Parma (Italy) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Parma with descriptions, guides and cards.
Parma is a city in Northern Italy in the Emilia-Romagna region, located on the banks of the river of the same name northwest of Bologna between the plain of Padana, the Tuscan hills and coast of Liguria. It is one of the main gastronomic centers of Italy, the birthplace of the famous cheese and ham. Parma – an elegant city with a refined atmosphere with a beautiful historical center, rich in art masterpieces, monuments history, culture and parks.
Despite its relatively small size, Parma can boast of a truly monumental architecture rich artistic and historical heritage. Among the main the sights of the city – the magnificent Romanesque Cathedral, frescoed by Correggio, octagonal baptistery (architectural and sculptural masterpiece of Benedetto Anthelimi). it amazingly hospitable city with rich cultural and gastronomic traditions.
Panorama of Parma
- Practical information
- How to get there
- Shopping and shopping
- Food and drink
- Maps and guides
- Comments and reviews
- The population is 174.5 thousand people.
- The area is 260 square kilometers.
- The language is Italian.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
Before the arrival of the Romans on the site of Parma was located the Gallic settlement of the same name. In 183 BC the city was conquered by the romans and quickly became an important trading center. Parma was destroyed by the legions of Mark Antony and restored in the period reign of Augustus. Since then, the city was called Colonia Augustus. The historical name was restored only in Middle Ages.
In the 6th century, Parma became part of the kingdom of the Lombards, and in the 8th century – francs. In 11-13 centuries the city was the scene of the struggle between Guelphs and gibellines In the middle of the 14th century, Parma became the domain of possessions. Visconti. Later, Pope Julius II annexed the city to the Papal area. In the middle of the 16th century, Paul III presented Parma and Piacenza his illegitimate son Pierre Luigi Farnese, who became the first the duke of parma. The Farnese family owned the city for two centuries. In the 18th century, when this dynasty was interrupted, Parma passed first to the king of Spain, and then to the Hapsburgs. In the 19th century the city was some time under the rule of France, in 1860, having entered into united italy. Parma was badly hit by bombing on the end of the Second World War.
Streets of Parma
How to get there
Parma is located in the north of Italy between Milan and Bologna. it A great place to explore Venice, Ferrara, Verona, Turin. Giuseppe Verdi Airport is located 5 km from the historic center. cities. Trains and buses connect Parma with most major Italian and some European cities.
Shopping and shopping
The area of antiques shops is located in the historical center. Cities: Strada Farini, Borgo Maria Luigia, Strada Repubblica: Via XXII Luglio, Via Nazario Sauro and others. In addition, in the old town You can find a lot of shops with clothes, shoes and traditional products.
Large shopping centers:
- Centro Torri on via S. Leonardo, 69 – 40 stores and parking
- Euro Torri on via Bormioli Rocco, 33 / A – 50 stores
Historical Center Parma
Food and drink
Parma is one of the main gastronomic centers of Italy. City famous for its ham and salami (the most famous Prosciutto Crudo), cheeses (most popular Parmigiano-Reggiano), black truffle and wine. Local cuisine is a synthesis of Italian and traditional Parma cuisine: tortelli d’erbetta (thin pasta, filled with chopped spinach and ricotta), punta di vitello (stuffed veal), la vecchia (horse meat with grated cheese and potatoes), parmesan tripe (beef stew with parmesan), spongata (cake made of thin dough with icing), tortel dols. Generally Parma is famous for its food and cuisine. Eat delicious here is not will work.
The historic center of Parma is divided into three major parts: Piazza Garibaldi, which was part of an ancient Roman forum and where The center of the municipality, Piazza Duomo, where you can find the most famous sights and monuments architecture, Piazza Pilotta with the Ducal Palace.
Parma Cathedral – the main temple of Parma, one of the best examples Romanesque architecture in Italy. The cathedral was built in the 12th century. and is known for its magnificent frescoes (especially impressive the fresco of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary by Correggio, written inside the dome). The facade is a series of large decorative arches, and near the cathedral was built 63-meter-high bell tower. Inside there is also a crypt with early Christian mosaics.
Next to the cathedral is the octagonal marble baptistery, which was started in the Romanesque style at the end of the 12th century by Benedetto Andeles and finished in Gothic style almost a century later. it one of the best examples of the development of architecture from the Romanesque to Gothic in Italy. Inside you can look at the colorful frescoes and bas-reliefs of the 13th century.
Piazza Garibaldi is one of the most charming squares in Parma, located south of the cathedral. It stands out gubernatorial palace and church of sv. apostle paul.
Pilotta Palace – a huge palace complex on the eponymous square. This huge brick building was launched at the end of 16 century, but was never completed. Inside is the famous Farnese theater, museums, library and gallery.
John’s Church The theologian
The Church of St. John the Divine – a beautiful Romanesque church of the 16th century pink marble with a high 73-meter tower-bell tower. Inside the building is decorated with Correggio’s masterpieces.
Santa Maria della Steccata
Santa Maria della Steccata – beautiful church in style Renaissance in the historic center of Parma. It was built in the 16th century. Although the external architecture is symmetrical and has several rounded the towers, the interior is quite stunning and has a large number colorful frescoes and ornate decor. Large fresco brush Michelangelo Anselmi.
Parco Ducale – the largest and most beautiful park of Parma, the former once the garden of the ducal palace.
In addition, in Parma you can find a few dozen churches, many other historical buildings and monuments culture.
Maps and guides
Tourist map with landmarks