Lausanne (Switzerland) – detailed information about the city from a photo. The main attractions of Lausanne with a description, guides and maps.
City of Lausanne (Switzerland)
Lausanne is a city in the southwestern part of Switzerland and the capital French-speaking canton in. It is the second largest city on Lake Geneva (after Geneva), combining a dynamic commercial center and resort, sports and culture. Lausanne is old a university town with elegant winding streets that is the headquarters of the international Olympic committee (IOC).
- Geography and climate
- Practical information
- How to get there
- Maps and guides
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Geography and climate
Lausanne is located in the northernmost point of Lake Geneva with overlooking the Savoy Alps on the border of the famous wineries regions of Lavaux and La Cote. Height above sea level – from 372 to 929 meters Lausanne’s climate is temperate continental with some maritime influence. Summer is warm and rather rainy with an average temperatures around 20 ° C, winters are cool with average temperatures about 0 ° C.
Lausanne in winter
- The population is 138 thousand people.
- The area is 41.38 km2.
- The language is French.
- Currency – Swiss franc.
- Time – UTC +1, summer +2.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Traditional products: saucisson vaudois (pork sausage), pâté à la viande (small bun with meat), taillé aux greubons (puff pastry meat pie), tarte au vin cuit (pie with apples), tomme vaudois (soft blue cheese), white wine.
- Tourist offices are located at the main station and in Ouchy .
In antiquity on the site of Lausanne settled settlement Helvets. In the 1st century BC, Julius Caesar conquered this land. In 15 BC the Romans founded a military camp, which was named Luzonna (Lausodunum). Luzon was destroyed in the 3rd century AD during the invasion of the Germans.
Panorama of Lausanne
In the 6th century, Lausanne became part of the kingdom of the Franks. Here was built the first Christian church and moved the residence bishops. Bishops ruled Lausanne for almost a millennium to 1536 of the year. In the 9th century, the city was part of Burgundy. In 1032 Lausanne, together with Burgundy, became part of the Holy Roman empire.
In 1218 Lausanne, together with the territories of the future canton of Vaud became part of the possessions of the Savoy dynasty. In this case, the city is so same ruled by bishops. In the 13th century there were a few flashes. armed conflicts between citizens and the church. In 1525 Lausanne joined the Swiss Union. Since 1529 the city Began to manage the mayor.
In 1536, the Dukes of Bern began to rule Lausanne. She lost its value and turned into an ordinary provincial town. In 1798 the year was proclaimed the Leman republic. In 1803 was the canton of Vaud was formed, and Lausanne became its capital.
How to get there
Lausanne is one of the main nodes of the federal Swiss rail system. The city is connected by regular communication with Bern, Geneva, Zurich, Basel, as well as Paris, Milan and Venice The nearest airport is located in Geneva.
Notre Dame Cathedral
Notre Dame Cathedral – the Cathedral of Lausanne, which is considered one of the most beautiful monuments of Gothic art in Europe. The church was built between the 12th and 13th centuries and is one of Switzerland’s largest religious buildings. Since 1529, the cathedral is protestant. Notre Dame rises on a hill above Lausanne. The central tower has a height of 72 meters. The cathedral is famous beautiful interior and antique stained glass windows of the 13th century. In the crypt You can see the fragments of the early 8th century basilica and the ancient tombs
Church of sv. Francois
Church of sv. Francois – an old gothic church built between the 13th and 14th centuries. Was once part of a major Franciscan monastery, which was abolished during Reformation. During this period, the interior of the church was deprived of many decorations. The Christmas market is held annually on the square.
La Cité – the area around the hill of Cite, around which grew medieval city. At the top of the hill stands the Notre Dame Cathedral. La Cité is an atmospheric narrow streets and medieval ensemble old houses.
Ouchy – the area between the old and new ports to the Olympic a museum that is known for its promenade, parks and flower flower beds. In the center of this area is a 12th-century castle, in the walls of which was signed a peace treaty between Turkey and Greece in 1923.
The Olympic Museum is a sports museum dedicated to the origins and Olympic history. There are Olympic awards, sports equipment and equipment of great athletes.
Escaliers du Marche – picturesque terraces of the 13th century, leading from Market in Palud Square to the Cathedral of Notre Dame.
Place de la Palud
Place de la Palud is the most beautiful historic square of Lausanne. Here is the oldest fountain of the city and the town hall of the 17th century. AT Wednesday and Saturday the farmers’ market is held on the square.
Flon is a modern dynamic area built on the site of the former warehouses, with many restaurants, bars, clubs, shops, and cinemas, galleries, spas. This is one of the most popular. Lausanne places to relax and meet friends
Maps and guides