Nijmegen (Netherlands) – detailed information about the city from a photo. The main attractions of Nijmegen with a description, guides and maps.
City Nijmegen (Netherlands)
Nijmegen is a city in the east of the Netherlands Gelderland. Located on the Waal River near the border with Germany. Nijmegen is the oldest settlement of the Netherlands, the largest city in the province and the tenth in the whole country. it Gelderland’s real gem, immersed in ancient history and filled with ancient architecture.
- Geography and climate
- Practical information
- How to get there
- Maps and guides
- Comments and reviews
Geography and climate
Nijmegen is located on the south bank of the river Waal, which is left tributary of the Rhine. The climate is temperate with warm summer and mild in the winter.
Panorama of the city
- The population is more than 170 thousand people.
- The area is 57.60 km².
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Language – Dutch (Dutch).
- Time – UTC +1, summer +2.
- Every Monday on the Grote Markt square is held market.
- Nijmegen is a student city. Students account for about 12% total population. Therefore, here you can find quite a lot low-cost establishments, most of which are concentrated in area of Welderenstraat and Kelfkensbos . Also in the old town there is a huge amount of any pubs and bars.
Nijmegen is considered the oldest city in the Netherlands. In 2005 he celebrated its 2000th anniversary. The city was founded by the Romans in the 1st century AD, when they built a fortress on a hill above Baal. AT The fortress was stationed for some time by a legion of Roman troops. Beside with the fortress there was a small settlement of Oppidum Batavorum, which It was destroyed during the uprising against the authority of Rome.
Nijmegen in the evening
In the Carolingian era, Nijmegen becomes one of the most important cities of the state in which the royal was built palace. In 1230, city rights were granted to Nijmegen. From 1364 The year is a free city and a member of the Hanseatic League. In 1543 Nijmegen fell under the power of the Habsburgs. Since the beginning of the Eighty War city supported the Union of Utrecht and spoke out against the Spaniards. AT 1678–1679 here were signed historical peace treaties on the formation of an independent netherland state.
Until the end of the 18th century, Nijmegen was the capital of Gelderland. In 1794 The city was occupied by the French and the capital of the province became Arnhem. AT 19th century Nijmegen was considered a key defensive point on the state border and greatly strengthened. However, already in In the second half of the 19th century, most of the fortifications were demolished. In 1940, Nijmegen was occupied by the fascists and significantly damaged in 1944.
How to get there
The nearest airport is at Weeze on site. Germany. Schiphol is relatively close (135 km) and Eindhoven Airport (60 km). Direct rail available with Amsterdam, Utrecht and some other cities. The Netherlands.
Nijmegen is considered one of the oldest cities in Western Europe, whose origins are rooted in antiquity. Unfortunately, during battles of World War II (in 1944), many old buildings were destroyed or badly damaged. Although the old town of Nijmegen is everything equally beautiful.
On the Kelfkensbos square is the Walchhof Museum, which demonstrates the history of the city from Roman times.
Chapel of sv. Nikolay
In the center of the hill Walhof there is an ancient chapel of St.. Nikolay (one of the oldest buildings in the Netherlands), built in an era Carolingian between 8 – 9 centuries. Also here you can see fragments of an ancient imperial castle. From Walchoff is better head west towards the Big Market Square (Grote Markt). On the way you can look at the street Lange Hezelstraat, which connected the settlement and the Roman fortress. If at the end of this street turn left then you can visit Kronenburgerpark where you can see fragments of old city fortifications.
Big market (Grote Markt)
The large market (Grote Markt) is the central square of Nijmegen. Here you can look at the old architecture of the 17th century. Among Historic buildings in this area are distinguished by a weighing house (Waag) 16th century and the town hall about the same historical period
Church of sv. Stefan
Church of sv. Stefan’s (St. Stevenskerk) is the oldest and The largest church in Nijmegen. This is one of the oldest religious buildings of the Netherlands, whose history goes back to 7 century. The current building is made in the late Gothic style.
Chapel of sv. Mary’s
Of the historical buildings in Nijmegen, it is also worth noting. chapel of sv. Mary of the 15th century, who miraculously survived in 1944 year
Maps and guides
Map of the historical center