Metz (France) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Metz with a description, guides and cards.
City of Metz (France)
Metz is a city in northeastern France of Lorraine. It is the capital of this historic region and department. Moselle. Metz has a magnificent historical center with an impressive Gothic cathedral, narrow cobbled streets and old houses. The city is known for its special charm, in which history is intertwined and modernity, as well as several cultures. Metz is impressive historical and cultural monuments, picturesque embankments and atmospheric surroundings. This ancient city dates back to the era Celts and Romans, being one of the most interesting places of the North France.
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Geography and climate
Metz is located at the confluence of the Moselle and Sale rivers, 43 km from the point where the borders of France, Germany and Luxembourg converge. In terms of the relief of the neighborhood of the city represent a hilly plateau with river valleys and forests. The climate of Metz is moderate continental with relatively mild winter and warm summer.
- The population is more than 110 thousand people.
- The area is 41.94 km2.
- The language is French.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
- Metz has a common airport with Nancy. He offers several regional destinations, as well as flights to Algeria and some cities Italy.
- By train to Metz can be reached from Paris, Strasbourg, Luxembourg.
- Metz is a safe city. However, it is recommended to avoid the suburbs of Borny or St Eloy, as well as the neighborhood of noisy bars late at night.
Metz is one of the most ancient cities in France with a rich history. The settlement on the site of the modern city existed for a thousand years BC. Shortly before the arrival of the Romans here housed the center of the Gallic tribe mediatomatrikov. In the 1st century BC. it was subordinated to Rome. Under the rule of the Roman Empire Metz turned into one of the largest and most prosperous cities of Gaul with population of about 40,000 people.
In 451, the city was taken and destroyed by the Huns, led by Attila. A little later, the Mets became part of the possession of the Franks. After decay of the state of Charlemagne Metz became the capital of the kingdom Lorraine, which was absorbed by the Holy Roman Empire. From 11 By the 12th century, the city had the status of a free imperial city. Later Metz became the capital of an independent republic that existed until the 15th century.
Streets of old cities
In the 16th century, Metz became one of the centers of the Reformation. In 1871 the city was captured by Prussia and belonged to her before the First World War. of war. Metz was also occupied by Germany during the Second World War. of war.
Metz has a gorgeous old town with a tangle of architectural layers that reveal a centuries-old history on crossroads of different cultures. The historic center of the city is one of the largest in France and famous for its numerous old buildings (more than 100 of them are classified as historical monuments). Metz is famous for its yellow architecture. limestone, ancient churches and the remains of urban fortifications. From the Gallo-Roman past, there are ruins of the term and aqueduct, also the church of Saint-Pierre-o-Nonnen.
Saint-Etienne – the cathedral and a masterpiece of Gothic architecture, located in the quarter of Saint-Croix with pretty little Squares, winding medieval streets and elegant old mansions. The church was built from 1250 to 1380 and is one of the tallest gothic buildings in Europe. Saint-Étienne has a magnificent facade with beautiful reliefs and impressive stained glass windows (some of which date back to the 13th century). The interior of the cathedral is striking in its scope and works of religious art.
Church of sv. Segolena
Church of sv. Segolena – a magnificent medieval gothic church located in the old town in the quarter of Saint-Croix. Current The building dates back to the 13th century. Inside the church is the stained glass window of the 12th century, which is the oldest in Lorraine.
The new temple is a beautiful neo-roman building built at the beginning. 20th century by the Germans. The church is Protestant and is located on a picturesque island surrounded by the waters of the Moselle. The temple is built of gray sandstone, which gives it a much more ancient view.
Saint-Pierre-o-Nonnen is considered the oldest church in France. Origins the buildings go back to the 4th century during the Roman Empire. Originally it Roman Basilica (Early Christian Church), which later became part of the ancient Benedictine abbey. In the 16th century the building was included in the system of fortifications. Saint-Pierre-o-nonnen is evidence of the thousand-year history of Metz.
Port de Allemants
Port de Allemants (“Gate of the Germans”) – the last relic the medieval fortifications of Metz, an ancient bridge with a powerful gate and defensive towers. This is one of the most famous monuments. city, which is named after the Teutonic Knights. The gate is very they resemble a fortress and rise above the river Sale. They consist of two huge towers of the 13th century and two bastions of the 15th century. Between towers is a terrace designed to accommodate artillery.
Next to the gate is a beautiful medieval area. with old streets and churches.
Saint-Maximinus is a simple 12th-century gothic church that famous for its stunning interior with magnificent stained glass windows created by surrealist painter Jean Cocteau in the 1960s. The church is located south of Port de Alemants.
Chapel Knights Templar
Knights Templar Chapel – a unique octagonal building a form that is unique in Lorraine. The chapel was built between 1180 and 1220 and shows The transition between Romanesque and Gothic architecture.
Saint-Louis – medieval town square with atmospheric arcades and houses of the Renaissance.
Foch Avenue – a modern avenue, created at the turn of the 20th century, which has a striking combination of architectural styles. Here you can see classic French mansions, houses in style Medieval architecture and eclectic Art Deco buildings.
Museums of Metz
Center Pompidou – Museum of Modern Art, opened in 2010 year It is a kind of branch of the famous eponymous Paris Museum.
De la Cour d’Or (de la Cour d’Or) is one of the most famous and interesting museums Metz, which is famous for its collections of antiquities Gallo-Roman period, medieval art and history. Also the Merovingian tombs, religious artifacts and French, Dutch, German, Flemish paintings 16 – 20 centuries.
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