Sheffield (United Kingdom) – the most detailed information about the city with a photo. The main attractions of Sheffield with a description, guides and maps.
Sheffield City (UK)
Sheffield is a city in the UK in South Yorkshire. Located in Central England in the valley of the Don River at the foot Derbyshire hills. Sheffield is an old industrial city which in the past was the center of heavy industry. However now there are almost no smoking pipes and factories. Now Sheffield is one of the most green cities of Europe. More than half of its territory is green zone. In addition, part of the city is part of Peak District National Park. Sheffield is now famous innovative and high-tech industries, cultural events, high-quality steel and fine dining instrumentation.
- Geography and climate
- Practical information
- Maps and guides
- Comments and reviews
Geography and climate
Sheffield is located in the central part of England on the territory East Yorkshire. The city is located on the River Shif, which is tributary of the Don. Sheffield is on a hilly plain at the foot Penninsky mountains. It has a temperate maritime climate with cool summers and mild winter. Sheffield is the greenest city in England. On his more than 150 woodlands, more than 75 parks and 10 gardens.
Panorama of the city
- The population is more than 570 thousand people (the fourth in number population of the city of England).
- The area is 367.94 km².
- Currency – pound sterling.
- English language.
- Time – UTC 0, in the summer +1.
- The UK is not a party to the Schengen Agreement. Visa can be obtained by personally visiting an accredited visa centers that are located in Moscow, Novosibirsk, St. Petersburg, Rostov-on-Don and Yekaterinburg.
- Sheffield Doncaster Airport is one of the youngest in Great Britain. It is located 25 minutes from the city center and connects it with Dublin, Alicante, Amsterdam, Paris, Dubrovnik, Malaga, Gdansk, Bucharest, Poznan, Wroclaw, Riga, Vilnius. Airports are located relatively close Manchester, Leeds and Nottingham.
- Sheffield is a major railway junction in England. Get here by train you can from London, Manchester, Lester, Edinburgh and many other British cities.
- Meadowhall in Sheffield – one of the largest shopping centers England (more than 250 stores). It is visited annually about 30 million person.
- Main shopping street and districts: High Street, Fargate and Peace Gardens.
- Sheffield is famous for inexpensive (by the standards of England) institutions catering and a variety of pubs (from traditional British establishments to modern bars).
Sheffield was founded in the 8th century by the fusion of the Anglo-Saxon and Norman settlements that arose on the border of kingdoms Mercia and Elmet. In the 11th century, the Normans conquered England and founded here is a castle, around which a small town was formed, which became core of modern Sheffield. In the 13th century, he received the right to market trade and fairs.
In the 14th century, Sheffield gained fame through the production of knives and steel products. By the 16th century, the city became the center of the British production of cutlery. In the 18th century, Sheffield turned into one of the largest centers of metallurgical production in Britain Industrial development continued in the 19th century and became cause of the rapid growth of the city. In 1893, Sheffield received the status City. Industrial production was the main branch of the city until World War II.
The Town Hall is an impressive neo-renaissance Victorian building, built in 1897 and expanded in the 20s of the 20th century. it a real symbol of the city, which is notable for its high tower, crowned with a statue of the blacksmith Vulcan.
To the east of the town hall is Tudor Square, where several museums, theaters and public buildings. To the north lies castle square with underground shopping centers.
Sheffield Cathedral (St. Peter and Paul) – the cathedral in late gothic style, built in the 15th century on the site of the parish churches of the 11th century. The nave was completed in the 18th century. The church contains a number interesting religious artifacts and objects of art.
Cathedral of sv. Mary’s
Cathedral of sv. Mary – a magnificent church in the style of the Gothic Renaissance, located in the heart of the city. Building dates from 1850 year and has a beautiful interior.
House of Bishops
The Bishops’ House is a small medieval half-timbered house of the 15th century, which is one of the few ancient buildings of Sheffield. Now within its walls is a small museum.
The Botanical Garden is one of the most picturesque places of Sheffield which contains about 5,000 plant species from Australia, Asia and South Africa. Another popular place is the Winter Garden – the largest array of greenhouses in the UK, which grows more than 2000 plant species.
“Almaz” – a bright building in the style of modern architecture, in which is the engineering department of the local university.
Weston Park – the largest museum in Sheffield, which houses art gallery with an impressive collection of works art.
Abbeydale Industrial Hamlet – Charming Victorian 18th century village, located near Sheffield. This is museum open-air, including warehouses, workers’ houses, water wheels and workshops where you can learn about the production of steel braid
Maps and guides