Olomouc, Czech Republic – detailed information about the city. Guide to Olomoutsu: popular attractions with photos and descriptions.
Olomouc (Olomouc) is an ancient city in the east of the Czech Republic, in the very the center of the historical region of Moravia, one of the most beautiful cities country. This is a city of students, old streets and squares, interesting attractions. Olomouc is very similar to the capital of the Czech Republic – Prague, but it is more comfortable and quieter.
- About city
- How to get there
Panorama of Olomouc
- The population is more than 100 thousand people.
- The area is 103 km².
- Currency – Czech crown.
- The language is Czech.
- Time – UTC + 1, in the summer UTC + 2.
Olomouc is a student city. Per 100 thousand inhabitants It accounts for almost 10 thousand students. Here is one of The oldest universities in the Czech Republic. In addition, Olomouc is very beautiful, cozy city, popular among tourists. Him A special feature is the beautiful old streets, spacious squares. Baroque, built in the 18th century. Also here is enough many parks and green areas.
Olomouc has always been one of the most important royal cities Czech Republic. Due to its convenient location, the presence of an old university and spiritual, cultural and craft traditions on For many centuries, the city became the center of Moravia, which attracted artists, intellectuals and merchants.
Historical center of Olomouc
In the 10th and 12th centuries Olomouc existed as a fortress. But already in 1253 year the city received royal status. Until 1641 the city was the capital of the margrave of Moravia. After the Thirty Years War, Olomouc captured the Swedes, who occupied it for 8 years. During the occupation of the city was very badly damaged. After that Olomouc lost its position in Moravia and the status of the capital of the region moved to Brno.
In 1848, the imperial court temporarily moved to Olomouc Austria-Hungary. Here the Emperor Ferdinand I abdicated the throne in favor of Franz Joseph.
The proximity of the city to Austria largely determined strong German influence. In the 19th century the number of German speakers Olomouc’s population was three times the number of Czechs. Situation changed after World War I, when Olomouc became part of Czechoslovakia. Currently Olomouc is an important economic tourist and cultural center of the region.
How to get to Olomouc
Getting to Olomouc is most convenient from Brno – the distance is only 80 km From Prague, the city is located at a distance of 280 km. Look schedule and buy tickets here – http://jizdnirady.idnes.cz/vlakyautobusymhdvse/spojeni/. Also up to Olomouc can be reached from Krakow.
Dishes from the Olomouc region beckon to local restaurants and try all Moravian dishes. Olomouc cheese and a glass good beer is the main thing in any Olomouc restaurant. Of a rich selection of beers recommend “Moritz” and “Vašek”, which brewed in small brewers right in Olomouc. Sweet lovers for sure please yeast dough dumplings, stuffed with fruit and sprinkled with cottage cheese.
Average prices in Olomouc restaurants
- complex lunch – about 90 Cč
- A la carte dishes – about 150 Kč
- Ready meal – about 120 Kč
- 0.5 l beer – about 33 Kč
- a glass of wine – about 40 Kč
- non-alcoholic drinks and coffee – about 35 Kč
In Olomouc, you can choose a hotel, guest house or apartments. Both hotels and guesthouses are offered for accommodation. and hostels. If you are planning to stay at the hotel, then Double room pay approximately 2000 Kč per night. If you are looking for cozy guest house, the price for a modest double room will be approximately 700-800 CZK crowns per night in a guesthouse in the city center – 1500-2000 Kč. Overnight in the hostel costs from 300 Kč.
In the center of Olomouc there are many shops and retail outlets. where you can buy both Czech and foreign goods. If you If you want to spend the whole day shopping, you can go to One of the Olomouc shopping centers, in which there are many cozy cafes and good restaurants where after a busy day you can well spend time. Credit cards are accepted almost everywhere: in hotels, large restaurants, gas stations, supermarkets and many other stores. You can withdraw cash at an ATM.
Opening hours of small shops on weekdays from 8:00 to 18:00. AT some shops have a lunch break – from 12:00 to 13:00 hours Larger stores and supermarkets close at 20:00. Exceptions – the so-called “evenings” that are open until late nights On Saturdays, shops are open until noon, on Sunday – day off. Shopping centers are open all days of the week from 9:00 to 21:00 hours
Sights of Olomouc
Column of the Most Holy Trinity (Sloup Nejsvětější Trojice) – plague pillar, one of the main attractions of Olomouc. The construction is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The Holy Trinity Column unique work Central European Baroque.
Column Holy Trinity
The Holy Trinity Column is primarily a religious one. monument. It was built in gratitude for ridding the city. from the plague. Construction began in 1716 and lasted 38 years. Architect Wenzel Raeder began building the column, and Johann finished Ignatius Rokitsky.
The column is decorated with a spire with the image of the Holy Trinity. Near holy Trinity statues of the Assumption of the Virgin and the Archangel Gabriel. The base of the column consists of three levels, decorated with 18 stone sculptures of saints and 14 bas-reliefs.
At the top level are sculptures of people associated with the earth. the life of jesus christ. On average – Moravian and Czech the Saints. On the lower level are sculptures of St. Mauritius and St. Wenceslas.
Address: Horní nám. 779 00 Olomouc How to get there: Tram – 1 7, Okresní soud or tram 4 6, Náměstí Hrdinů.
City Hall (Radnice s orlojem) – Town Hall Olomouc with an astronomical clock tower (eagle). The symbol of the economic and political power of Moravia. The town hall was built 6 centuries ago. City Hall dominates the architecture of the historic city center. Next to The building of the Town Hall is the column of the Holy Trinity. Here now the municipal authorities of Olomouc are located.
City town hall
Catholic church of St. Mauritius (Kostel svatého Mořice) – Catholic gothic temple. The history of the temple begins in the middle 13th century. Catholic church of St. Mauritius – a national cultural monument Czech Republic and the largest Late Gothic church Moravia.
Catholic church St. Mauritius
A new church in the Romanesque-Gothic style was erected in place. early Romanesque buildings of the 11th century. South Tower with a bell tower was built in 1403, the north – in 1412. In 1540 after reconstruction, the church acquired a modern look. In the temple located the largest organ in Central Europe.
Olomouc Castle (Olomoucký hrad) – architectural complex on the Wenceslas Hill in Olomouc. National cultural monument of the Czech Republic. The complex also includes the Cathedral St. Wenceslas.
Now the most important parts of the castle are the gothic cathedral of sv. Wenceslas and the partially preserved Romanesque palace. Also here even the remains of the Roman wall to the south of the cathedral have survived. From the north and northeast side on a rocky cliff The remains of stone walls and the Romanesque palace rise. The first The mention of the castle dates back to 1055. In 1302 he was killed the Czech king Vaclav III. In the Middle Ages, the castle lived church know. In 1767 he was visited by a young Mozart.
Address: Václavské nám., 779 00 Olomouc
St. Wenceslas Cathedral (Katedrála svatého Václava) – Olomouc Cathedral, dedicated to St. Wenceslas – patron of the Czech Republic. Initially the church of sv. Wenceslaus was built in Romanesque style in 1140 In the 13th and 14th century, the cathedral received gothic look. In 1883-1892 Architect Gustav Meretta Neo-Gothic details were inserted in the central tower. Tower height Cathedral 100 meters. It is inferior in height only to the tower of the Cathedral of St.. Vita in Prague. Many details of the cathedral are perfectly preserved (Romanesque crypts, gothic arcade, baroque chapel).
Saint Cathedral Wenceslaus
Hradic Monastery (Klášter Hradisko) – a monastery in Olomouc, the national monument of culture of the Czech Republic. Monastery belonged to the Catholic monastic order of premonstrants. He was founded in 1078 and is considered one of the first in Moravia. Founded his Benedictine monks who were expelled from Olomouc in the middle of 12 century. The monastery was given to the premonstrants. Throughout its the long history of the monastery was repeatedly destroyed. In the XVII — XVIII centuries the monastery was restored and rebuilt in the Baroque style. Now in The building of the monastery is located hospital.
Address: Sušilovo nám. 1/5 771 11 Olomouc
The main attractions on the map
A little video of Olomouc
A little video of Olomouc
Maps and guides
Olomouc on the map of the Czech Republic
Locks near Olomouc
Bouzov Castle was founded at the beginning of the 14th century by a noble family from Bouzova. It was abandoned during the Thirty Years War. Restored in the late 19th century.
Address: Bouzov 8 783 25 Bouzov Working hours: From 9.00 to 17.00
Sovinec Castle (hrad Sovinec) – an extensive fortress with complex construction development from the 14th to the 17th century, property Teutonic Order.
Address: Sovinec 58 793 51 Jiříkov Working hours: From 9.00 to 17.00, except monday