Sighisoara (Romania) – the most detailed information about the city with a photo. The main attractions of Sighisoara with a description guides and maps.
Sighisoara is a city in central Romania in a historic area Transylvania. It was founded by Saxon settlers who built here a citadel called Chessburg. Sighisoara is considered one of the most beautiful and best preserved medieval cities in Europe. Its historical center is completely 16th century unique gem listed by UNESCO World Heritage.
The old town of Sighisoara is famous for its towers cobbled streets, old burgher houses and rich decorated with churches. The historic center has excellent medieval atmosphere that is not inferior to the charm of the old Prague and Vienna. Sighisoara is also considered a birthplace. the legendary ruler of Wallachia – Prince Vlad Tepes, who It is a type of Count Dracula.
- Geography and climate
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Geography and climate
Sighisoara is located in the heart of Romania in the Mures County 170 km to northwest of bucharest. The city is located on a hill above the river. Tyrnava Mare. It has a temperate continental climate with warm summer and pretty cold in winter.
Winter in Sighisoara
- The population is about 30 thousand people.
- The language is Romanian.
- The currency is leu.
- Time – UTC +2, in summer +3.
- Sighisoara can be reached by train and bus from Bucharest, Brasov, Sibiu.
The origin of Sighisoara dates back to Roman times. In the 1st century AD Here was founded the Dacian settlement, which was called Sandava The Romans renamed the settlement Castrum Stenarum. Sighisoara was founded in the 12th century by German settlers. (Transylvanian Saxons). In 1280, the Saxon settlement received city status.
German settlers built a powerful fortress and several churches. In the 14th century, Shessburg received the status of a free city. At 16 century Sighisoara has become one of the main trading and craft centers of Southeast Europe.
The main attraction of Sighisoara are the citadel, which is considered the last inhabited medieval Fortress in Europe and included in the World Heritage List UNESCO. This building began to build in the 12th century. In the 14th – 15th centuries Sighisoara becomes an important craft center. This contributed prosperity of the city and provided financing for the construction of powerful fortifications
The citadel in Sighisoara
Most of the towers and bastions of the citadel were built in the period from 14th to 16th century. Saxon artisanal guilds erected towers around the walls of a medieval fortress to protect the city from Turkish raids. Of the original fourteen towers and five artillery bastions, nine towers and two bastions survived the test of time. Surviving Towers: Kuznetsov Tower (Turnul The Hierarchor), the Butchers Tower (Turnul Macelarilor), the Shoemakers Tower (Turnul Cizmarilor), Fur Tower (Turnul Cojocarilor), tower Ropemen (Turnul Franghierilor), Tower of Tailors (Turnul Croitorilor), Kozhevnikov tower (Turnul Tabacarilor), tower Tinsmiths (Turnul Cositorilor) and the famous Clock Tower (Turnul cu Ceas).
The heart of the citadel is the small square (Piata Cetatii), which was the center of city life. In the Middle Ages here street markets, craft fairs, public executions and witch trials.
The most impressive towers of the citadel
The clock tower is a symbol of Sighisoara. It was built in the 14th century and expanded in the 16th century. Four small corner turrets on the top symbolized the judicial autonomy of the city council, who could execute and pardon. After the fire in 1676, when gunpowder exploded in the Tower of the Tailors, Austrian masters rebuilt Baroque Clock Tower. Hours were added at 17 century. From the top of the tower a beautiful view of the red tiled roofs of the Old Town, unspoilt Saxon houses of the 16th century and narrow cobbled streets.
The Rogers Tower is one of the oldest buildings in Sighisoara, dating from the 13th century.
The Tailors Tower is an impressive medieval building of the 14th century, built by the richest artisan guild of Sighisoara. Initially, the tower was as tall as the Clock. Her the upper part was destroyed by the explosion of gunpowder in 1676 year
The Shoemakers Tower, located in the northeastern part of the city, first mentioned in documents dating from the middle of the 16th century. It carries the influence of early baroque architecture.
Dominican Church – a medieval religious building, which was part of the 13th century Dominican monastery, destroyed at the end of the 19th century. In place of the monastery was built the town hall. The church has survived. It is a two-foot late gothic building.
Church on The hill
The Church on the Hill is one of the most representative buildings in Gothic style in Transylvania, located north of the Sentinel towers. This building was first mentioned in 1345. Current the building was built on the site of an older Romanesque basilica. The church is famous for its frescoes and gothic altars.
The Ladder of Scientists is an interesting example of medieval architecture. This is an indoor staircase, built in 1642, which connected the Citadel Square with the Church on the Hill.
House of Dracula
The House of Dracula is a medieval ocher building in which, presumably in 1431 he was born and lived until 1435 the next the ruler of Wallachia, Prince Vlad Tepes, who received the order for his actions Dragon and nickname Dracul.
Deer House, built in the 17th century in Transylvanian style renaissance. Known for deer horns mounted on one of the corners. its facade.
Venetian House – a historic building of the 16th century, in a rare for these places are gothic venetian style.
The Church of the Lepers is a small Gothic church of the 15th century, located in the Lower Town on the banks of the river Tirnava.
Maps and guides