Lucerne (Switzerland) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. Lucerne’s main attractions with a description, guides and cards.
City Lucerne (Switzerland)
Lucerne is a city in Switzerland and the capital of the same name. German-speaking canton. Located in the heart of the country in the central parts of the Swiss plateau on the shores of Lake Fierwaldstet. Lucerne – a picturesque city with a wonderful medieval core, elegant historic buildings and charming atmosphere. Is an A great starting point for exploring the natural the sights of Switzerland.
- Geography and climate
- Practical information
- How to get there
- Maps and guides
- Comments and reviews
Geography and climate
Lucerne is located in the center of the Swiss plateau in the northern part Firvaldshtetskogo Lake at the source of the river Reuss. Climate – temperate nautical. Summer is warm with an average temperature of 17-20 ° C, winter cool and rainy with temperatures ranging from – 2 to +3 ° C.
Lucerne in winter
- The population is more than 80 thousand people.
- The area is 29.11 km2.
- The language is German.
- Currency – Swiss franc.
- Time – UTC +1, summer +2.
- Visa – Schengen.
- The highest point is Mount Sonnenberg (800 m).
- There are several markets in the old town of Lucerne: Wochenmarkt (farmers market on Tuesdays and Saturdays at Bahnhofstrasse, Jesuitenplatz and on the embankment of the Reuss River near the Town Hall), Rybny Market (held on Tuesdays, Fridays and Saturdays), Flea Market (every Saturday from May to October at Reusssteg).
- Christmas Market in Lucerne is one of the most beautiful and large. in Switzerland. It starts in the second half of December and ends. December 23-24.
There is a suggestion that Lucerne was founded in Roman times empire. It is known that at the beginning of the 8th century there existed the monastery of St. Leodegar im Gough, around which subsequently there was a trading settlement. In 1178 the city was formed Lucerne.
Old panorama cities
In 1220 a trade route was opened across the St. Gothard Pass. This event was the impetus for the further development of Lucerne. AT In 1291, a military alliance was formed between Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden. Soon, Lucerne joined this alliance, which allowed to be freed from the power of the Habsburgs and provide the existence of the future of Switzerland.
In the 14-18 centuries, Lucerne was actually a separate state. Patriciate rules of the city, consisting of representatives of 29 genera. AT this period, Lucerne held a central position in the Swiss Confederation and seriously claimed the status of the capital. But in 1847 headed Sonderbund (association of 7 Catholic cantons), which ended in defeat. Ultimately the capital Switzerland became Bern.
How to get there
Thanks to its central location in Lucerne you can easily get by train from almost any other city in Switzerland. Zurich trains leave for Lucerne every 30 minutes.
The old town of Lucerne is located on the right bank of the Reuss River. it a delightful place for hiking, where the narrow streets and small squares are many charming old houses. Many of them are painted in bright colors, which gives Altstadt Alfalfa is a fabulous atmosphere.
The historic center of Lucerne is known for its picturesque squares. Weinmarkt – one of the most beautiful squares of the old cities. Here in 1332 Lucerne joined the Swiss union Until the 16th century there was a fish market. Modern look Weinmarkt found in 1841. The fountain on the square is considered the most beautiful in Lucerne and dates back to the 15-16 centuries. Another important The area is Mühlenplatz. This is the largest historical square. Alfalfa, founded in the early 16th century. Be sure to check out Hirschenplatz is a charming square with bright houses. One more An important historic square is Kapellplatz.
Chapel Bridge (Kapellbrücke)
The Chapel Bridge is the most famous symbol of Lucerne and one of the most photographed sights of Switzerland. It is medieval covered wooden bridge built in 1333 over the Reuss River. Its most remarkable feature is 111 paintings of the 17th. century, written on the rafters and depicting saints and scenes from history of the city.
Awful, but in 1993 the wooden bridge was damaged by a strong by fire. Restored to its former state in just 8 months. It’s a shame that this landmark has stood intact for more 650 years old and was damaged in modern times.
Near the bridge is the octagonal water tower of the 13th century higher than 34 meters. She was once part of urban fortifications.
Surprisingly, in Lucerne there is another medieval indoor wooden bridge – Spreuerbrücke. It was built in 1406, and inside on the triangular panels under the rafters 45 paintings are painted under title “Dance of Death.” The paintings were created by Caspar Meglinger and his students between 1616 and 1637 years.
Church of sv. Leodegara
Church of sv. Leodegara (Hofkirche) is considered the most important example Renaissance architecture in Switzerland. Religious building built on the site of an ancient 8th century Benedictine monastery. The modern building dates back to the 17th century. Gothic towers remained from the church of the early 16th century, destroyed by fire. In the arcades surrounding Church, repose representatives of the old genera.
Jesuit Church – the first big church in Switzerland in style Baroque, built on the left bank of the river Reuss in the 17th century. Interior It was restored in the rococo style in 1750.
Franciscan Church of sv. Mary was erected between 1270 and 1280 and was part of the monastery until 1838. The church has Gothic interior and Baroque and Renaissance department.
City walls and towers
Along the northern part of the old town of Lucerne passes the old the city wall, built between 1350 and 1408, with nine towers. Most of the fortifications have been preserved in the original condition. Four towers can be climbed. Old fortifications Alfalfa is considered one of the longest and best preserved defensive walls in Switzerland.
Zyt Tower with for hours
- Nölli (1513) – the only round tower. Height 28 meters
- Männli is a 33-meter high tower open to public.
- Luegisland (1370) – watchtower with weather vane.
- Heu is a 44 meter high tower. It was restored in 1701 after the explosion of gunpowder caused by a lightning strike.
- Zyt (1442) – 31-meter tower with a clock and a bell. Clock were visible to fishermen from the lake.
- Schirmer – 27-meter tower with a gate.
- Pulver – the second powder tower, height 27.5 m.
- Allenwinden is a medieval tower 27 meters high.
- Dächli is the smallest of the towers with an old round roof.
Lucerne Town Hall is considered one of the most beautiful public buildings of Switzerland. It was built between 1602 and 1606 in Italian Renaissance style.
Monument of Leo
The Lion Monument is a huge figure of a dying lion carved into the rock. Built in honor of the death of soldiers and officers of the Swiss guard during the french revolution during the attack on Tuileries in Paris.
Popular destinations from Lucerne:
- Mount Pilatus – one of the most beautiful natural the sights of Switzerland. It has a height of 2070 meters and offers a breathtaking view of the surroundings. Recommend to make Alpnachstad mountain rail ride through alpine meadows, scenic forests and cliffs to the top.
- Boat ride on Lake Firvaldshtetsky.
- Mountain of Riga, which can be reached by cog iron the road. From the top of 1798 meters there is a great view and you can even See the Black Forest.
- Jungfraujoch, where the observatory is located at an altitude of 3445 meters and observation deck as well as the largest glacier in Europe.
Maps and guides
Map of Lucerne