Rouen (France) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Rouen with descriptions, guidebooks and cards.
Rouen City (France)
Rouen is a city in northern France and the center of the Upper region. Normandy. Famous for its winding old streets and picturesque half-timbered houses, sights of medium centuries and the modern era, the pearls of Gothic architecture and the incredible cathedral that inspired Monet. Rouen – it is the historical capital of Normandy, which is notorious as place of execution Joan of Arc. This is one of the most beautiful cities in France. rich in history and cultural life.
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Geography and climate
Rouen is located in the north of France on the banks of the Seine, 135 km from Of Paris. The old town is located on the right bank of the river. North part quite hilly. The climate is temperate marine. Winters in Rouen soft, and summer is warm, but not hot.
Panorama of Rouen
- The population is more than 110 thousand people.
- The area is 21.38 km².
- The language is French.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
- Rouen is 1.5 hours drive from Paris on a paid motorway A13.
- Every Saturday and Sunday in the square of sv. Brand is held market. Products can be purchased at Vieux Marche.
The settlement on the site of the modern Rouen appeared over 2,000 years back (most likely before the conquest of Gaul by the Romans) was center of the Celtic Velikokassov tribe. The city was founded in the period of the reign of Octavian Augustus and quickly turned into a second largest settlement in Gaul after Lugdun (Lyon). Rouen reached bloom to the 3rd century AD Here were built terms, an amphitheater and other facilities. The end of the prosperity of the Roman city put the invasion of the Germans in the 4th century.
In the 9th century, the Normans often visited the mouth of the Seine, who several times looted and burned Rouen. In 911, the city became the capital formed by the Vikings of the Duchy of Normandy. In 941 the duke of normandy richard i defeated the united army of the king of france Louis IV, Emperor of the Ottomans, the Germans, and Count of Flanders. In the 10th century, Rouen turned into a major port city. For Normandy’s independence period most of the time was the capital of the duchy.
Streets of Rouen
In 1204, Rouen was occupied by French troops. This year all Normandy was annexed to France. In the 13th century the city flourished thanks to the river trade and textile industry. Rouen merchants owned a monopoly on navigating the Seine almost to Of Paris. At the end of the 13th and 14th centuries, there were several uprisings due to high taxes. After the last one, local merchants lost everything. their privileges.
During the Hundred Years War, Rouen was occupied by the British and joined to the possessions of the English king. May 30, 1431 here at the stake Jeanne d’Arc was burned. Normandy again became part of France only in 1449. After the end of the Hundred Years War, Rouen significantly rebuilt. In the 15th – 16th centuries there were erected beautiful gothic buildings. At this time the city thrives on fisheries, cloth production and fairs.
During the Huguenot Wars, a part of the population of Rouen joined the Reformation. Tension between Catholics and Protestants suppressed regular troops, which in 1562 entered Rouen and three day robbed the city. In 1572 (despite the attempts of urban authorities to prevent the massacre) Catholics dealt with Huguenots
During the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, Rouen was occupied German troops. During the First World War, there was English military base. During World War II, Rouen was occupied by German troops from 1940 to 1944. In this period the city was repeatedly bombed by Allied aviation. Due to the bombing historical quarters were destroyed and some attractions. Restoration of Rouen lasted 15 years old.
Rouen is known for the gorgeous old town, on the charming medieval streets of which you can touch its rich stories and enjoy the authentic atmosphere. The city has survived about 2,000 old half-timbered buildings. Of these, 227 are declared in as historical monuments. According to the number of attractions objects of architectural and cultural heritage of Rouen included in the TOP-10 cities of france.
The Cathedral is one of the largest and most impressive. Gothic cathedrals of France, located in the heart of the old city. The church began to build in the 13th century. Interestingly, the construction was completed only in the 16th century. The cathedral has the highest spire among the French churches (151 meters), original stained glass windows and wonderful gothic facade.
Saint-Ouen – Benedictine abbey, famous for its impressive 14th century church, which is considered a late architectural masterpiece gothic The church has a striking gothic facade and 80 exquisite stained glass windows.
Aître Saint-Maclou – one of the most mysterious and gloomy sights of Rouen. This is a medieval building in which Now there is a school of fine arts. Its origins go back to 1348 and the plague epidemic, which killed a third of the townspeople. The space that is now the courtyard, once used for burial of the dead as a result of the disease, and surrounding buildings served as crypts. Building galleries decorated with creepy decor with skulls, bones, grave-digging tools and funeral items.
Palace of Justice
Palace of Justice – a Gothic masterpiece and and a great example medieval civil architecture built at the beginning of 16 century. The building has a magnificent balustrade and an elegant facade, decorated with figures of gargoyles.
Big tower with for hours
The big clock tower is one of the main symbols of Rouen. The gothic bell tower was built in 1389 for defensive goals, and astronomical clocks are dated 1889 year. Interesting that watches still perform their function.
Church of Saint-Macloo
Church of Saint-Macloo – the pearl of Gothic architecture, located within walking distance of the cathedral. It was built in 1437 and is dedicated to the Breton patron. The church has a remarkable gothic facade and structure. The wooden doors of the Renaissance are intricately decorated with biblical plots.
Joan of Arc Church
Joan of Arc Church – an interesting modern church, located on the Place Vieux-Marche. It was here that was burned to bonfire national heroine of France. Therefore the building is shaped flame of fire. Inside the church are impressive stained glass era Renaissance.
Jeanne’s Tower – the only remaining part of the medieval castle built by Philip Auguste in 1207. Big and The imposing cylindrical tower has three rooms and an attic. It is believed that here, in the dungeon, was Jeanne d’Arc.
Saint Andre Tower
Saint-André Tower – all that remains of the medieval gothic Church of St. Andrew, built between the 15th and 16th centuries.
Church of sv. Nicasia
Church of sv. Nicasia is a 16th century gothic church. The building was badly damaged during a fire in 1934, after which there was significantly rebuilt.
Church of sv. Viviana
Church of sv. Viviana – medieval three-nave gothic Church built in 1358 and expanded in the 15th century. On The northern side preserved a medieval manhole, where mothers could leave newborn babies to be taken care of.
Church of sv. Godard
Church of sv. Godard – a medieval parish church in style bright gothic and renaissance. It was built in the 13th century on the site of more ancient religious buildings. The church has a three-nave. structure and beautiful stained glass windows of the 16th and 19th centuries.
Saint-Laurent is a beautiful medieval Gothic church, built in the 15th century. The bell tower was built between 1490 – 1501 for years. The church was desecrated during the Great French revolution when used as a stable. Here now there is a museum of metal structures.
Church of sv. Eloya
Church of sv. Eloy – a medieval gothic church of the 16th century, located on Martin Luther King Square. Is an Protestant.
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