Caen (France) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Cana with a description, guides and cards.
Caen City (France)
Caen is a city in northwestern France and the center of the department Calvados. It is the historical capital of Lower Normandy, a heritage which was destroyed in the crucible of the Second World War. Kahn – the third the largest city in the region after Le Havre and Rouen. Despite all destruction, its historic center has been restored and contains many atmospheric streets, old buildings, churches and monasteries.
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Geography and climate
Caen is located on the River Orne, 10 km off the English Channel. Climate – moderate marine. Characterized by warm summer, rainy autumn. and cool winters.
Streets of Cana
- The population is more than 100 thousand people.
- The area is 25.70 km2.
- The language is French.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
- Caen has rail links to Paris, Le Mans, Tours, Dijon, Rennom.
The first mention of the city dates back to the 10th century. Kahn was founded the dukes of Normandy and flourished under William the Conqueror, who made it the capital of the duchy. In 1204 the city became part of france. In 1346 he was taken by English attack by the troops. From this time and for 114 years, Kahn belonged English crown. In 1432 there was founded the university.
Panorama of Cana
In 1460 the city returned to France. In the years of the Reformation most of the population was Protestant. Kahn was destroyed in 1944 during the battle for the city. The historic center lay practically in ruins. It has been completely restored and restored in the 60s of the 20th century.
Kahn has an extensive historical center with many narrow streets, old houses and impressive religious buildings. Unfortunately, The old city was seriously damaged in 1944. 2/3 historical cores actually lay in ruins, many monuments were damaged history and culture.
Saint Pierre is a magnificent medieval church that allows see the evolution of architectural styles from early gothic to Renaissance architecture. Construction of the building continued with 13th to 16th century. The church boasts a magnificent 14th spire century, bright gothic interior and capitals of the nave.
Saint-Jean is a medieval church whose construction lasted from the 14th to the 16th century, but was never completed.
Saint-Etienne – the male Benedictine abbey of St.. Stefan, founded in the 11th century by William the Conqueror. This is the main landmark of Cana, which is the top of the Romanesque architecture. The abbey was built over several centuries therefore contains elements of gothic and classicism. Monastery was built by Wilhelm in redemption of marriage with Matilda Flanders, which was not approved by the church due to future kinship spouses. Here the Conqueror was buried. Tomb of wilhelm was ravaged by Calvinists during the Reformation. From his remains only the tibia is preserved. Abbey was closed after Great French Revolution.
Saint-Trinite – the female Benedictine abbey of St. Trinity, founded in the 11th century by the wife of William the Conqueror. Is an a masterpiece of Romanesque-Gothic architecture, despite the reconstruction in the 19th century. The abbey was damaged during the Hundred Years War and closed after the french revolution.
Saint-Étienne-le-Vieux is a magnificent gothic church founded in 11th century and completed in the 15th century. The church was damaged during the time of the Hundred Years War and closed due to poor condition in the 19th century. In 1944 the building was destroyed by a shell and not restored until so far.
Kan Castle – a medieval citadel, founded in the 11th century Wilhelm the Conqueror. Is one of the largest castles Europe. In the period of independence of Normandy, the fortress was the residence the dukes. During the Hundred Years War, the castle was a stronghold of the British on french land. During the Second World War was used as the barracks was therefore very badly damaged.
Memorial de Caen
Memorial de Caen – a monument to fierce battles for Caen in the Second world war and military museum.
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