Livorno (Italy) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Livorno with a description, guides and cards.
City of Livorno (Italy)
Livorno is a city in Central Italy in the Tuscany region. Is an the largest tuscan port and located in the eastern part Ligurian Sea. Livorno is a city actually designed. and built in the 16th century. There is no ancient medieval center here. as in Florence, Pisa or Siena. This is a busy seaport, which often acts as a staging base or starting points for numerous tourists. However, Livorno has interesting sights, and canals cross the city center, that even resemble Venice.
- Geography and climate
- Practical information
- How to get there
- Food and drink
- Maps and guides
- Comments and reviews
Geography and climate
Livorno is located in the west of Tuscany on the coast of Ligurian sea (part of the Mediterranean). The city is not far from the delta of the river Arno. Livorno with the river connect channels. Terrain by most of the plain. The climate is Mediterranean sea. Summer warm and not as hot as in the rest of Tuscany, winter is mild with rare negative temperatures. Most precipitation falls from October to December.
- The population is 158.4 thousand people.
- The area is 104 square kilometers.
- The language is Italian.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
In the first half of the 11th century on the site of Livorno existed tiny fishing village. In the 12th century, these lands belonged Pisa In the 14th century, the Pisans began to strengthen the settlement, and then sold his family Visconti. In the period between 1407-1421 these territories belonged to genoa. Further, control over the mouth of the Arno received Florence.
Port of Livorno
The city of Livorno owes its appearance to the Medici family. This particular an influential aristocratic family decided to make a settlement the sea gate of Tuscany, after the sedimentation of the bay of Pisa. By the 17th century Livorno became one of the largest commercial ports. The Mediterranean.
Further improvement of the city continued in the 18th century in period of ownership of the Ligurian coast of the Hapsburgs. During the second World War I Livorno was badly hit by bombing.
How to get there
The nearest airport is located in Pisa. Between Livorno and Pisa / Florence has a regular bus and train message. Livorno also has a ferry service with Barcelona, Palermo, Bastia.
Food and drink
In Livorno you can taste delicious Italian and Italian dishes. Tuscan cuisine. Thanks to the seaside location of gastronomy Livorno also includes a large amount of fish and seafood. Here you can try excellent risotto.
See article Tuscany.
New Venice is the most charming district of Livorno with numerous channels through which you can ride a boat. This scenic area was formed in the 17th century around the New Fort. (Fortezza Nuova). Once this place was surrounded by moats and old ones city walls, which later turned into waterways, which connected the mouth of the river Arno and the port of Livorno.
Mascagni – the embankment in the southern part of the city, a favorite place walks of guests and locals. Here is the modern an aquarium that represents the Mediterranean marine life.
The port occupies the western part of the city and is one of largest in the Mediterranean. Its old part contains buildings of the era of the Medici.
The old fortress
The old fortress is located in the northern part of the old port. Was built in the first half of the 16th century. Its oldest part refers to early Middle Ages and is the oldest structure in Livorno. The small church of San Francesco in the fortress was built in 1530 year The facility is open to the public.
A new fortress was built in the middle of the 16th century. It has a typical pentagonal layout with a series of sharp teeth. Fort represents is an impressively defensive structure that is on all sides surrounded by a channel.
Castello del Boccale
Castello del Boccale – a beautiful castle on the coast in medieval style. The original castle core is represented watchtower built in the 16th century by the Medici.
Monument on Via Grande
Via Grande is the central street of Livorno, which connects the harbor and Republic Square. The most interesting attraction of the street is a monument which is called the “monument of four Moors. ”
Republic Square is the central and largest square of Livorno. This is a huge square near the New Fortress. On the square there are two marble statues of the last great princes Tuscany.
San Ferdinando – Roman Catholic Baroque Church, built in the 17th century. Its main feature is beautiful altar.
Duomo or the Cathedral of San Francesco – the church in style Late Renaissance, located in the center of Piazza Grande.
Church Sant andrea
Sant Andrea is a neoclassical church built at the end of 19 century.
Maps and guides
City Map Tourist Map