Segovia (Spain) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Segovia with a description, guides and cards.
City of Segovia (Spain)
Segovia is a city in central Spain in an autonomous community Castile and Leon. Located on a rocky base between the rivers. Eresma and Clamores 90 km north-west of Madrid. Segovia is romantic, beautiful and ancient city, the historical center of which surrounded by a wall and kept amazing sights and monuments of culture. Ancient Roman Aqueduct (is an object Unesco World Heritage Site), fairytale castle, impressive cathedral, exquisite Romanesque churches and mystical monasteries testify about the rich cultural and historical heritage. Segovia is one of the best destinations for day trips from Madrid and, certainly one of the most beautiful cities in Spain, which is exactly worth to visit.
- Geography and climate
- Best time to visit
- Practical information
- How to get there
- Food and drink
- Maps and guides
- Comments and reviews
Geography and climate
Segovia is located at the foot of the Sierra de Guadarrama Mountains elevations in the valley of the Eresma and Clamores rivers. Climate – transitional between the Mediterranean and the Mediterranean oceanic. Summer hot and dry, the winter is cool with slight frosts.
Panorama of Segovia
Best time to visit
Best time to visit: April-June and September October.
- The population is 51.8 thousand people.
- The area is 163.59 square kilometers.
- The language is Spanish.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
Segovia was founded by the Romans in 80 BC. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, these territories belonged to the Visigoths. From 8 through the 11th century, Segovia was ruled by the Moors. It is believed that with the beginning of the Arab invasion of the Pyrenees was abandoned.
Winter in Segovia
In 1085, Segovia was conquered by the king of Castile, Alfonso VI, who moved his residence here. In 1474 there was crowned Isabella I. In 1475 in Segovia was signed agreement between Fernando of Aragon and Isabella of Castile, which is an important historical event for the whole of Spain.
The end of the Middle Ages is the heyday of the city. Here textile industry is developing, magnificent churches, monasteries and castles. Economic prosperity continued until the end of the 16th century, then replaced by the strongest decline. By the 17th century The population of Segovia decreased by 3 times.
How to get there
The nearest major airport is located in Madrid. Segovia has regular bus and train service to the capital Spain, Salamanca, Avila, Valladolid.
Food and drink
In Segovia you can try typical Castilian cuisine: Cochinillo (roasted pig), Iberian sausages, Judiones (stewed beans), beef steaks, salads from seasonal vegetables. In Many cafes serve tapas.
Attractions in the old town of Segovia Antiquity, the period of the Moors and Castile.
Roman aqueduct – a symbol of Segovia, monumental, ancient construction, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was built in the 50s of our era during the reign of the Flavians. it the ancient engineering structure has stood the test perfectly time and preserved in excellent condition. Its design includes more than 20 thousand granite blocks and 167 arches. Aqueduct is one of the largest existing Roman buildings in Spain and was built to supply water from the Azebed river to the antique city.
Alcazar – one of the most beautiful and famous the sights of Segovia, the majestic medieval fortress on a steep rock. Some believe that its architecture This building resembles a castle in Disneyland. Initially here there was a military fortress. The existing castle was built in 12th century and served as a residence for Alfonso VIII and other Castilian kings. The castle was expanded in the Gothic style in 13 century. The last restructuring dates back to the 16th century. Entrance to the castle located at Torre de Juan II, a tower of the 14th century, surrounded by ten semicircular towers. Raising the tower of John II will reward you stunning panoramas of segovia.
The old city of Segovia is surrounded by powerful medieval walls. These fortifications were built in 11-12 centuries of limestone. Gears walls include towers and several entrance gates. The oldest gate: San Andrés, San Chebrián and Santiago. Part of the walls is available for visits
Like many old Castilian cities, Segovia had enough a large Jewish community. The old Jewish quarter is in the Plaza de la Merced area and enchants with the unique medieval the atmosphere. Here you can see fragments of an ancient synagogue, visit the Museum of Fine Arts and stroll through the maze old streets.
The Royal Mint is one of the oldest commercial buildings of Spain. It was founded in the 16th century by Philip II and designed by Juan de Herrera. Now located here the museum.
Casa de los Picos (Peak House)
Casa de los Picos – 15th century aristocratic mansion with unusual facade. Now here is an art school. and showroom.
Royal Palace in San Ildefonso
The royal palace at San Ildefonso can be called Spanish Versailles. It was built in the 18th century by Philip V as royal residence. The palace is an excellent example. French Baroque. Visitors can see the throne room and luxurious lounges, magnificent Flemish, French and Spanish tapestries, a church with a marble tomb of Philip V. Royal the palace is located in the town of San Ildefonso 10 km from Segovia.
The cathedral is a magnificent late gothic church, located at the highest point of Segovia. The cathedral was built in 16th century and is considered the last religious building in the Gothic style in Spain. The building is built of yellow stone, has magnificent architecture, beautiful facade, bright stained glass windows and rich interior. The architecture stands out in particular the high 100-meter tower. Beautiful sculptures, works of art and altars adorn the numerous chapels of the cathedral, which are closed with bars. The main altar is made of marble, jasper and bronze. In the cathedral also There is an archive in which more than 500 antique books are stored. The Cathedral of Segovia is located on the Plaza Mayor, in the heart old town. This area is a labyrinth of winding medieval streets that are also worth exploring.
Church San martin
San Martin is a beautiful ancient church of the 12th century, which is an example of Romanesque and Gothic architecture. Contains gothic chapel with the tombs of the Herrera family. The church is located on the picturesque little square of San Martin with a fountain decorated sculptures of two mermaids. In a house with four arched galleries born Juan Bravo, one of the leaders of the commune (uprising Castilian cities).
Vera Cruz – a magnificent Romanesque church on a small road outside the historic center of Segovia. Was founded Knights Templar in the 13th century. The church is strict and simple interior, mystical atmosphere and vaults in the style of Mudejar.
Parral is a 15th century monastery located among the picturesque hills outside the old city. It was founded by Henry IV and combines the architectural styles of Gothic and Renaissance. Main chapel monastery – gothic. The tower is crowned with epoch ornaments. Renaissance. Around the main altar are complex alabaster. sculptures.
San Esteban is the most famous Romanesque church of Segovia with a high tower of six arched segments and a spire. Located in the old town north of the Plaza Mayor.
San Millan is a typical 12th century Romanesque church with three naves and three apses. Located outside the historical the center of Segovia in the old Moorish quarter. In the interior Presents exquisite works of art Mudejar, horseshoe arches and an interesting gothic crucifix of the 14th century.
San Juan de los Caballeros
San Juan de los Caballeros is an 11th century Romanesque church, which it was once the burial place of the leading families of Segovia. Now here is the museum of artists Zuloaga (Ignacio and Daniel).
The church of San Giusto is the pearl of Romanesque architecture with powerful square tower. It was built in the 13th century and was an important stop on the medieval trail of pilgrimage of st. Jacob in Santiago de Compostela.
San Clemente – the refined Romanesque church of the 13th century, located outside the ancient walls of Segovia. In the interior there is interesting apse with blind arches and beautiful ancient frescoes
Maps and guides
Map of Segovia Museums and attractions Hyde of Segovia on spanish with map