Salzburg, Austria: the most detailed information about the city Salzburg, the main attractions with photos and descriptions, location on the map.

City Salzburg (Austria)

Salzburg is a city in Austria located in its western part near the border with Germany. It is the birthplace of the great Mozart and one from the cultural centers of Europe, attracting millions of tourists, who want to plunge into the magical atmosphere of baroque music and art. Salzburg is a unique city in which harmonious beautiful natural landscapes combined ancient architecture, art and culture, as well as traditions and modernity.

Salzburg is primarily known for being born here. The legendary composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. In addition, the city famous for its cultural events and festivals. Lovers architecture and history Salzburg will surprise old streets the historical center and the masterpieces of baroque that go into UNESCO World Heritage List. Separately worth mention the local nature. She’s just awesome! Salzburg located on the banks of the river Salzach. Here are mountain landscapes face the plains, and the northern foot of the Alps are located so it is close that sometimes it seems you can reach out with your hand.

Panorama Salzburg Panorama Salzburg

  1. Best time to visit
  2. How to get there?
  3. Salzburg Tourist Map
  4. Shopping and shopping
  5. Story
  6. UNESCO World Heritage
  7. City of mozart
  8. Salzburg Summer Festival
  9. Salzburg for the Christmas holidays
  10. Kitchen, Food and Drink
  11. Sights of Salzburg
  12. Salzburg Guide

Best time to visit

Salzburg is beautiful at any time of the year and season. April to October is warm enough here. You can walk around the city, so and go on a journey through the neighborhood. Winter in salzburg very nice and not very cold.

In the summer and in December-January there is a high season in Salzburg. To enjoy the city and save a little better plan travel in March-April or October-November.

Winter in Salzburg Winter in Salzburg

How to get there?

The city of Salzburg has an international airport which is located 5.5 km from the city center. Buses 2, 8 and 27 for a fee of 2 Euros will be delivered to the historic center in less than 20 minutes. Also you can first fly to Vienna airport, and to Salzburg to get by train.

Trains are one of the most popular vehicles in Austria. A number of routes go to Salzburg Budapest, Linz, Innsbruck, Munich, Vienna and Zurich.

Popular train routes to Salzburg:

  • Budapest-Salzburg: daily, departure every two hours, travel time – 5 h 12 min
  • Munich-Salzburg: daily, departure every two hours, travel time -1 h 28 min
  • Stuttgart-Salzburg: daily, departure every two hours, travel time – 4 h 01 min
  • Frankfurt-Salzburg: daily, travel time – 5 h 39 min
  • Zurich-Salzburg: daily, departure every two hours, time on the road – 5 h 23 min
  • Ljubljana-Salzburg: 3 times a day, travel time – 4 h 25 min (transfer to Villach)
  • Zagreb-Salzburg: 2 times a day, travel time – 6 h 53 min (transfer to Villach)
  • Venice-Salzburg: 3 times a day (change in Villach), time on the way -6 h 28 min.

Panorama Salzburg Panorama Salzburg

Here you can see the schedule and buy tickets. -https: //

Buses are convenient to get from Munich or nearby cities Germany. In Austria, the bus service is not very popular. And even from Vienna there are not many bus routes to Salzburg.

Salzburg Tourist Map

Download tourist map of Salzburg

Shopping and shopping

The most famous shopping streets of Old Salzburg – Getreidegasse and Linzer Gasse will offer you excellent shopping. Here located shops of brands such as Louis Vuitton, Prada, Hermès, as well as a variety of boutiques, jewelry stores, etc. For shopping and souvenir lovers open doorsmore than 900 shops selling rare books, local delicacies and much another.

Cult places:

  • Höllrigl – Austria’s oldest bookstore
  • Josef Holzermayr Patisserie on the Old Market Square
  • Kirchtag – leather goods

Salzburg Markets

  • Universitätsplatz – vegetables and fruits
  • Kajetanerplatz – farm products (every Friday)
  • Christmas (seasonal) market on Cathedral Square (Domplatz)

Nature of Salzburg Nature Salzburg

Shopping centers:

  • EUROPARK – more than 140 shops and restaurants, 1000 international brands Scotch & Soda, Zara Home, Bershka, Hollister, Superdry, Tommy Hilfiger, Swarovski, Liebeskind Berlin.
  • Shopping Arena, Alpenstraße – 70 stores, 5 minutes to bus from the city center
  • Designer Outlet Salzburg – discounts from 30 to 70%. Located between the airport and the city center


The first settlements on the site of modern Salzburg existed since the time of the Neolithic. Later the Celts settled here, who were conquered by the Romans in the 1st century BC. The city was named Juvanum. AT 5 century AD The city was captured by the Rugiye tribe.

In the 7th century, the Bavarian Duke granted these lands to Bishop Rupert, who founded several monasteries, later became the center medieval city. In the 8th century, Salzburg became episcopal. residence and received a modern name associated with the main fishing – mining salt deposits.

In the 11th century began the history of the city card Fortress Hohensalzburg.

In the 13th century, Salzburg became part of the Holy Roman Empire in status of the principality. Later, the city becomes independent episcopal state. Final independence from bavaria was reached in the 14th century. It is interesting that in times of greatest the heyday of episcopal power spread far beyond modern Salzburg and its environs. Archbishops ruled these lands until the early 19th century.

Salzburg is the real capital of European Baroque Salzburg – the real capital of European baroque

The greatest flourishing of Salzburg came in the 16-17 centuries. Exactly at this time the city gained the status of the baroque capital of Europe. Archbishops, inspired by the architecture of Rome, invited Italian masters, which rebuilt the historic center in the Baroque style.

In the 15th century, the first brewery was built in Salzburg. The main the income remained salt extraction.

The power of the bishops ceased during the Napoleonic wars. AT 1810 the former principality became part of Bavaria, and after 6 years – Austria, which is still in composition.

World War II, despite the bombing of the city, hardly damaged the main sights Salzburg.

Salzburg at night Salzburg at night

UNESCO World Heritage

Often the city of Salzburg is called “Northern Rome”. And this totally deserved. The city on the Salzach River is one of the capitals of European art and culture, and close ties with Italy emphasizes architecture. The old city of Salzburg goes to UNESCO World Heritage List. Beautiful baroque churches, good preserved medieval houses of burghers and spacious squares fascinate even the most exacting tourist.

City of mozart

Salzburg is the city of Mozart, in which he was not only born and has grown, but has truly become part of the urban culture.In the name of the great composer called square, candy, rubber ducks for the bathroom, ice cream. AT home on Getraydegasse, in which the future genius of music was born, now a museum is open. It is possible to plunge into the atmosphere of the 18th century and explore exhibits related to the life and work of the great composer.

Monument to Mozart Monument to Mozart

To take a trip to the Mozart places of Salzburg start your route on the Mozartplatz. Here at number 8 lived the widow of the composer Constanze. Visit the house-museum in which little Amadeypavivilsya to the light. Next you can go to cemeterySt. Peter, where his sister Nannerl is buried. On cemetery Sebastian found the last rest his father and wife.

Salzburg Summer Festival

Salzburg Summer Festival – one of the most famous cultural events of the city. He turns for a few weeks Salzburg to the world capital of musical culture. Salzburg Summer Festival – more than 200 events: opera, performances, concerts Schedule and watch the program on the official website -http: //

Christmas holidays in Salzburg

Salzburg is a city with amazing Christmas. atmosphere. City lights and decorations from the streets The flavors of hot mulled wine, spices and muffin. Christmas holidays in Salzburg are magical memories. Therefore, this is the highest tourist season. It is important – plan such a trip for about six months.

Be sure to visit the Christmas market at the Cathedral Square and the Residenzplatz . Cozy Christmas markets in the fortress of Hohensalzburg and near the park Mirabell. AT In general, in Salzburg you will feel the spirit of Christmas to the full.

Salzburg for Christmas Salzburg on Christmas

Kitchen, Food and Drink

Enjoy the cuisine in Salzburg are invited to private breweries, cozy cafes, expensive restaurants, fun bars. Here is everything for gastronomic tourism. And whether you are a gourmet, gourmet, unpretentious to food man or fashionable party-goer in Salzburg nobody will go hungry.

The main and most famous Salzburg dessert isMotsartkugel – green pistachio marzipan With a thin layer of nougat, covered with delicious chocolate icing. Another iconic dessert is Salzburg Nockerly – traditional burghery delicacy that represents three soufflé baked in the oven until the appearance of the crust i sprinkled with powdered sugar.

The main soft drink is coffee. If you want to feel the atmosphere of an old Austrian coffee house, then welcome to “Tomaselli” at Alten Markt (Market Square). Also a cozy atmosphere and old traditions can boast a cafe “Bazar”, “Sacher”, located on embankment of the river Salzach, confectionery “Schatz” between the street. Getreidegasse and Green Market, as well as „Wernbacher“ on st. Franz Joseph.

The most popular alcoholic drink is beer. And it is not worse here than in neighboring Czech Republic and Germany. Beer in Salzburg brewed from the end of 15 century. Currently there are 10 breweries in the city. The oldest among them is Stiegl, which has existed since 1492 of the year. The largest beer restaurant in Austria is located just in Salzburg -Augustinerbroy. Honestly, local beer almost in all taverns – excellent.

Salzburg tavern map

The most popular alcoholic drink is beer. And it is not worse here than in neighboring Czech Republic and Germany. Beer in Salzburg brewed from the end of 15 century. Currently there are 10 breweries in the city. The oldest among them is Stiegl, which has existed since 1492 of the year. The largest beer restaurant in Austria is located just in Salzburg -Augustinerbroy. Honestly, local beer almost in all taverns – excellent.

Salzburg tavern map

Restaurant / Cafe menu with traditional and Austrian cuisine

Sights of Salzburg

Salzburg is not only the city in which it was born and raised Mozart, the center of cultural events and festivals. This place is high Concentration of interesting and famous attractions: Hohensalzburg Fortress, Mozart Museum, Getreidegasse and Palace Helbrunn. Also one big attraction can be called historic center of Salzburg. This is a real baroque pearl. Europe. The old city (churches, houses, gardens and fountains) was rebuilt by orders of archbishops 17th and 18th centuries.

View of the Hohensalzburg Fortress View of the fortress Hohensalzburg

Hohensalzburg is the visiting card of Salzburg and one of the main its sights. Emerged in the 11th century, the ancient fortress For centuries, following the city from the top of the mountain Mönchsberg. It is worth noting that Hohensalzburg is the largest of all preserved medieval fortresses of Central Europe.

The beginning of the construction of the fortress Hohensalzburg dates back to 1077 year and associated with the Prince-Archbishop Gebhart. On over the centuries, the fortress was constantly rebuilt and expanded until, at the beginning of the 16th century, Leonhard von Koichach gave it to modern look. The fortress was created for defensive functions. Interestingly, throughout its long history never been taken.

Hohensalzburg is open to visitors all year round.

Operation mode:

  • From January to April and from October to December from 9:30 to 5:00 pm
  • From May to September from 9:00 to 19:00
  • Christmas Holidays and Easter from 9:30 to 18:00

Fortress Hohensalzburg Fortress Hohensalzburg

In the fortress, in addition to the wonderful panoramas of the city, you can look at well-preserved medieval chambers, a museum with the historical artifacts of the archbishops’ lives, weapons and uniform of the city regiment. Highly recommend to climb nafuniculere fortress located on the street side Festungsgasse.

Buy tickets to Hohensalzburg Fortress online and find out the cost -http: //

Palace and park complex MirabelPalace and park complex Mirabel

On the right bank of the Salzach River is one of the most romantic places of the city – the palace and park complex Mirabell. Built at the beginning of the 17th century by Wolf Dietrich as a gift his sweetheart, he offers a look at the beautiful baroque palace and park. This place is a real dream for those who want to. to arrange an unforgettable wedding. Archbishops Parade considered one of the most beautiful wedding venues in the world. Mirabell Park is a beautiful baroque park in the heart of Salzburg, founded at the end of the 17th century. From here open up Stunning views of the old town and the mountain Mönchsberg.

Mirabell Palace and Park ComplexPalace and park complex Mirabel

In the park:

  • Pegasus Fountain
  • Big fountain
  • Summer theater
  • Garden of dwarfs
  • Rose garden
  • Greenhouse

Getraydegasse Getreidegasse

In the heart of the Old Town is a charming old Getraydegasse street. Except the house where Mozart was born, here there are fashion stores, cozy cafes and restaurants. On this street You can not only enjoy the atmosphere of the Old Salzburg, but also relax in the cozy cafes or go shopping.

The palace and park complex HelbrunnPalace and park complex Helbrunn

Another beautiful and romantic place is the palace Hellbrunn with mighty fountains. Located south the outskirts of Salzburg on the eponymous mountain. The palace and park were conceived as the summer residence of the archbishops and built in 1615 year. A large palace park is a synthesis natural landscape gardening landscape. This is a great place. for walking and sports.

Historical streets and squares

  • Alter Markt is one of the oldest squares in Salzburg. The old the market square is surrounded by the old medieval houses of the rich burghers. In the center is the Florian’s Fountain. Interesting what’s your functions it performs so far.
  • Domplatz & Marienstatue – the most beautiful square of the old town, Baroque.
  • Getreidegasse
  • Linzergasse – the old street on the right bank of the river Salzach with beautiful architecture.
  • Mozartplatz is a square named after the great composer. In the center of the square stands the monument to Mozart.
  • Residenzplatz is a historic square in the heart of the Old Salzburg. Main Attractions – Residence archbishops and a beautiful fountain, which is considered one of the most significant Baroque monuments in modern Europe.

Residenzplatz Residenzplatz

Churches of Salzburg

Salzburg Cathedral is the main church of the city. Masterpiece of the Sacred architecture with a mighty dome and two towers that dominate the guise of Salzburg.

Salzburg Cathedral Salzburg Cathedral

Salzburg Cathedral is an impressive example. monumental early baroque architecture. The current cathedral was built in the 17th century. Although his story began in the 8th century. AT the cathedral museum presents rarities associated with the 1300-year-old the history of this religious structure. Entrance to the cathedral is free. Mode of operation from 8.00 to 17.00 (in the summer until 19.00).

University Church University church

The university church is a beautiful baroque temple, built in the first half of the 18th century.

Capuchin monastery towers over the city on top Kapuzinerberg. At first a fortified was formed here. construction until at the end of the 16th century archbishop Wolf Dietrich was not called for capuchin monks. The monastery is built on a mountain peak in simple and modest architectural style. However, the monastery the Capuchins with a protruding bastion towering over the city, and the forest in the background is one of the business cards Salzburg.

Monastery Nonnberg Monastery Nonnberg

Monastery Nonnberg – one of the oldest monasteries of Salzburg, who played an important role in the development of the city. Built in spirit Gothic on Romanesque foundations. Here preserved magnificent 10-11 century frescoes, which are among the most significant Romanesque paintings on Austrian land.

Franciscan Church Franciscan church

The Franciscan Church is one of the oldest temples in the city, which is perhaps even older than Salzburg Cathedral. This slim Gothic church in which you can find traces of the Romanesque architecture to modern details.

Church of sv. Sebastian is a small baroque temple. The church was originally built in the late gothic style in early 16th century. Rebuilt in the Baroque style in the 18-19 centuries.


  • Mozart Museum – Mozarts Geburtshaus Getreidegasse 9 5020 Salzburg
  • Mozart Residence – Mozart-Wohnhaus Makartplatz 8 5020 Salzburg
  • Museum of Natural History and Technology – Haus der Natur Museumsplatz 5 5020 Salzburg
  • Museums Suburban Quarter – DomQuartier Salzburg Residenzplatz 1 / Domplatz 1a 5020 Salzburg
  • Salzburg Museum – Salzburg Museum Neue Residenz, Mozartplatz 1 5020 Salzburg
  • Museum of Contemporary Art Salzburg Monschberg Mountain – Museum der Moderne Salzburg – Mönchsberg Mönchsberg 32 5020 Salzburg

Salzburg Guide

Maps and guides

Public transport scheme Detailed map of Salzburg Sights of Salzburg on the map

Location on the map

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