidemic.

Church of the Nativity of Christ in Arbanasi Church Christmas in Arbanasi

The Church of the Nativity of Christ is the earliest and richest decorated church in the village of Arbanassi. It was built in Middle Ages. The oldest layer of wall paintings refers to the end of the 14th century.

Church of St. Demetrius in Arbanasi Church St. Demetrios in Arbanassi

The Church of St. Demetrius is located in the center of Arbanassi. it a small stone building with a gable roof and frescoes, completed in 1621.

Church of the Holy Archangels Michael and GabrielChurch of the Holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel

The Church of the Holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel is one of the most beautiful churches built in the village of Arbanassi in the 17-18 centuries. This simple stone building has magnificent walls. murals.

Holy Trinity MonasteryHoly Trinity Monastery

The Holy Trinity Monastery was founded in 1070 and is located in 6 km north of Veliko Tarnovo. There are caves in the surrounding rocks, which in the Middle Ages were turned into cells and chapels. Church at the monastery was built in 1847 and destroyed by an earthquake in 1913.

Plakovo Monastery of St. Ilya Plakovsky St. Elias Monastery

Plakovsky Monastery of St. Ilya was founded in the 13th century. Then it was destroyed during the Ottoman invasion in 1393 and again reconstructed in 1450. After that the monastery also repeatedly attacked and arson: in 1595, 1706, 1784, 1835, 1842 years.

Transfiguration MonasteryTransfiguration Monastery

Transfiguration Monastery – one of the largest and most beautiful monasteries of Bulgaria, located at a distance of 7 km from Veliko Tarnovo. It was founded in the 11th century and is located in a picturesque Belyakovsky plateau.

Video

Maps and guides

Tourist City Map

Veliko Tarnovo on the map of Bulgaria

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