Trencin (Slovakia) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Trencin with a description, guides and cards.
Trencin City (Slovakia)
Trencin – a city in the west of Slovakia, located between Bratislava and Zhilin. First of all, famous for its gorgeous medieval castle that is built on a rocky cliff and already For hundreds of years, towering over the city. Also Trencin is justly proud with its wonderful provincial atmosphere and charming historical streets, which are frozen monuments of the past.
- Geography and climate
- Practical information
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Geography and climate
Trencin is located in the western part of Slovakia, 10 km from the border with the Czech Republic. The river Vah crosses it from north to south. North west there are Strazhovskie mountains and the White Carpathians. Trencin has moderate climate with warm summers and cool winters.
Old streets Trencin
- The population is 55.5 thousand people.
- The area is 82 km2.
- The language is Slovak.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European (UTC +1, summer +2).
- Trencin is easily accessible from Bratislava, Zilina, Trnava
The surroundings of Trencin have been inhabited since prehistoric times. In the 2nd century AD it housed the Roman garrison. The Romans called this place is laugaricio. On the rock under the castle you can see the Latin The inscription, which dates back to 179 AD It is considered the most northern evidence of the presence of Roman soldiers in Central Europe.
Trencin is one of the proposed places for the capital State Self. It is likely that Trencin Castle was founded in the time of Great Moravia. Although the first written mentions are dated only 1111 years. In 1241 the castle was one of the most important defenses on the way Tatar-Mongols.
Between 1302 and 1321, Trencin Castle served as a residence Matus Chuck, an influential Hungarian nobleman who controlled almost all of Slovakia. In 1412, Trencin received status of the royal city. At the end of the 18th century, the castle and the city suffered from a big fire.
Trencin flourished in the 19th century and was associated with the development industry, as well as the construction of the railway Bratislava – Zilina. From this period begins the formation of the city as industrial center middle Povazhya.
Trencin Castle – the most famous landmark city located on a picturesque cliff. Since ancient times, this the fortress guarded the trade routes from Moravia and Bohemia to Silesia and Poland The castle was founded in the 11th century and is one of the largest medieval buildings in Europe. He originally represented a residential tower and rotunda, the remains of which can be seen in Top yard. In the following centuries, the owners of this fortress significantly rebuilt and expanded it. Trencin Castle finally lost its military significance at the end of the 18th century. The great fire that broke out on June 11, 1790 and almost destroyed the city, and devastated the castle.
In the lower part of the castle are the barracks and the bastion, which indicate the defensive value of this structure. Near Bastions is located the famous Well of Love. With this well related beautiful legend: in the distant past, the lord of the castle Stefan Zaponsky captured the beautiful Turkish princess Fatima. One The Turkish Vizier (or Prince) Omar, who loved Fatima, arrived with a load of gold to redeem it. However, the lord of the castle demanded from him dig a well inside the fortress. Omar took four years to extract water from solid rock.
City Tower – Gothic tower built at the beginning of 15 century. Renaissance gates were updated in the first quarter 17th century. From the tower offers a beautiful view of Trencin.
Mariana Column – Baroque Sculpture, built in 1712 by Viennese masters in honor of deliverance Trencin from the plague.
Church of sv. Francis
Church of sv. Francis is considered one of the most beautiful sacred baroque monuments in Slovakia. It was founded Jesuits in the 17th century. The church was designed and built in 1653 – 1657 by Italian masters in the style of early baroque. AT In the first half of the 18th century, the building was restored after a strong the fire.
Parish Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Farsky church)
Parish Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Farsky church) is one of the most valuable and oldest sacred buildings Trencin. Once the church was part of the city fortress wall, which protected the access road to the castle. The current church was built in 1324 on the site of a religious buildings of the 13th century. In the 16th century the building was significantly reconstructed by Italian masters. Throughout its history the church was damaged many times by fire. After the fire in 1886 and at the beginning of the 20th century the building was rebuilt into today’s form.
The synagogue in Trencin is considered one of the most significant. Jewish monuments on the territory of Slovakia. This is an interesting building. with Byzantine and Moorish motifs was built in 1913 year
The staircase is a defensive passage to the castle, built in 1568 in the style of the Renaissance. This staircase also served to access the armory. This building was damaged by fires in 1708, 1790 and 1886.
Urban House chapters
The house of the mayor is one of the oldest buildings in Trencin, whose history dates back to 1580. In the 17th century, according to the folk legend, it served as the residence of the local town governor, as well as served as a prison.