Karlovy Vary

Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic – detailed information about the city and resort. Karlovy Vary travel guide: popular sights with photo and description

City Karlovy Vary (Karlovy Vary)

Karlovy Vary is a world famous resort located in West Bohemia in the historic region of Bohemia. The city is spread in picturesque hilly terrain at the confluence of the Ohře, Rolava and Heat Karlovy Vary is distinguished by its charming architecture and a large number of health resorts and resorts.

  1. Story
  2. What to bring from Karlovy Vary
  3. How to get there
  4. Mineral springs
  5. sights

Panorama of Karlovy Vary Panorama Karlovy Vary

City Information

  1. The population is more than 49 thousand people.
  2. The area is 59.1 km².
  3. Currency – Czech crown.
  4. The language is Czech.
  5. Time – UTC + 1, in the summer UTC + 2.

Karlovy Vary – the most “Russian” resort

Historically, that since the time of the Russian Empire Karlovy Vary was one of the most sought after resorts among n intelligentsia, monarchs and nobles. Here rested and emperors, famous writers and poets improved their health. AND now, the resort remains in demand among the Russian-speaking population. Here you can hear Russian language everywhere, signs are also in most of them are written in Russian. Traders, waiters, staff The hotels also speak Russian. Also lives here just a huge number of our compatriots. therefore explained here for the most part will not be any labor.

Winter in Karlovy Vary Winter in Karlovy Vary

Story

  • In 1370, Emperor Charles IV visited Karlovy Vary granted city rights and privileges to the settlement royal city on the model of neighboring Loket in 1370 Karlovy Vary enjoyed the glory of the resort. The city was observed calm and there was a ban on carrying weapons.
  • In 1401 King Vaclav IV to the city privileges granted rare asylum rights and open city status without city fortifications.
  • In 1582 Karlovy Vary suffered from heavy flooding. The Tepla River overflowed and damaged half the buildings of the city.
  • In 1640, the quiet history of Karlovy Vary learned the horrors of war. During the Thirty Years War, the resort town was looted by the Swedes.
  • In 1707, the resort received free status cities.

City center City center

  • In 1711 Peter I came to Karlovy Vary Great. The city is becoming very popular among the Russian ruling. circles and intellectuals. Famous people often came here: emperors, princes, grandees and warlords, writers and poets
  • Karlovy Vary was loved not only by Russians. Often Goethe came here, who visited the resort thirteen times.
  • In 1870 a railway was built connecting the resort with the rest of Europe.
  • At the end of the 19th century, the architecture changed. resort. Neoclassical buildings began to be built, Neo-baroque, neo-renaissance.
  • In 1890, the city also suffered from heavy flooding.
  • During World War II the city practically did not suffer, only the outflow of German-speaking population.

What to bring from Karlovy Vary:

Becherovka – the famous Karlovy Vary herbal liqueur, which He began to produce in 1807 the pharmacist Joseph Vit Becher.

Becherovka Becherovka

Karlovy Vary payments –traditional waffles with many tastes, which produce since 1788.

Karlovy Vary Payment Karlovy Vary payments

How to get to Karlovy Vary?

You can get to Karlovy Vary by plane from many large cities: Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Rostov-on-Don, Nizhny Novgorod, Krasnodar, etc. But cheaper to fly to Prague or Dresden. From Prague and Dresden to Karlovy Vary you can easily reach on the bus for a couple of hours. Coach of buses from Prague see here – //jizdnirady.idnes.cz/vlakyautobusymhdvse/spojeni/. Coach and bus timetable from Dresden – //www.busliniensuche.de/

Karlovy Vary streets Karlovy Vary streets

Mineral springs of Karlovy Vary

Healing mineral springs are the main wealth of Karlovy Var. On the territory of the city there are 15 sources that grouped in 7 colonnades (Geysernoy, Market, Zamkova, Mill, Freedom, Sadovaya and Alois Klein) and differ in temperature and CO2 content.

The resort treats patients with diseases of the stomach and intestines, liver and biliary tract, as well as with metabolic disorders substances (diabetes, obesity, and others).

Mineral water can be drunk completely free. Enough visit the colonnades. We recommend to buy special mugs for mineral water that is sold everywhere. With these mugs It is very convenient to drink mineral water, and also it is a great souvenir.

Mugs for mineral water Mugs for mineral water

The temperature of all sources of Karlovy Vary

  1. Geyser (Vřídlo) – 73 ° C
  2. Source Charles IV. – 64 ° C
  3. Lower castle source – 55 ° C
  4. Upper castle source – 55.9 ° C
  5. Market source – 65.2 ° C
  6. Mill source – 56 ° C
  7. Source Mermaid – 60 ° C
  8. Prince Václav Source – 65 ° C
  9. Prince Václav II Source – 64.3 ° C
  10. Source Libuse – 63 ° C
  11. Rock source – 46,9 ° C
  12. Freedom Source – 62.4 ° C
  13. Garden spring – 41.6 ° C
  14. Stepanka source – 14.2 ° C
  15. Snake source – 28.7 ° C

Geyser Colonnade

Modern Glazed Reinforced Concrete Colonnade functionalism was erected in 1975 over the Geyser (Vřídlo), The most popular mineral spring in Karlovy Vary. Fountain The geyser for which the separate pavilion is arranged reaches 12 meters high. This is the third colonnade. source.

Geyser colonnade Geyser colonnade

The symbol of the resort is the unique fountain Geyser, thanks to the pressure water rises to a height of 12 meters. For many patients Geyser mineral water is too hot, so its specially cooled to 50 and 30 ° C and for drinking cure bred in five vaz source, denoted by the letters A, B and C. Part thermal water enters the sanatorium and hospital, part used for the production of Karlovy Vary mineral salts and souvenirs. An interesting dungeon geysernoy colonnade, in which created excursion route.

How to get there: from the Tržnice stop (Tržnice – Market) to Theater square in the city center rides city bus number 2 Distance from the final stop “Theater Square” (Divadelní náměstí – Place the Divadelni) to the colonnade only 150 m

Mode of operation of the colonnade: Monday – Friday 09:00 – 17:00, Saturday – Sunday 10:00 – 17:00.

Market Colonnade

The carved wooden colonnade in the Swiss style was built in 1882-1883 by the project of the famous Viennese architects Fellner and Helmer on the territory of the former market under the Castle Tower.

Market Colonnade Market colonnade

In the early 90s. The twentieth century held a complete reconstruction colonnades in which three mineral springs were bred – Charles IV, Lower Castle Source and Market Source:

  • source of Charles IV – there is a legend about how Emperor Charles IV treated his aching feet at this source, healing properties of which seem to have influenced the decision to establish resort town.
  • lower castle source – castle source is divided into Upper and Lower Sources, due to different heights above level Sea water in them of different temperatures. Main exit of the Lower Castle The source is currently located in Zamkov Lazne and is used for the needs of this spas. It is also derived to the Market Colonnade, where it is accessible to all comers.
  • market source – since its discovery in 1838 the source went underground several times and made its way again. Him the name comes from the medieval market square which Before was on this place.

How to get there: from the Tržnice stop (Tržnice – Market), on city ​​bus number 2 to the terminus “Theater Square” (Divadelní náměstí – Throw in Divadelni), and from there follow the same road across the Yansky bridge to the Market Square.

Mode of operation: daily free access.

Castle colonnade

At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the modernist castle colonnade built in 1910 – 1912 designed by Viennese architect Johann Friedrich Oman, was rebuilt in the Castle Lázně.

Castle Colonnade

Only the gazebo with the Upper Castle remained freely available. source of. The lower castle source is displayed in the Market Colonnade, Zamkovy Lázně offers treatments for everyone. holidaymakers.

  • top castle source – castle source is divided into Upper and Lower Sources, due to different heights above level Sea water in them of different temperatures. First Upper Castle the source was discovered in 1912 during construction the colonnades.
  • lower castle source – castle source is divided into Upper and Lower Sources, due to different heights above level Sea water in them of different temperatures. Main exit of the Lower Castle The source is currently located in the territory of Lazne and is used for the needs of this spas. It is also derived to the Market Colonnade, where it is accessible to all comers.

How to get there: from the Tržnice stop (Tržnice – Market), on city ​​bus number 2 to the terminus “Theater Square” (Divadelní náměstí – Throw in Divadelni), and from there follow the same road across the Yansky bridge to the Market Square.

Mode of operation: daily, partial access.

Mill Colonnade

The stone colonnade in the style of pseudo-renaissance was built by the project of the talented Czech architect Josef Zitek in 1871-1881 yy The attic of the colonnade is decorated with twelve allegorical sculptures from sandstone depicting the months of the year. At the largest Karlovy Vary colonnade derived five mineral springs – Mill source, source of Rusalka, Source of Prince Václav, source Libuse and Rocky source.

Mill Colonnade The mill colonnade

How to get there: from the Tržnice stop (Tržnice – Market), on city ​​bus number 1 or number 4 to the last stop “Lázně III” (Lazne III), and from there 200 m on foot along the Spa Bridge over the river Heat and on the Mill Embankment directly to the Mill Colonnade.

Operating mode: daily, admission free

Sources:

  • The source of Prince Wenceslas – this source, formerly called source of Bernard, displayed in two vases of the source. At the end of XVIII century a powerful fountain source, while comparable to the Geyser, climbed to a height of more than four meters. Its water before used for the production of the Karlovy Vary mineral salt.
  • The source of Prince Wenceslas II – this source, formerly called source of Bernard, displayed in two vases of the source. At the end of XVIII century a powerful fountain source, while comparable to the Geyser, climbed to a height of more than four meters. Its water before used for the production of the Karlovy Vary mineral salt.
  • Source Libuse – formerly called the source of roses Elizabeth, he received his present name only in 1947. Source Libuse is one of the hot mineral springs bred in Karlovy Vary’s largest colonnade, so it enjoys a large popular with holiday makers and visitors to the city.
  • Source Mermaid – from the middle of the eighteenth century it was fixed the name “New Source”, and in 1792-1793. over new source a new wooden promenade was built, the first structure of this type in Karlovy Vary, and at the beginning of the nineteenth century it became the most popular source at the resort.
  • Mill source – a source known already in the XVI century, It belongs to the oldest captured Karlovy Vary thermal sources. In 1705 he was one of the first sources of water who was prescribed for drinking treatment. Mineral water source was bottled in the past and exported by the whole world.
  • Rock source – the source before going to surface of the earth right in the trough of the river Heat. At that time the swamp under Bernard’s rock, in which horses were bathed, was called the Horse a hospital. The source was first caught in 1845 after part of the rock massif was broken off. Above source at that time built a simple wooden canopy.

Garden Colonnade

Openwork cast-iron colonnade left from the concert restaurant The “Blanen Pavilion”, built in 1880 – 1881. by project famous Viennese architects Fellner and Helmer. In 2001 into her on the one hand the Serpentine source was bred, and on the other hand the transition to the basement of the Military Resort Hospital to the Garden source of

Garden Colonnade Sadovaya colonnade

How to get there: from the Tržnice stop (Tržnice – Market), on city ​​bus number 1 or number 4 to the last stop “Lázně III” (Lazne III), and from there 150 m on foot along the Spa Bridge over the river Heat, past the Military Resort Hospital to the Garden Colonnade.

Mode of operation: daily, free entry.

Sources:

  • Snake source – the snake source was the last the publicly available Karlovy Vary source in 2001, when it ended reconstruction of the colonnade. Snake source contains less minerals than other sources, but more carbon gas.
  • Garden spring – the twelfth Karlovy Vary mineral the source is put into the courtyard of the Military Sanatorium and is unavailable for public, but part of it was taken to the basement of the sanatorium, open daily from 6.00 to 18.30 h. To the source you will get from Sadovaya colonnade, which is located in the Dvorak Gardens. Garden spring gained great popularity among the guests of the resort city thanks high content of carbon dioxide.

Sights of Karlovy Vary

Attractions in Karlovy Vary a little. City possesses interesting, beautiful architecture, rich in history, but cultural heritage, of course, he is far behind Prague, Brno, Olomouc.

Church of sv. Peter and Paul – Orthodox Church in Karlovy Vary. The first stone was laid in 1893. The temple was consecrated in 1897. The temple was built in the style of Russian churches of the 17-18 centuries. The length of the temple is 41 m, width 14 meters, the height of the temple under the dome is 21 meters, the height of the bell tower is 40 meters.

Church of St. Peter and Paul Church St. Peter and Paul

Address: Krále Jiřího 2c 360 01 Karlovy Vary Working hours: daily 9.00 – 18.00

Church of sv. Urbana – 16th century church, abandoned after World War II.

Church of St. Urbana Church of sv. Urbana

Address: Sokolovská 360 10 Karlovy Vary

Church of sv. Luke – originally an Anglican church, built for the needs of the Anglo-Saxon visitors of Karlovy Vary. Brick single-nave church with a tower in the style of romantic English Gothic late 19th century.

Church of St. Luke Church St. Luke

Address: Zámecký vrch 4 360 01 Karlovy Vary

Church of sv. Mary Magdalene – located in the the center of the resort area of ​​Karlovy Vary. Roman catholic church built in baroque style. Belongs to important Czech monuments. Church of sv. Mary Magdalene Listed cultural heritage.

Church of St. Mary Magdalene Church St. Mary Magdalene

Address: nám. Svobody 1 360 01 Karlovy Vary

Deer Jump (lookout) – rock with metal statue of a deer (1851). There is a great view from here. city.

Deer Jump (viewing) Deer jump (viewing)

Address: Pod Jelením skokem 26/28 360 01 Karlovy Vary

Diana Lookout Tower – 1914 brick construction on a stone pedestal with a height of 35 m. Equipped with an elevator.

Diana Lookout TowerDiana Lookout Tower

Address: Vrch přátelství 5/1 360 01 Karlovy Vary Mode work: from 9.15 to 18.45.

Loket Castle (czech. Hrad Loket) – stone castle in the Czech Republic, near Karlovy Vary. According to scientists, the castle was erected as border fortress. The castle stands in the bend of the river. Ohrz, which resembles an elbow. From here he got his name.

Loket Castle Castle Loket

The castle is mentioned in 1234. It is not known exactly who it is. founder – prince Vladislav II, king Premysl I or king Vaclav I. In the Middle Ages, the castle had important strategic importance. It was a powerful fortress on the border with the German lands. But after Election of the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, Charles 4, Loket Castle lost its role as a border post. But with the son of Charles 4 – Wenceslas IV Loket expanded and became an even more important fortress.

Inner courtyard of the castle Interior castle courtyard

In the 15th century, Sigismund transferred Loket Castle to a noble family. Schlicks and the castle gradually fell into disrepair. From the beginning of the 19th century to the middle of the 20th century the castle was a prison.

Loket Castle Castle Loket

Now Loket Castle is a cultural monument and is open to the public. like a museum. We recommend climbing the tower of the castle, from which a stunning view of the surroundings. A trip to the castle is better combine with a visit to Karlovy Vary. From Prague Castle is located about 120 km.

Address: Zámecká, Loket Mode of operation: 9.00 to 17.00 Price: No guide: adults – 100 CZK, children, students, pensioners – 80 CZK, family (two adults + two children) – 300 CZK.)

Video

Maps and guides

City Map Attractions of the Karlovy Vary Region

Karlovy Vary on the map of the Czech Republic

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