Milan (Italy) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Milan with a description, guides and cards.
Milan City (Italy)
Milan is the main city of Northern Italy and the capital of the region Lombardy. This is a modern metropolis, which is considered a business and financial center of the country. Milan is the capital of fashion and business, the most stylish, expensive and rich city of Italy, which is quoted on a par with Paris and London for lovers of entertainment and shopping. But not only this is famous for the capital of Lombardy. Here you can see such famous sights as: the magnificent Duomo, Sforza Castle, listed as a World Heritage Site Unesco, the church of Santa Maria delle Grazia, where Leonardo da Vinci’s legendary fresco “The Last Supper” and many other equally interesting monuments of history and culture.
If Rome is “old Italy”, then Milan is hers. modern symbol. Despite some similarities with typical Italian cities, it is very different architecturally and atmospheric. In Milan, another rhythm of life, he himself is rather gray, so how many buildings are built of limestone or dark stone, and in The architecture is noticeably influenced by Austrian and French styles. But despite its seriousness Milan is still fun and emotional Italy!
- Geography and climate
- Best time to visit
- Practical information
- How to get there
- Shopping and shopping
- Food and drink
- Maps and guides
- Comments and reviews
Geography and climate
Milan is located in northern Italy between the valley of the Po in the south and the foothills of the Alps in the north. In close proximity there are large picturesque lakes: Como, Lugano, Maggiore.
On the streets of Milan
The climate is humid subtropical. Summer is hot, rainy autumn, and the winter is quite mild with slight frosts. In cold weather fogs are quite frequent.
Best time to visit
Milan can be visited all year round. Although late autumn and winter quite foggy and rainy. Very cool city looks in the Christmas period. Summer is pretty hot in Milan wet, so if you do not like the heat, it is better to choose the spring or Autumn to visit the main city of Lombardy.
- Population – 1 366 thousand people.
- The area is 181.8 square kilometers.
- The official language is Italian.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
- Museums and tourist attractions do not work on Mondays.
- The end of July and the first half of August is the traditional time of holidays. At this time, some small establishments and the shops.
Milan became part of the Roman Empire in the 2nd century BC. At that time the city was called Mediolan. In the 4th century, he vied with Rome for supremacy in the Western Roman Empire. But after a while was destroyed by the Huns and the Ostrogoths and fell into disrepair. In the 6th century here settled the ancient Germanic tribe of the Lombards, which gave The name of the future region is Lombardy.
Panorama of milan
In the 11th century, the significance of Milan increased again. He became the capital independent state. Strengthening its position in the region is not Friedrich Barbarose liked it, who ravaged the city in 1162. Despite this, in 1176 the King of Germany and the Emperor of the Holy The Roman Empire was defeated, and Milan received privileges that allowed him to become one of the richest cities Europe. In 1277, in the confrontation of Guelphs and Ghibellines, they won the last. Milan became a monarchy, and the ruling dynasty was the Visconti family, which in 1450 changed the genus Sforza. During the reign of Sforza in Milane worked and lived: the great Leonardo da Vinci and Bramante.
In the 15th century, the Duchy of Milan was ruled by the French, from 1540 to 1706 – the Spanish kingdom. In this period there is economic and cultural stagnation. In the 18th century, the city entered part of Austria-Hungary and was (with a short break) under by the Habsburg authorities until 1859. The composition of Italy Milan entered in 1861 year He even wanted to make the capital, but in the end was chosen Ancient Rome. During the Second World War the city was quite strong. ruined.
How to get there
Milan has two international airports at once: Linate and Malpensa. The main international airport is Malpensa. Get there from there to the city center by train. Some budget Airlines fly to Bergamo Airport.
Milan Central Railway Station takes trains from most of the major cities of Italy: Turin, Rome, Naples, Florence, Venice, as well as from many European capitals and cities: Barcelona, Zurich, Geneva, Paris, Munich, Stuttgart, Vienna, Prague. The train station has access to the metro. Other important railway station – Cadorna. Express stops here from Malpensa airport and there is also a metro.
Streets of milan
There is a catch phrase that “all roads lead to Rome.” So, all Northern Italy roads go to Milan. The city has an excellent transport accessibility. But it should be noted that the motorways are paid
Milan has a well-developed public transport system: metro, trams and buses. There is a single ticket that you can buy in special machines and tobacco kiosks. Cost of fare – 1.5 euros. There are 4 metro lines: red, green, yellow and purple branches.
Shopping and shopping
Milan is one of the main centers of world shopping and fashion. Here you can find everything from fashion brands to small products design workshops. The main shopping district – Fashion Quadrangle, which is located between the Duomo, Piazza Cavour and the square San Babila. Most famous boutiques can be found on the streets. Montenapoleone, Della Spiga, Vittorio Emanuele, Sant ‘Andrea, Porta Venezia and Manzoni. There are as many as five close to Milan. large outlets where you can buy designer and brand things with big discounts. The largest outlet is Serravalle. is he located one hour from Milan. Buses depart from the castle Sforza.
Outlets in the outskirts of Milan
Food and drink
Despite the fact that Milan often follows fashion trends and modernity, it is one of the outposts of the traditional Italian cuisine. Avoid restaurants around the Duomo, they like are generally popular tourist destinations with low food quality at inflated prices. Keep in mind that most restaurants will be charged an extra “service charge” approximately 2 euro per customer.
Although Milan is not the first city with which many tourists associate italy it boasts some wonderful attractions and cultural monuments. With all his serious reputation of the fashionable, business and financial center of the country, It is a city with a rich history and cultural heritage.
Duomo or the Cathedral of Santa Maria Nacente – a symbol of Milan, located in the heart of the city on the eponymous square. Is an one of the largest religious buildings in the world (accommodates about 40,000 people) and probably the most beautiful church in style gothic Duomo built over 4 centuries from the 14th century. Its roof crowned with 135 spiers, and the facade is decorated with 2,245 marble statues. A modest interior, strikingly contrasting with the brilliant and richly patterned appearance, makes a strong impression with its 52 giant columns. The stained glass windows and nave of the Duomo are largest in the world. Inside you can see a bronze candelabrum. 1200, the grave of Giacomo Medici, the reliquary of San Carlo Borromeo. Very atmospheric will be a walk on the roof of the Duomo, from where on clear days You can see the snow-capped peaks of the Alps. Near the central aisle there is an entrance underground where you can see the foundations of the ancient 4th century basilica and baptistery found during construction underground. Entrance to the cathedral is free. Important: denied entry to short skirts, shorts and bare shoulders.
Victor’s Gallery Emmanuel II
Victor Emmanuel II Gallery – located a little away from Duomo and connects the cathedral square with Piazza La Scala. Was built in the 70s of the 19th century and at that time was the largest shopping gallery in Europe. Here are expensive boutiques and elegant cafe. The gallery is a great example of architecture. 19th century.
La Scala – one of the most famous opera houses in the world located in a rather inconspicuous building in a small square. Accommodates 2,800 spectators. The season lasts from December to May.
Santa Maria delle Grazie
Santa Maria delle Grazie – 15th century brick gothic church with a dome of the early Renaissance Bramante. Received the world fame thanks to the fresco by Leonardo da Vinci “The Last Supper”. TO Unfortunately, the church and the fresco were damaged during the bombing during the Second World War. Leonardo’s fresco painted in the refectory former Dominican monastery at the end of the 15th century. Unfortunately, da Vinci’s fresco is constantly being destroyed and restored (Leonardo wrote a mural on wet plaster).
Sforza Castle – one of the main attractions of Milan, listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Castle was built in the 14th century and was the main residence of the Milanese rulers – Visconti and Sforza. Now here is a magnificent museum with such rarities as Michelangelo’s last masterpiece, paintings Bellini, Correggio, Mantegna, Berggone, Foppa, Lotto, Tintoretto, Egyptian and other antiquities, medieval weapons. Before 70-meter high Torre de Filare is a large fountain built with Mussolini. Behind the castle is a large neoclassical park. Sempione, one of the favorite places of the Milanese.
Historic District Cinque Vie
The historic district of Cinque Vie – the oldest part of Milan, located between the square Cordusio, streets Meravigli and Orefici. There are many Roman archaeological sites in the area. facilities such as the theater, the imperial palace and the imperial mint. In addition, there are many ancient churches, such as – Santa Maria alla Porta (baroque pearl of Milan), San Sebastiano, San Giorgio el Palazzo, Santa Maria Podone, San Maurizio al Monastero Maggiore.
Church San Maurizio
San Maurizio is a baroque church whose interior is considered the most beautiful among religious buildings of Milan. Was built at the beginning of the 16th century for the women’s Benedictine monastery. Inside The church is painted with beautiful frescoes by the best masters of Lombardy. The monastery was built on the ruins of an ancient Roman circus and walls. Now there is an archaeological museum, which will introduce Milan period of the Roman Empire.
Pinacoteca Brera is a 17th century renaissance palace in which the Jesuit school was originally located. Now it is one of the best. art museums of Italy. Here are the best pictures artists of Lombardy and the students of da Vinci, Venetian masters, Raphael, Titian, Rembrandt, Rubens, Picasso and many others.
Sant Ambrogio is one of the oldest churches in Milan, founded in 4th century St. Ambrose, who is the patron saint of the city. The church is a masterpiece of Romanesque architecture. Was built in the 12th century around the choir of an earlier ninth-century church. Remarkable ancient altar of the 9th century, located among built in the period Carolingian.
The Chimiter Monument – a monumental cemetery of the late 18th century, which is known for rich tombstones and sculptures in style modern
Da Vinci Museum
Da Vinci Museum – National Museum of Science and Technology, located in a former monastery building. Special interest presents the gallery of Leonardo da Vinci with working models of many his inventions and machines, created by his drawings and drawings. Also here are the instruments used by Galileo, Newton and Volta.
Naviglio is an atmospheric place in the area of the same channel with many restaurants and clubs.
Sant Eustorgio – 12th century Romanesque basilica with beautiful high bell tower. Nearby is another church – San Lorenzo Maggiore, dating from the early Christian period. The Renaissance dome was added in 1574, a mosaic in the chapel of St.. Aquilina dates back to the 4th century. In front of the church is a portico of sixteen corinthian columns which is the largest preserved monument of the Roman period.
Arch of Peace
The Arch of Peace is an interesting example of neoclassical architecture. This the triumphal arch was built in the first half of the 18th century and located in the center of a large area behind the Sforza Castle and the park. The construction of the arch was begun under Napoleon Bonaparte, but completed after his defeat at Waterloo by the Austrian monarch Francis I, who dedicated it to the world.
Church Santa Maria del Carmine
Santa Maria del Carmin – Carmelite Order Church built in the 13th century of red brick. The church was destroyed during fire in the 14th century and abandoned. Restored in the 15th Century by Antonio Solari It is an interesting example of Lombard neogothic.
Basilica San Lorenzo
Basilica of San Lorenzo Maggiore (St. Lawrence) – a temple built in Renaissance style with an ancient baptistery and a romance the bell tower of the 12th century. The church was founded in the 4th century and is one of the oldest in Milan. There is a mosaic of the period Late Antiquity and several Roman columns.
Church of San Babila
San Babila is a brick church founded in the 11th century. Baroque the 16th century building was rebuilt in the 19th century in the style of the original medieval look. Neo-Romanesque bell tower was finished in 30s of the 20th century.
Velaska Tower is an interesting example of civil engineering. This is a 106-meter skyscraper of unusual architectural form.
Maps and guides
Map of the city Main attractions on the map Map of Milan with underground