Sibenik (Croatia) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Šibenik with a description, guides and cards.
- 1 City Sibenik (Croatia)
- 2 Geography and climate
- 3 Best time to visit
- 4 Practical information
- 5 Story
- 6 How to get there
- 7 Shopping and shopping
- 8 Food and drink
- 9 sights
- 10 Sacred architecture
- 11 Fortresses and forts
- 12 Interesting places and buildings
- 13 Video
- 14 Maps and guides
- 15 Sibenik on a map of Croatia
City Sibenik (Croatia)
Sibenik – a city in the south-west of Croatia in the north historical region of Dalmatia. Located in the center of Croatian Adriatic at the mouth of the Krka River. Sibenik – an ancient city with a millennial history and one of the largest and best preserved authentic medieval historic centers with enchanting narrow streets and old architecture. His most important attraction is the magnificent cathedral of sv. Jacob in Renaissance style, which in 2000 was included in the list of objects UNESCO World Heritage Site. Also in the old town of Sibenik there are many beautiful old churches, palaces and several fortresses. In addition, the inventor was born and lived here. parachute Faust Vranchich.
- Geography and climate
- Best time to visit
- Practical information
- How to get there
- Shopping and shopping
- Food and drink
- Maps and guides
- Comments and reviews
Geography and climate
Šibenik is located in the north of Dolmatia on the shore of the bay. Adriatic Sea, which flows into the Krka River. Coastline heavily incised. The climate is Mediterranean subtropical. Summer hot and dry, winters are mild and wet.
Best time to visit
The beach season lasts from late May to October. Water in The Adriatic Sea warms up to 24-26 degrees. Peak The tourist season falls in July and August.
- The population is over 46 thousand people.
- Currency – Kuna.
- Visa – Schengen.
- The language is Croatian.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
- City beaches – Bunge and Jadriya.
The fortified settlement on the site of the modern city was built by the Croats in the 9th century. Sibenik is first mentioned in 11 century when King Peter Kresimira IV. In 1298 received the status cities. In 1412, like all Dalmatia, the city came under the rule Venice In the 15th and 16th centuries it was constantly besieged by the Turks, but it was never taken
As part of the Republic of Venice, Sibenik was located on over three centuries, being its western stronghold on the way the Ottomans. The current old town mainly dates from 15-17 century, when Šibenik began to flourish in the salt and wine trade, shipping.
At the end of the 18th century, the city became part of the Hapsburg Empire. Under Austrian government Shibenik was before the First World War. After she was occupied by Italy several times until finally It became part of Croatia and Yugoslavia. It happened after the second world war.
How to get there
Sibenik is located between the cities of Trogir and Zadar. Nearest The airport is located in Zadar. A good alternative to him will be Split airport. Šibenik is connected by bus service with large cities of Croatia, Slovenia, Germany. Also here you can get by train from Zagreb and Split.
Shopping and shopping
Popular purchases are: olive oil, figs, wine, traditional orange-black hat, coral and sponge products. AT The end of September is a medieval festival where buy various souvenirs associated with this historical period. In the southern part of the city on the road to Split is a shopping center. Dalmare.
Streets of Sibenik
Food and drink
Dalmatian cuisine is a mixture of Croatian cuisine with strong influenced by Mediterranean (Italian) cuisine. One of the most famous dishes is steamer (vegetable pie). Very big The number of dishes is built on fish and seafood. Popular food is risotto, dalmatian pašticada s njokama (gnocchi), pršut (ham), cevapi (grilled meat sausages).
The main sights of Šibenik are located in the old the city. The historic center dates from the late Medieval and Renaissance. Old city was formed in 15-17 century and is one of the best preserved in Croatia.
Šibenik is known for its sacred architecture. In the old town there are more than a dozen ancient churches.
Church of sv. Jacob
Church of sv. Jacob’s Cathedral, listed UNESCO World Heritage sites. Is one of the most impressive masterpieces of christian architecture on the coast Dalmatia. The cathedral began to be built in 1431 and fully finished in 1536 It consists entirely of solid stone blocks and has strict but beautiful facade.
Cathedral of sv. Jacob was built by the most famous architects of Croatia. The building combines the styles of Gothic and Renaissance. One of the most of interesting features is the exquisite frieze outside the apse with more than 70 unique persons representing ordinary citizens 15th century.
Church of sv. Barbarians
Church of sv. Barbarians is a small Gothic church of the 15th century. Above the main portal in the niche is a statue of St. Nicholas sculptor from Milan. Gothic is located on the north wall. window. Within the walls of the church is now a small noteworthy collection of sculptures and paintings of the 14-18th century. Interior can boast two unique altars.
Church of sv. Francis
Church of sv. Francis – a medieval church founded in 13 century. In the 18th century, the building was rebuilt in the Baroque style. Interior decorated with paintings and a magnificent 17th century organ.
Church of sv. John’s
Church of sv. John is one of the most beautiful churches in Sibenik. It was built in the 15th century and is a medieval masterpiece. architecture. The church is decorated with interesting bas-reliefs below. The bell tower is a Renaissance window. In the 18th century on the bell tower Turkish watches were built after the Ottomans completely left the city in the 18th century. The dome of the bell tower was dismantled at 19 century after the earthquake.
Church of sv. Krshevana
Church of sv. Krshevana is a small old 12th century church in Romanesque style which is one of the oldest in Sibenik.
Church Mother of God
The Church of Our Lady was built on the site where in the medieval times there was a cemetery and a small church of sv. Cosmas and Damiana. The existing building dates back to the 18th century.
Church and monastery of sv. Francis
Church and monastery of sv. Francis built in the second half 14th century. These religious buildings are located in the southeast historical center. The church is a spacious one-story building in the style of Gothic without architectural decorative items. In the 15th century, on the north side, a chapel was added. St. Cross.
Fortresses and forts
Fortress of sv. Michael
Fortress of sv. Michael – the oldest defensive structure Sibenik, located on a high rocky hill with stunning overlooking the medieval old town. The fort was founded over 9 centuries. backwards The oldest surviving parts date from the 13th century, but most of the surviving walls and structures refer to 15 and 16 century. Fortress of sv. Michael was the main defensive structure medieval city.
Fortress of sv. Nikolay
Fortress of sv. Nicholas is located at the entrance to the channel of sv. Anthony and was built in the middle of the 16th century as a defense against attacks Turks from the sea. This Venetian military style fort is one of the strongest Adriatic strongholds.
Fortress of sv. John’s
Fortress of sv. John is located on a hill 115 meters high in northern part of the old town. It was built in the middle of 17 century the project of the Venetian military engineer Leni.
The fortress Barone was built by the citizens of Sibenik in 1646 two months before the attack of the Turks.
Interesting places and buildings
The central square is the heart of the old city, the center of public social life of Šibenik since the Middle Ages and the battlefield in 1378 during the siege of the Venetians. On the square is located City Hall, several interesting historical buildings and the Cathedral St. Jacob
Town Hall – one of the most beautiful buildings of the Central Square (besides the Cathedral of St. James). This is a great example of architecture. Renaissance with beautiful large columns, arches and a balustrade built in the middle of the 16th century by a famous architect Michele Sanmicheli.
Also an interesting place is the area of four wells. Wells were built in the middle of the 15th century to provide the population water during numerous sieges.
Among the ancient palaces of Sibenik, the most impressive are the palace of the duke (a medieval gothic building that was residence of the Venetian ruler) and the palace of bishops (Gothic-Renaissance building of the 15th century).
Ethnic Village – ethnographic complex of traditional stone houses, which “tells” about the life and life of the medieval Dalmatia.
Maps and guides