Reims (France) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Reims with a description, guides and cards.
City of Reims (France)
Reims is a city in the north-east of France in the Grand Est region. it one of the most popular places in the historic Champagne region, which combines a vivid history and the charm of a small city. Reims is an inspiring architecture and rich cultural heritage, an abundance of spectacular sights and three UNESCO World Heritage Site. Most of all the city is known magnificent gothic cathedral, which for thousands of years served as the coronation site of the French monarchs.
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Geography and climate
Reims is located in the northwest of the Marne and in the western parts of the historic Champagne region. The city is located between Paris and Germany near the Montagne Nature Reserve. Climate – temperate with warm, dry summers and cool winters with slight frosts.
Panorama of Reims
- The population is more than 180 thousand people.
- Area – 47.02 km ².
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- The language is French.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
- Charles de Gaulle Airport is only 30 minutes from Reims. The city is connected by high-speed railway communication with Paris, Lille, Bordeaux, Strasbourg, and also has excellent transport connection with Lyon, Marseille, Nice, Montpellier.
- In Reims there is a small shopping center Espace d’Erlon. In him there is a Monoprix shop where you can buy champagne for good prices.
- One of the best institutions of national French cuisine – Le Bouillon des Halles.
- Many restaurants and cafes are located in the area of the square. d’Erlon.
Before the Romans arrived in Gaul at the site of modern Reims settled settlement of the Remov Durocorter tribe. When roman the empire of old is expanding to the north, the Rems have become an ally of Rome Interestingly, they retained loyalty to the empire throughout Gallic Wars. Instead, the Romans allowed to keep the rem legislation, religion and governance. When Octavian August the possessions of the rem were incorporated into the province of Belgica, and Durocorter became its capital.
At the time of the Roman Empire, ancient Reims was prosperous. the city. The Romans built city fortifications and many buildings. In the 4th century, the tribes of the Germans invaded the territory of Gaul. But all their attempts to take Durocorter were repelled. In 406, the city fell under the onslaught of the Vandals, and in 451 – the Huns.
Christianity strengthened in Reims in the 3rd century. In the 5th century here The king of the Franks Chlodwig was baptized. In the era of the Merovingians Reims was the capital of the north-eastern part of the Frankish state (Australia). In 719, the city suffered from the invasion of the armies of Karl Martel, in during which were destroyed many monuments of the Roman era.
During the Hundred Years War, the city council was established in Reims, whose main function was to protect the city. After the war the city built and developed. Reims development stalled during Huguenot Wars and continued after the coronation of Louis XIV. In the time of the great French revolution Reims becomes the center training people new formation. Revolutionary riots bypassed city side.
Streets of Reims
In the 20th century, Reims became one of the centers of aviation development. AT during World War I, the city was significantly destroyed by German by the troops. During World War II, Reims was also occupied the Germans from 1940 to 1944.
Reims Cathedral – the main attraction of Reims, which occupies a special position in the whole of French history and Included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. This is one of most important religious buildings of France and the place of the coronation of almost all French monarchs from the 9th to the 19th century. The cathedral is located in the heart old city and is visible from a distance due to the high towers. He is in the place where he once stood The early Christian church of the 5th century, in which Chlodvig was baptized first king of the francs. At the beginning of the 13th century the ancient building was destroyed by fire and a year later began the construction of a new cathedral.
Reims Cathedral is a masterpiece of Gothic architecture and one of the most beautiful churches of France. The modern building dates back to the 13th century and has a huge nave, stained glass and other decorations that create atmosphere of solemnity. On the west side there are three magnificent doorway with a large window-rose. Above them is the iconic “gallery of kings” – a series of statues in niches.
Tau Palace – the Archbishop’s Palace, adjacent to the cathedral and also listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Here the French kings stopped before the ceremony and held banquet after the coronation. The palace was completely rebuilt in the 17th century in neoclassical style. However, the building has survived several medieval halls. The palace is open to the public. Here you can see royal apartments, banquet hall with medieval tapestries, the 13th century chapel in which the talisman of Charlemagne and the bowl of sv. Remy Also in the museum are statues from the Reims Cathedral and tapestries depicting the story of King Clovis.
St. Remi Basilica – the oldest of the existing churches of Reims, built between 1005 and 1049 at the site of an 8th century chapel Carolingian era. It is a masterpiece of early Romanesque architecture and UNESCO World Heritage Site. The church has gothic facade that retained elements of the original romance structure. The building has a harmonious nave of the 11th century and stained glass windows of the 12th century. Here the tomb of st. Remy, who in the Middle Ages attracted many pilgrims. The church was badly damaged during the First world war. The building was restored 40 years.
Mars gate is actually the only attraction period of the Roman Empire in Reims. This Gallo-Roman Triumphal The arch was built in the 3rd century AD. and is the largest structure this kind in the world (33 meters in length). The arch functioned one of the four entrances to ancient Durocorter.
Royal square in Reims
Reims is famous for its elegant squares. The most – of them is the royal square, surrounded by beautiful neoclassical buildings and decorated with a bronze statue of a king Louis XV. A popular place of Reims is the Place d’Erlon, which is famous for its many noisy pubs and restaurants. On her south Side is one of the oldest churches of Reims – Saint-Jacques, built between the 12th and 16th centuries. Other important public space – Republic Square. It is adjoined by an extensive park and Mars gate. To the south of this square is the 17th century Town Hall and Roman crypto portico (underground or covered elevated gallery with arched vault), found on the square of the ancient Roman Forum.
Hôtel Le Vergeur – a unique museum in a medieval mansion 13 century. Here is the Gothic and Renaissance furniture, German Meissen porcelain and oriental art of the 19th century. But The main exhibits of the collection are 50 prints of the famous German Renaissance artist Albrecht Dürer. In the courtyard Museum to see historical architectural artifacts saved from the whole city. For example, the Romanesque arches from the templar church of the 12th century.
Maps and guides
Tourist City Map