Leipzig (Germany) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Leipzig with a description, guides and cards.
City Leipzig (Germany)
Leipzig is a city in Central Germany, located in the west federal state of Saxony. It is one of the most dynamic developing cities of the country and the largest in the region. Leipzig – a city rich in history founded over 1000 years ago on the intersection of trade routes and always played an important role in Saxony. Today it is an important economic and cultural center of Germany.
Leipzig is one of the most unique cities in the country, the center cosmopolitan, open to creativity and new ideas. Here traditions meet modernity, classical culture with avant-garde, and the story with high technology. Largest Saxon city in its history has acquired many epithets: the city music, justice, little Paris. Visit Leipzig yourself make sure of it.
Panorama of Leipzig
Leipzig is located at the confluence of three rivers, 160 km from Berlin in the southern part of the German plain. The terrain is covered with forests and swamps. The climate is temperate with some marine influence. Summer warm with an average temperature of 17-20 degrees. Winter is enough soft with a temperature of about 0. For the year falls just over 500 mm precipitation.
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- The population is almost 570,000 people.
- The area is 298 km2.
- The language is German.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in winter +2.
- In the historic center there are many shops. Souvenirs You can buy near the Old Town Hall.
- Christmas Market opens on the last week of November and lasts almost until Christmas.
- Major shopping centers within the city: Paunsdorfer and next door to the main train station. West of Leipzig is located one of the largest shopping complexes in Germany – Nova Eventis.
- Traditional food: Lerchen – sweet dough with marzipan, Quarkkeulchen – dessert, Leipziger Allerlei – vegetable dish, Reformationsbrötchen – cookies.
The settlement in the vicinity of Leipzig existed with time Roman empire. The city originated at the intersection of two important medieval trade routes. The name of the city comes from the Slavic word “lipsk”, which can be translated as “a place where limes grow. ”
The first written records of Leipzig date from 1015. AT 1165 were obtained city rights. In the Middle Ages here began to hold a fair that has survived to the present day and is one of the oldest in the world.
In 1409, the University of Leipzig was founded, which played a major role in the development of European education and became the center German law. During the Thirty Years War in the vicinity Cities took place two battles in which the Swedes won. In 1701 Leipzig received an oily-fuel street lighting system. AT the period of the Napoleonic wars here was a major battle between France and the coalition – Prussia, the Russian Empire, Austria and Sweden. This battle was the largest in Europe before the First World War. of war.
Dawn over Leipzig
In the 19th century, Leipzig became the center of German liberal movements, a major industrial and transport center. In 1839 The first railway was built, connecting the city with Dresden.
During the Second World War, Leipzig suffered greatly from Allied bombing, but nevertheless largely retained original historical look.
How to get there
Leipzig is one of the largest transportation centers. Germany. The city is easily accessible by air, by train, auto or bus. It has access to the A14, A9 and A38 autobahns. Long-distance bus routes connect it with a multitude of major German cities. Buses stop between the main w / for the station and opera. Leipzig is one of the largest railway centers of Germany and one of the important nodes of high-speed communication. High-speed trains connect the city with Munich, Berlin, Nuremberg, Frankfurt. Leipzig has a large airport. From the airport to downtown buses and trams. Berlin Airport is located two hours by train.
Small channel in Leipzig
The main public transport is the tram. Also walk buses. A single ticket costs € 2.40 and lasts 1 hour. moment of activation. Tickets can be bought inside by tram, on stops at some kiosks. Many ticket machines accept only coins.
Most of Leipzig’s main attractions concentrated in a compact historical center.
The old town hall
The old town hall is one of the largest in Germany. Was built in 1556 in the Renaissance style. The building is located on a beautiful Market Square and is an excellent starting point for exploring old town. Town Hall has a length of 90 meters, arcades, six gables and baroque tower. Now here is the city the museum, which exhibits interesting examples of medieval art and history of Leipzig.
New town hall
New Town Hall – a beautiful building of the early 20th century 115-meter tower.
Church of sv. Thomas
Church of sv. Thomas – one of the oldest and most important churches Leipzig, founded in the 12th century. Old Romanesque church at 14-15 centuries was rebuilt in the style of the Gothic Renaissance. The tower has height of 68 meters. From 1723 to 1750, the famous the composer Johann Bach. Here he is buried.
Church of sv. Nikolay
Church of sv. Nicholas – the largest church in Leipzig, founded in second half of the 12th century. Was built upon receipt of urban right
From the sacral buildings of the city also stands out Russian memorial church of sv. Alexei, built in honor of Russian soldiers killed during the Napoleonic Wars.
- The House of Mendelssohn – the house of the famous composer who composed wedding March.
- Schiller’s House – the former home of one of the main German poets.
- House Shumanov – here lived composers Clara and Robert Schumann.
Battle Monument nations
Monument of the Battle of Nations – a national monument built in 1913 year in honor of the 100th anniversary of the famous battle between Napoleonic troops and coalition.
What else to see in Leipzig:
- Modern and early high-rise buildings on Augustusplatz, Wintergartenstraße and Nordstraße.
- Golizer castle is a beautiful summer palace.
- Bavarian station is one of the oldest railway stations in the world.
- The courthouse is a former imperial palace. Monumental construction in the style of the French Renaissance and Baroque.
- Moritz Bastion – a former mid-16th century fortress next to University. The only remaining part of the old urban fortifications.
- The zoo is one of the oldest in the world with an area of more than 23 ha
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