Tartu (Estonia) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Tartu with a description, guidebooks and cards.
Tartu City (Estonia)
Tartu is a city in eastern Estonia with a rich history and traditions. Is the second largest in the country, large educational, cultural and tourist center. Interesting that Tartu is the oldest and one of the most “Estonian” cities in Estonia. Him distinguished by a free youth atmosphere and rich cultural a life.
- Geography and climate
- Best time to visit
- Practical information
- How to get there
- Shopping and shopping
- Food and drink
- Maps and guides
- Comments and reviews
Geography and climate
Tartu is located 185 km south-east of Tallinn shores Emajõgi River, which connects the two largest lakes in Estonia. The climate is temperate. Summer in Tartu is quite warm with an average temperature of 15-20 degrees. In winter, keep cold -5, -10 degrees For the year falls about 600 mm of rain, most which falls in June – October.
Best time to visit
We recommend visiting Tartu from May to September.
- Tartu has more than 90,000 inhabitants, of which almost 80% Estonians and 15% Russians.
- Currency – Euro.
- The area of the city is 38.8 km 2.
- Visa – Schengen.
Tartu is the oldest city in Estonia and one of the most ancient in the Baltics. Already in the 5th century, a mound was located here. Tarbatu. In 1030 it was captured by Yaroslav the Wise, who founded here the city of Yuriev. This event is celebrated in the legendary “Tale of Bygone Years”.
After 31 years, a new city was captured and destroyed by local tribes. In the first half of the 12th century Yuriev was captured Novgorod princes. In the first half of the 13th century, the city was taken German knights, but after 8 years again belonged to Novgorod. In 1224, as a result of a long siege, the knights retaken the city, while executing all the defenders.
The city was renamed Dorpat. As part of the knightly order he was two centuries. In 1248, Tartu entered the Hanseatic League as one of the main shopping centers between Europe and Novgorod.
During the Livonian War, the city was taken by Russian troops, but in the end of the 16th century went to Poland. At the beginning of the 17th century, the city passed from hand in hand – from Poland to Sweden and back. In 1632 in Tartu opened a university that is the oldest in northern Europe. After the Northern War, the city is part of the Russian Empire. AT Tartu was located in Russia until 1919. It is this year The city received a modern name. In 1940, part of THE USSR. In 1941, German forces occupied Tartu. Released in 1944 year Since 1991, the city has been part of independent Estonia.
How to get there
Tartu has a small airport that connects the city with the capital of Finland is Helsinki. Nearest major international The airports are located in Tallinn (185 km) and Riga (250 km).
By bus you can get to Tartu from Tallinn, Riga, Viljandi, Narva, Pärnu.
Trains run to Tallinn, Narva, St. Petersburg and Moscow
Historical Center Tartu
Shopping and shopping
Tartu is a great place to shop. In the city center you can find there are enough souvenir shops and not only. Large trading centers:
- Eeden – Kalda tee 1c
- Lõunakeskus – Ringtee tänav 75
- Tartu Kaubamaja – Riia tänav 1
Food and drink
Tartu is a student and youth city. Here you can find quite good budget places with delicious food, and also fun bars and clubs.
Most of the attractions of Tartu are located in historical center, the heart of which is the Town Hall square.
Town Hall Square on Christmas
The architecture of the Town Hall Square is a building in the style of classicism. The dominant feature is the town hall, built at the end of the 18th century.
Town Hall in Tartu
One of the symbols of Tartu, a fountain with kissing couple (students).
One of the main monuments of ancient sacral architecture is the church of sv. John, built in the 14th century. This brick the gothic church is famous for a thousand medieval terracotta sculptures.
Church of sv. John’s
From other religious buildings should be noted:
- Roman Catholic Church on Veski Street – beautiful brick building built in the late 19th century.
- Neo-Gothic Lutheran Church of Sts. Petra start 20 century.
- Church of sv. Paul in the style of the Finnish romanticism.
- Assumption Orthodox Church of the late 18th century.
Near the Museum of local government history of the university are located The ruins of the old cathedral of the 13th century. Of particular interest is the historic building of the university – the oldest in North Europe.
From historical buildings, it’s worth looking at Catherine’s house (the end 18th century), house of Barclay, national court, old observatory.
Church of sv. Paul’s
Supilinn is an interesting and original place in Tartu. old wooden architecture and cozy courtyards.
Maps and guides
Detailed map of Tartu (download)