Slovenia – the most detailed information about the country with a photo. Attractions, cities of Slovenia, climate, geography, population and culture.
- 1 Slovenia (Slovenija)
- 2 Geography and nature
- 3 Climate and weather
- 4 Best time to visit
- 5 Story
- 6 Currency and money
- 7 Language and population
- 8 Administrative division
- 9 Security
- 10 How to get there
- 11 Gastronomy
- 12 Cities of Slovenia
- 13 Interesting places and sights of Slovenia
- 14 Video
- 15 Maps and guides
- 16 Location on the map
Slovenia is a small state in Central Europe with beautiful nature, history and a dynamic economy. A country is a member of the European Union and the Schengen Agreement. Slovenia is located at the junction of the Balkans and Central Europe, in eastern Alps and the northern Adriatic. Country bordered by north with Austria, west with Italy, south-east with Croatia, in the northeast with Hungary.
- Geography and nature of Slovenia
- Climate and weather
- Best time to visit
- Currency and money
- Language and population
- Administrative division
- How to get there
- Cities of Slovenia
- Interesting places and sights of Slovenia
Map of Slovenia
It is an eastern Alpine state, despite the small sizes, located at the intersection of important European routes. Also currently Slovenia is becoming increasingly popular among tourists, thanks to its natural and historical attractions and lower prices compared to Italy and Austria.
Flag of Slovenia
Geography and nature
Mostly Slovenia Boasts Big geographical diversity. In the north-west the Alps rise, in the northeast the Middle Danube lowland extends, in the south – Dinar Highlands, and in the west – the Adriatic coast. By most of Slovenia is a mountainous country. Mountains occupy about 40% territory. Slovenia is also washed by the Adriatic Sea. Sea the coast has a length of about 30 km.
Large rivers Sava and Drava flow through the territory of Slovenia (tributary of the Danube). Also in the country are many picturesque mountain and glacial lakes The largest among them are Lake Bled and Bohinj. Interest represent many karst caves – Postojna-Yama, Škocian caves, etc.
The nature of Slovenia is very diverse. Almost half of the territory countries are covered with forests; steppe can be found in the highlands landscapes, in the mountains – coniferous forests and alpine meadows, and the adriatic coast is pampered by the mediterranean vegetation.
Climate and weather
Geographic diversity has left its mark on the climate. The territory of Slovenia is climatically heterogeneous: climate on the coast Mediterranean, in the mountains – continental, in the flat part – moderately continental.
Winter in the mountains Slovenia
In summer, the weather is usually warm with infrequent rains. Winter soft with slight frosts. In the mountains, the weather is much harsher and a lot of snow falls.
Best time to visit
Slovenia is a country that can be visited all year round. Most High tourist season – June-August. Great time for visits to Slovenia April-May and September-October. At that time few tourists, dry and warm. This is a great time for hiking. walking, exploring nature and sights country.
Slovenia in the fall
The lowest season is November-March (except for Christmas holidays). In the mountains, skiing runs in the winter. Ski season Lasts from December to March.
Slovenian ancestors came to this land in the 6th century. In the 7th century here one of the first Slavic states was formed, which in mid-8th century fell under the protectorate of the Frankish state. Thanks to the influence of the Franks, Slovenes became Christians.
The first documents in Slovene language date back to the beginning of the 11th century. In the 14th century, Slovenia became part of the Habsburg Empire and remained in part of Austria-Hungary before the First World War.
Slovenian open spaces
According to the results of World War I, the Slovenian coast was withdrawn to Italy and the rest of the country became part of the Kingdom Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, later called Yugoslavia. The Kingdom of Yugoslavia ceased to exist during the Second world war. The result was a socialist federative Republic of Yugoslavia. Slovenia gained independence in 1991 year
Currency and money
The currency of Slovenia is the euro. In many shops and restaurants bank cards are accepted.
A hotel room for two can be rented for 30-40 euros (prices are very vary by season, star hotel and its location). Dinner or lunch in a restaurant and cafe will cost 20-30 euros. Pint of beer costs 2-4 euros. Tips are usually included in the bill. If not, then accepted leave 10-15% of the total bill.
Slovenia in winter
Language and population
The state language is Slovenian. Included in the Slavic group languages. A lot of people speak English. In areas close to Italy, you can meet people who know Italian, and on the border with Austria – German.
The population of Slovenia is mainly represented by Slovenes. Lot immigrants from the former Yugoslavia. More than half the population professes Catholicism. Slovenians are a rather friendly and affable nation. When greeting, it is customary to shake hands.
Administrative division of Slovenia on the map.
Administrative division of Slovenia
Slovenia is a fairly safe country. According to statistics, 90% crime related to theft. Therefore, the basic rules security: do not leave things unattended, be careful in crowded places, remove valuables in the car. If necessary You can call 112 to call the police or help.
How to get there
Slovenia’s main international airport is located close to the capital – Ljubljana. There are also options to get through the airports in Pula, Trieste and Venice.
The bus service connects Slovenia with many neighboring European cities. You can get to the capital of Slovenia from Trieste, Milan, Munich, Zagreb. Also for the country itself is enough convenient to travel by bus. Buy tickets online or find out schedule here -https: //www.ap-ljubljana.si
Slovenia has good rail connections with many European countries (except Italy). By train you can reach from Budapest, Prague, Zagreb, Vienna and other cities. Train tickets convenient to search here -https: //www.goeuro.de
Slovenia has excellent road connections with neighboring countries. Thanks to the good roads and the small size of the country is very convenient to travel by car. To travel is necessary acquire a special permit – a vignette.
Slovenian cuisine is a kind of synthesis of Austrian and Italian the kitchen. Here you can find Austrian schnitzel and strudel in the menu, Italian pasta, risotto and pizza, Hungarian goulash. From local dishes stand out like our dumplings štruklji with different dried pork (prushut), potato dumplings, soup from beans, a type of Italian polenta, garlic ribs, Traditional Slovene Pie Pie.
Slovenian cuisine is very satisfying. Typically, write food includes soup from beef and chicken with egg noodles, the second meat dish of beef, pork, chicken and turkey are common on the coast seafood.
Slovenian open spaces
Of alcoholic beverages, beer and wine prevail. From local Beers are the most common Laško and Union. Of soft coffee is very popular.
International fast food chains operate in major cities and tourist places. Slovenia also has large networks. supermarkets – Lidl, Leclerc, Aldi, Mercator.
Cities of Slovenia
Slovenian cities are quiet, small and rather picturesque. Capital and the largest city in the country – Ljubljana. You will not find it in the world famous sights will not run around trying everything have time Here you can focus on slow walks and getting to know the city.
Ljubljana – the capital of Slovenia
Ljubljana is one of the smallest European capitals with population of about 300 thousand inhabitants. Old Town is complex of ancient and medieval buildings, beautiful baroque buildings of 17-18 centuries. On a hill above the city rises old Castle – Grad.
The second most populous city in Slovenia is Maribor. The city with a population of more than 100 thousand inhabitants is located among picturesque hills and vineyards. Maribor is located near border with Austria. The historical center of the city is very compact. Here you can see the Mariborsky Castle, the old cathedral. Cathedral, one of the oldest synagogues in Europe, the oldest in the world grapevine, stroll through the ancient streets and squares.
Another interesting city is Celje. Third largest city Slovenia and one of the oldest in the country. It is a small town with population of 50 thousand people with a beautiful old center and lock.
Piran – a small picturesque town on the Adriatic coast Slovenia. Located on the Istrian peninsula, 7 km from the border with Croatia Here you can not only relax on great beaches, but also view the ancient monuments of the medieval Venetian architecture.
Other major and significant cities of Slovenia are Koper, Velenje, Nova-Gorica, Kranj.
Interesting places and sights of Slovenia
The most interesting places and sights of Slovenia:
Lake Bled is a beautiful lake in the foothills of the Alps. Beautiful natural landscapes, monuments of architecture and pure water, in which summer you can swim. Bledpo rightly considered the best Slovenian resort.
Predjama Castle is one of the oldest castles in Slovenia and one of most beautiful castles in Europe. The gothic castle was founded in 12 century and perched on the edge of a large rock. Located 10 km from Postojna.
Postojna Yama – one of the most visited attractions Slovenia. This is a system of karst caves with a length of more than 20 km. About 5 km are open to the public. It is the largest in the world. Underground tourist attraction.
Otočec Castle – an ancient medieval castle 7 km from the city Novo Mesto. Built on a small island in the 13-14 century.
National Triglav Park
Triglav is the only national park in Slovenia and one of its characters. Includes the most beautiful alpine landscapes, mountain rivers, lakes and the highest peak of the country – the mountain Triglav.
Maps and guides
Main Attractions Road and City Map Regions