Magdeburg, Germany: the most detailed information about the city Magdeburg, the main attractions with photos and descriptions, location on the map.
City Magdeburg (Germany)
Magdeburg – a city in East Germany, the center of the federal state Saxony – Anhalt. It is one of the oldest cities in the country. Magdeburg has been mentioned since the beginning of the 9th century. In the Middle Ages, he was one of the most important cities in Europe and the de facto eastern the capital of the Otto Dynasty. During this period, thanks to free trade and magdeburg city law hanseatic city Magdeburg was just a huge value and influence. In late Middle Ages during the Thirty Years War became the center of the Reformation and refused to accept the power of the Prussian emperor. Happened here one of the most terrible battles of this war, and Magdeburg itself was almost completely devastated.
Magdeburg is located in the middle reaches of the Elbe almost in the center of the federal state. The highest point of the city – 123.8 meters above sea level. The city lies on the right bank of the Elbe. Climate – moderate. The average annual rainfall is only 500 mm, which is one of the lowest in Germany. Summer warm, winters are cool with little frosts and frequent thaws.
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- The population is just over 230,000 inhabitants.
- City area – 201 km2
- The language is German.
- Currency – Euro.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
- Visa – Schengen.
- In the center of Magdeburg there are several shopping centers and many shops. They usually work from Monday to Friday from 8.00 to 20.00. On weekends, only large centers are usually open. Network shops.
The first mention of Magdeburg dates back to 805 year. At that time there was a small trading settlement. In 937, the emperor Otto I, the first emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, founded here Benedictine monastery. At the beginning of the 11th century the city was ravaged the poles.
In 1035, Magdeburg received city rights and the right to hold markets and fairs. Traders from all over Europe came here. AT 11 century even appeared its own silver coin. In 1188 year Magdeburg received special privileges, which later called “Magdeburg City Law”.
View of the city from banks of the Elbe
In the Middle Ages, the city was one of the main shopping centers. Europe. At the end of the 13th century, Magdeburg gained membership in the Hanseatic union. At the beginning of the 16th century, the city became one of the centers of the Reformation, which served as one of the main reasons for its further decline. Besides of this, the city authorities refused to accept the power of Prussian the emperor. During the Thirty Years War, the city was practically completely ravaged, residents killed. Magdeburg lost its meaning and depopulated.
In the 18th century, one of the most powerful Prussian was built here. fortresses, which nevertheless took the troops of Napoleon. In the 19th century Magdeburg regained its value in the region. During the Second World War the war the city was bombed which damaged historical Center.
How to get there
The nearest airport is located one hour from Magdeburg in Leipzig. The A14 motorway connects the city with West Germany, and the autobahn A2 – from the East. Regular rail service available with many major German cities including Berlin, Cologne and Dresden.
Public transport of the city is represented by trams, buses. and ferries. Suburban rail lines are available. S-Bahn.
Christmas market in Magdeburg
The most interesting sights of Magdeburg.
Cathedral of sv. Catherine and Mauritius – one of the symbols Magdeburg, a grand medieval gothic cathedral. This is one of Germany’s largest sacral buildings and one of the oldest masterpieces of gothic style. The foundation of the cathedral dates back to the 10th century, when Emperor Otto founded a Benedictine monastery here. The first emperor of the Holy Roman Empire brought many antique relics from northern Italy. Otto I was buried here in stone sarcophagus. At the beginning of the 13th century, the church suffered greatly from strong fire. In the 13-14 century the building was substantially rebuilt in Gothic style and received a high 100-meter towers. Inside You can look at the old Roman gravestones, early gothic sculptures. Currently the church is protestant.
Monastery Mother of God
The monastery of Our Lady is an ancient monastery founded in the 11th century. It is part of the “Romanesque road”. In the Middle Ages monastery belonged to the Order of the Norbertines. Currently in it is a museum that contains historical expositions from Middle Ages to the 20th century.
Church of sv. John’s
Church of sv. John is an old church founded in the first half of the 12th century. In 1131 the first three-nave was built. Romanesque basilica, rebuilt later after several fires. On the south tower is an observation deck. To climb 52 meters high and enjoy the view of Magdeburg need to be overcome more than 270 steps.
Town Hall – a historic building in the old town. First building Town Hall was built in the 12th century. After the Thirty Years War, the town hall was almost completely destroyed. New building was built in Italian and Dutch renaissance style and significantly rebuilt in the 19th century.
Green Citadel is a bright landmark of Magdeburg, The ensemble of baroque facades in modern style. The complex was built in the early 2000s. Here are restaurants, cafes, shops and a small hotel.
The old fortress
South of the bridge over the Elbe and close to the cathedral The cathedral can be found the remains of an old medieval fortress with two towers. Fortifications date back to the 15th century. Here is located the oldest surviving apartment building.
City Park Rotehorn
Magdeburg is one of the greenest cities in Europe. City Park Rotehorn is one of the most beautiful landscape landscapes. Germany and the green heart of the city. Located in a picturesque location on island in the middle of the Elbe. Is a favorite place of residents and tourists.
Maps and guides
Tourist City Map