Koblenz is a city in West Germany, located at the mouth of the river Moselle. The article contains a detailed description of the city and information about The main attractions of Koblenz.
Koblenz – one of the largest cities of the federal state Rhineland-Palatinate, located in the west of the country on the Moselle River, which is the left tributary of the Rhine. Considered one of most beautiful and ancient cities of Germany with remarkable atmosphere, architecture and history. In 1992, Koblenz celebrated its 2000th anniversary. Part of the city is listed UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is part of the cultural landscape of the Upper Rhine.
Koblenz is located in the north of the federal state on the left bank tributary of the great German River Rhine. Relief is a slightly hilly plain covered with picturesque forests. Southwest the territory is bounded by the foothills of the Hunsrück, and from the east foothills of westerwald. The climate is temperate with prevailing westerly winds. For the year falls 700 mm of rain. Annual average temperature is 10.8 degrees. The coldest month is January with average temperature of 2-3 degrees with a plus sign, the warmest – July with an average temperature of 18-20 degrees.
Panorama of Koblenz and Moselle Valley
- Population – 112 thousand people
- Area – 105 square meters. km
- The official language is German.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1.
- In the center of Koblenz are two large shopping Center: Löhr-Center and Forum Mittelrhein, which include more than 100 stores. Many shops can be found on the main shopping street Löhrstraße.
- Koblenz is located in the famous wine-growing region. Rhine-Moselle. The region is famous for its dry reds and whites. wines. Also here is a very good local beer: Königsbacher and Koblenzer.
- Low cost establishment with regional food and wine – Wirtshaus Alt Coblenz, Am Plan, 13.
Christmas market in Koblenz
Koblenz is a city with a rich 2000-year history. Was founded in Antiquities as a roman fort. Therefore, Koblenz is one of most ancient cities of Germany. After the collapse of the Roman Empire in the 5th century was conquered by the francs, who founded here one of the royal residences. In 836, the church of St.. Castor – The oldest sacral construction of the city. In the Middle Ages Koblenz flourished along with Trier.
Streets of Koblenz
In the 11th century, the Ehrenbreitstein fortress and fortifications were built. buildings of the city. During the Thirty Years War, kurfust and The Archbishop of Trier moved his residence to Koblenz. In 1794 the city was conquered by the French and returned to Prussia only in 1814 after the Congress of Vienna. In the 19th century, the fortress of Koblenz turned into one of the most powerful fortifications Europe. City fortifications were destroyed in the late 19th century. In the bombing time of the Second World War was almost 90% damaged Koblenz.
How to get there
Getting to Koblenz is not difficult. The city is located nearby from three autobahn A3, A48 and A61. In addition, Koblenz It is an hour’s drive from the three largest airports in Germany: Frankfurt am Main, Cologne and Hana. From these cities and Trier regular trains run regularly from early morning to almost late night
In the old town
Sights of Koblenz
The most interesting and popular sights of Koblenz, which every visitor of the city must see.
Basilica of sv. Castor
Basilica of sv. Castor – a masterpiece of sacred architecture and The oldest religious buildings of the city. The basilica was consecrated in early 9th century. Important historical events took place in this church. events that were the cause of the division of the kingdom francs. The modern look of the church received in the 12th century. Exists funny story about the fountain in front of the basilica. French commandant cities, during the Napoleon campaign in Russia, ahead of the end of the war decided to add the inscription “Napoleon the Great. 1812 in memory of Russian company “. The commander of the Russian troops who took Koblenz, turned up with a sense of humor. He ordered to engrave next to the inscription “Russian troops saw and approved”.
Church Mother of God
The Church of Our Lady or Liebfraukirche – the main parish Koblenz Church, one of the symbols of the city and one of the oldest religious buildings of the historic center. The church was founded in the era of the kingdom of francs on roman ruins. Modern look Received in the late Middle Ages. The church was significantly damaged during the bombings in 1944. Restored to style of historical authenticity in 1955.
The Church of Jesus is a masterpiece of neo-Roman architecture built in the beginning of XX century. The church was significantly damaged in 1944 and completely burned out.
Church of sv. Florina
Church of sv. Florina is the main Protestant church of Koblenz. It was built in the 11th century. Originally the church belonged the monastery of the same name. During the Napoleonic Wars was used as a warehouse. After it was transferred to the Protestant community of the city.
Sights and places of interest
Deutsche Ek or German Corner – Memorial to the Kaiser Wilhelm, located at the confluence of the Rhine and Moselle rivers. The memorial was opened at the end of the 19th century. Although the place itself is known even with Roman times.
Ehrenbreitstein – one of the iconic buildings of Koblenz, the mighty a fortress that towers on a powerful 118-meter cliff above Rhine The first fortifications here were built over 1000 years ago. They were destroyed in 1801. In the 19th century, the fortress by order of King Frederick William III was turned into one of most powerful strongholds of Germany. Ehrenbrightstein is one of Europe’s largest surviving fortresses.
Koblenz’s trademark is the cable car leading to Ehrenbreitstein fortress. Has the highest throughput passenger capacity in the world for structures of this type. Passengers can enjoy the fascinating panoramas of Koblenz and Rhine Valley.
Castle Stolzenfels – rises above the left bank of the Rhine in total a few kilometers from the historic center. Castle built in the XIX century on the ruins of the old fortress of the 13th century. Is an a masterpiece of Prussian Rhine romanticism. The gardens are adjacent to the castle and a park.
The Electoral Palace – a large palace complex, is one of the main masterpieces of early classicism in the southwest Germany and one of the last residential palaces built shortly before the french revolution.
Balduinsky Bridge is an old arch bridge across the Moselle River. Was built in the 14th century.
Old Castle or Alte Burg – an old 13th century castle built on roman foundations and surrounded by a moat and wall. In the 19th century here even there was a sheet metal plant. Now Here are stored the archives of the city.
Prussian building governments
Prussian government building – impressive neo-roman building of the early 20th century, planned by Kaiser Wilhelm himself Ii.
Kaufa House is a historic building from the beginning of the 15th century where it lived influential merchant. Originally the gothic building was at 17 century rebuilt in baroque style.
In the north of Koblenz is a stronghold of the Prussian protection of the Rhine Valley – the outpost of the emperor Franz. The fortress provided a ferry across Rhine and defended the northern and western frontiers of the city.
Tourist Map Koblenz
City map in pdf format