Kromeriz, Czech Republic: the most detailed information about the city of Kromeriz , main attractions with photos and descriptions, location on map.
Kromeriz (Czech Republic)
Kromeriz is an ancient town in eastern Bohemia, standing on the banks of the river Morava. This is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful. cities of Moravia and the Czech Republic, who earned the nickname Ganatskie Athens. In Kroměříž you can look at the magnificent baroque palace and archbishops’ gardens listed UNESCO World Heritage Site, a wonderful historic center with ancient houses and arcades.
- Geography and climate
- Practical information
- How to get there
- Maps and guides
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Geography and climate
Kromeriz is located in eastern Bohemia in the historic region Moravia on the banks of the Morava River near Olomouc and Brno. In terms of the city is located on a hilly plain with heights from 190 to 324 meters above sea level.
The climate is temperate, with warm summers and mild enough. in the winter.
- The population is 29,000 inhabitants.
- Area – more than 50 km2
- The language is Czech.
- Currency – Czech crown.
- Time – Central European UTC +1.
Kromeriz – an ancient city, the first mention of which Dated 1110 year. At this time there was a small settlement, which was bought by the Bishops of Olomouc.
Due to its favorable location, already in 1266 Kromeriz Got city rights. During the Hussite Wars, the city became one of main centers of the Hussites in Moravia. In 1456 it becomes again episcopal. At the end of the 15th century, the vicinity of Kroměříž became arena of fighting between the Czechs and the Hungarians.
Historical Kromeriz Center
At the beginning of the 16th century and before the Thirty Years War, it became one of centers of Moravia. During the war the city was completely destroyed. by the Swedes. The city was rebuilt in the second half of the 17th century in style Renaissance and Baroque. That is why Kromeriz is so different architecturally from other cities of the Czech Republic.
In 1742 the city was captured by Prussia troops, in 1805 – the troops Bonaparte In 1848, the Austrian met here for a year. Reichstag, and in 1885 a meeting of the emperors Alexander III and Franz Joseph.
How to get there
The nearest international airport is located in the city of Brno. But in This airport flies much less flights than Prague. From Prague You can take a train or a bus to Brno or Olomouc. Further by train or bus to Kroměříž.
Kroměříž boasts many attractions old buildings and squares. Each area of the city has its own special atmosphere. Here you can spend your time staring at architecture or sit in the cozy cafes with a glass of Moravian wine or beer.
Big Square – the largest in the city and the heart of the historic center. It was founded in the 13th century as a market. Along the perimeter is located many historic buildings with renaissance and early arcades baroque. Baroque Marian column was built at the end of 17 century. The fountain, built in 1655, was part of the system water supply of the city. The dominant building of the square is the town hall. and the archbishop’s palace.
Fountain on large area
One of the main squares of the city is Masaryk Square. Church of sv. John the Baptist was built in the 18th century and is one of the most important monuments of the Moravian Baroque. Academy building built in the neo-Renaissance style in the late 19th century.
Square Masaryk Night Kromeriz
Behind the Big Square there is a small Stoyanova Square. Her architectural dominant is the church of sv. Moritz, based in 13th century.
Church of sv. Moritz
Originally the gothic church was significantly rebuilt in early 16th century after the Hussite Wars. Last major restructuring occurred in the middle of the 19th century after a major fire.
Parish Church of Our Lady
One of the significant sacral buildings of the city is Parish Church of the Virgin Mary. The church was founded in Middle Ages. Today’s baroque appearance the building has found the first half of the 18th century.
The main symbol of Kroměříž is the Archbishop’s Palace UNESCO World Heritage List. This is one of the most visited sights of the Czech Republic. The Bishops Palace is a unique baroque complex of historic buildings, including state halls, library, musical archive and art gallery. Originally, the Gothic palace was destroyed by the Swedes during Thirty Years War. In the 17th century, the bishops built a new magnificent residence in the early baroque style. For this they attracted leading Italian architects. Many lush halls and their interiors will amaze with their luxury. And the Chamber of Deputies is The largest and most beautiful rococo hall in the Czech Republic.
Palace a park
A romantic park of 64 hectares adjoins the bishops’ palace. This is a beautiful natural landscape complex in which more than 200 types of trees from different parts of the world and many different decorative elements.
Flower Garden – one of the most important works of European landscape art. It is a kind of transition from Italian Renaissance to French Baroque. Here you will find: green labyrinths, greenhouses, pond and colonnade, sculptures and small baroque rotunda.
Maps and guides
City Map with Landmarks