Mantua (Italy) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Mantua with a description, guides and cards.
City of Mantua (Italy)
Mantua is a city in northern Italy in the Lombardy region. This place Little has changed since the late Middle Ages and has a high concentration of ancient sacred monuments, towers and palaces. The historic center of Mantua is a magnificent example of an era Renaissance, and the city itself has preserved the richest cultural heritage.
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Geography and climate
Mantua is located in the south-east of Lombardy on the Mincio River. City located on the border with Emilia-Romagna and Veneto, not far from Verona. Also less than an hour away is located Brescia. Mantua has a subtropical climate with hot summer and mild winter.
- The population is 49 thousand people.
- Area – 63 km ².
- The language is Italian.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European (UTC +1, summer +2).
Mantua has an ancient history. It is believed that the first settlement It was founded by Umber. Then the Etruscans settled here, and later – Celts. In the 3rd century BC. These lands were occupied by the Romans and founded here is your city. In the 11th century, Mantua was for some time part possessions of the margraves of Tuscany. Although already in 1115 the city received independence and in the second half of the 12th century joined Lombard League.
In 1269 Gibellines Bonacolsi came to power in Mantua, with which were built impressive buildings and monuments, preserved to our time. In 1328, the power in the city captured the Gonzaga family. Representatives of this kind actually ruled Mantua until the early 18th century. The period of Gonzaga power is considered the true heyday of the city. These dukes were patrons culture and the arts, and their court was considered one of the most brilliant in Europe.
In the 18th century, Mantua became part of the possessions of the Spanish Habsburgs, who turned the city into a powerful defensive outpost. In 1815 Mantua began to belong to Austria-Hungary. Part united Italy, the city entered in 1866.
How to get there
The nearest airport to Mantua is located in Verona. Also Bologna and Bergamo airports are relatively close by. On Mantua is easily accessible by train or bus from Milan, Verona, Modena, Cremona, Parma, Venice, Brescia, Bolzano and other cities Italy.
The historical core of Mantua and Sabbioneta is magnificent sights of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, as well as is on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Palazzo Ducale – a group of magnificent medieval buildings, built in the 14th century. This palace complex was the residence Dukes of Gonzaga. Palazzo Ducale has more than 950 rooms. The most The ancient building is the Palazzo del Capitano – the palace of the 13th century, which was the residence of Bonacolsi.
The Palazzo Te is a palace in the southern part of Mantua, which is an excellent example of Mannerist architecture. Built as a country the residence of the local dukes and is the center of culture.
Basilica of sv. Andrew
Basilica of sv. Andrew – the main sacred monument of Mantua, famous for its magnificent frescoes. The church was started in 1472 and completed 328 years later. It holds valuable Christian relic – the blood of Christ, collected at the crucifixion.
Duomo – Cathedral, built in the style of architecture Mannerism. The construction of the current church began in the 14th century and completed four centuries later. The cathedral has a beautiful facade and impressive interior, as well as the Romanesque bell tower.
The Duomo is located in Piazza Sordello, which used to be called Piazza San Pietro. This is the largest and most important area of Mantua, and also one of the oldest places in the city.
Torre della Gabbia
Torre della Gabbia – the highest medieval tower of Mantua, built in the 13th century. To her left is the episcopal palace. Since 1576 there was a torture chamber for convicts. Now the tower is in private ownership, so it is closed for visiting.
Rotunda San Lorenzo
The rotunda of San Lorenzo is an amazing Romanesque building built at the end of the 11th century. This is the most ancient religious building of Mantua, inspired by the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem. They say that The rotunda is built on the site of an ancient temple dedicated to the Roman the goddess Venus.
Piazza delle Erbe
Piazza delle Erbe is a small historic square and former fruit market. This is a place with interesting Venetian architecture. The most notable building here is the Palazzo della Rajone with astronomical clock of the 15th century. The area is separated from the piazza Broletto medieval palace of the 13th century – Palazzo del Podesta.
Maps and guides