Trujillo (Spain) – detailed information about the city with photos. Trujillo’s main attractions, descriptions, guides and cards.
City Trujillo (Spain)
Trujillo – a city in western Spain in the province of Caceres the autonomous community of extremadura. This is one of the most charming. small towns of the region with a large medieval square, which many consider one of the most beautiful in the country. Historical Trujillo Center – impressive 15th-16th century architecture, ancient buildings and monumental church. Especially attract attention mansions and palaces of conquistadors built by the participants of the conquest New World.
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- The population is 9.3 thousand people.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
- Currency – Euro.
- The language is Spanish.
At the time of the Romans, this place was called Turgalia. Passed here Roman road that connected Merida and Zaragoza. In the 5th century here settled by the Visigoths, who in the 8th century were replaced by the Moors. During Reconquista city became an important strategic point and center trade. In 1430, Trujillo received city status. In 1465 year free market privileges.
In the 16th century, the city grew rapidly. In addition, here famous conquistadors were born or lived: Francisco Pizarro, Diego García de Paredes and Francisco de Orellana. Many of the participants the Conquest, having grown rich in the New World, returned to the city and built beautiful mansions. Trujillo was significantly damaged in the 17-19 century during military conflicts, and its value dropped.
How to get there
See the article by Caceres.
Trujillo is built on a hill, on top of which is Moorish fortress built during the Reconquista in the 12th century. The historical part of the city surrounds a large square in the style of the era Renaissance – Plaza Mayor, on which the equestrian statue is installed Bronze Pissarro. The city itself in the Middle Ages was surrounded by walls with 17 defensive towers.
Along the perimeter of Major Square are important historical and religious buildings: churches of San Francisco (17th century), Santa Clara (late 15th century) and San Martin (built between the 14th to 16th centuries), numerous palaces and mansions of the 16-18 century. One of the most outstanding buildings on the square – the Palace of the Shield, built in the 16th century Pissarro, conqueror of Peru. Beautiful balcony decorated in style plateresque and shield of the famous conquistador.
Church San martin
The church of San Martin is one of the most beautiful buildings. Trujillo and the real calling card of the city. The temple was built between the 14th and 16th centuries. This is a single-nave building with a ribbed vault and renaissance interior.
Church Santa Maria la Mayor
Santa Maria la Mayor – an ancient church of the 13th century, which considered one of the best examples of Romanesque architecture in the region Extremadura. It was built on the site of a Muslim mosque. AT the interior you can admire the ribbed arches that cover the entire three-nave structure, and the magnificent gothic altar.
The church of Santiago, next to the city gate of the same name, was built in the 13th century. Later the building was rebuilt between 15-17 over the centuries.