Nitra (Slovakia) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Nitra with a description, guides and cards.
City Nitra (Slovakia)
Nitra is the oldest city in Slovakia fourth in population size. It is the most important center of the western part of the country. magnificent monuments of the past, including the castle and several ancient churches. Nitra – one of the most beautiful historical cities Slovakia, which attracts tourists with its sights, wonderful atmosphere and rich cultural life. The city is home to two universities and has a large student population.
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Geography and climate
Nitra is located in the west of Slovakia, 90 km from Bratislava. The city is located on the banks of the river of the same name at the foot of the Tribetsky mountains Nitra has a temperate continental climate with warm summers and in the cool winter.
Panorama of Nitra
- The population is about 80 thousand people.
- The area is 100.48 km2.
- The language is Slovak.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European (UTC +1, summer +2).
- Getting to Nitra is most convenient by bus.
Slavs came here in the 5th century. It was in the vicinity of Nitra that founded the first Slavic settlements in the future Slovakia. In the 7th century, these lands were incorporated into the state. Itself, and later – the Nitran principality, which, in turn, was absorbed by Great Moravia. The first mention of Nitra dates back to 828 year.
After the collapse of Great Moravia, Nitra was incorporated into Kingdom of Hungary. In 1248, the settlement was granted privileges free royal city, which were lost in 1288. In 1271-1272 Nitra was damaged in the wars with the Czech Republic. At 15 century the city became the object of attacks Hussites. In the 16th and 17th centuries Nitra was besieged several times by the Ottoman Empire. In 1708 the city was damaged during the uprising against the Habsburgs and later renovated in baroque style.
Nitra Castle – the main attraction of the city, located on a hill 15 minutes walk from the historic center. This is a magnificent ancient structure built in the 11th century. in place of a huge Slavic fortress. Nitra Castle – one of most important historical sites of Slovakia, which was the center of the ancient states of the Slavs: the Nitran principality and Great Moravia. Him the core is the cathedral with the residence of the bishops.
Cathedral St. Emerama
Cathedral of sv. Emerama – architectural dominant of the castle, which arose as a result of combining the three structures: the church The 11th century, originally a 14th century gothic upper church and lower church of the 17th century. Oldest preserved part Cathedral – Romanesque church, which, according to the latest archaeological research dates back to the 9th century. Originally the gothic palace of bishops standing next to these sacral was rebuilt in late baroque style in the second half of the 18th century. The appearance of the episcopal cathedral, as we it know now, dates from the period between 1710-1736 years. Interior, for the most part, also dates back to the 18th century. In addition, here external fortifications are preserved near the oldest parts Romanesque period.
Mariana Column – Baroque sculpture composition of the 18th century, located on the southern slope of the Nitran Castle.
Church of the Visitation
The Church of the Visitation is a 19th-century episcopal church in neogothic style.
Franciscan Monastery with the Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul
Franciscan Monastery with the Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Pavla is one of the architectural dominants of the Upper Town in Nitra. It was built between 1624 – 1634 years.
Church of sv. Peter and Paul with a high tower was rebuilt in Baroque style in the 18th century. Its interior is decorated with 33 oak embossed sculptures that “tell” about the life of St. Francis – founder of the order.
PR monastery – a religious building of the same order with the baroque church of sv. Ladislava, built in the 18th century.
Protestant Church – Calvinist single-nave church, built in the early 20th century.
Church of the Archangel Michael
Church of the Archangel Michael – Romanesque religious building, built at the turn of the 11th and 12th centuries. Church is on rocky a hill in the town of Dražovce (near Nitra).
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