Izmir

Izmir (Turkey) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Izmir with descriptions, guides and cards.

Izmir (Turkey)

Izmir is a city in the west of Turkey on the Aegean coast. It is the third largest in the country (after Istanbul and Ankara) and the second most important port. Izmir is a dynamic fast-growing metropolis with a rich history and a large number of young people. it city ​​with a unique for Turkey European Mediterranean atmosphere where modern glass facades and wide boulevards side by side with traditional red tiled roofs and old mosques.

Izmir is an ancient city founded more than three thousand years ago. AT antiquity he was called Smyrna. It is a bright city of olives, figs and grapes with a rich cultural and historical heritage, a “hand” to to which the ancient Greeks and Romans, Byzantines and Ottomans applied. Izmir is a great place to relax: beaches and the sea, clubs and bars, sights and ancient monuments. This is a youth city with a large number of universities that are filled with energy and is in constant motion.

  1. Geography and climate
  2. Best time to visit
  3. Practical information
  4. Story
  5. How to get there
  6. Shopping and shopping
  7. Food and drink
  8. sights
  9. Video
  10. Maps and guides
  11. Comments and reviews

Geography and climate

Izmir is located in the west of Turkey in the northeast Aegean Sea. The city is built around a large bay at the mouth of the river. Meles The dominant terrain is low mountains and hills. Climate – Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters. Snow cover and frost are rare.

Average temperatures:

  • January and February 4-13 ° C
  • March and April 6-17 ° C
  • May and June 16-28 ° C
  • July and August 20-33 ° C
  • September and October 15-25 ° C
  • November and December 6-15 ° C

Izmir Night Izmir Night

Best time to visit

The best time to visit Izmir for a beach holiday is the period from June to September If the main goal is to explore the city and its attractions, it is best to come in may-june and September-October.

Practical information

  1. The population is more than 3 million people.
  2. Area – 893.13 square kilometers.
  3. The language is Turkish.
  4. The currency is Turkish Lira.
  5. Visa – for up to 60 days it is enough to have a passport whose actions are more than four months from the date of entry into Turkey
  6. Time – UTC +2, in summer +3.

The Bay of Izmir Izmir Bay

Beaches of Izmir

The Aegean coast of Izmir has several beaches that located near the city center: Foça, Dikili, Urla, Seferihisar and Çeşme.

Story

Izmir is a city with a rich history, during which it experienced both periods of flowering and periods of decline. More than three thousand years ago the ancient Greeks founded the city of Smyrna, in which was located one of the seven churches of the Apocalypse (seven early Christian churches in Asia Minor). In 133 BC The Greek settlement was conquered by Rome. Under the Romans of Smyrna reached its highest peak. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, the city belonged to Byzantium, lost its meaning and came in decay.

In 1076 Smyrna was conquered by the Seljuks, but already in 1102 Byzantium returned control of the city. After the fall Byzantine Empire, Smyrna was captured by the Knights of Malta, later belonged to Genoa. In 1402 the city was conquered Tamerlane. In the 16th century, Smyrna was conquered by the Ottomans.

Izmir Izmir

Although Smyrna became part of the Ottoman Empire, Christians made up the majority of the population. After defeat Ottoman Empire in the First World War the city was occupied Greece According to the Sevres Peace Treaty, he had to withdraw to the Greeks, but Mustafa Kemal and his supporters did not recognize the treaty. 9th of September 1922 Turkish army entered the city. It ended with his burning and massacres of the Christian population. Izmir city became be called since 1928.

How to get there

Izmir is one of the largest transport hubs in Turkey. He is easy available by car, bus, train and plane. Airport It is located 20 km south of the city and is one of the largest country. It has several daily flights to Istanbul, Antalya, Ankara and some major cities in Europe.

Izmir has two railway stations: Basmane and Alsandzhak. Basmane is located in the city center and serves regional the trains. At the station passes the subway line. Alsanjak accepts intercity and suburban trains.

Shopping and shopping

A small shopping center Konak Pier is located on the waterfront (Kordon). The very large Forum shopping complex is in the area. Bornova. In the historic center of the city (Kemeraltı) you can buy souvenirs and traditional products. Here is located bazaar.

Kemeraltı Bazaar Bazaar at Kemeraltı

Food and drink

What to try in Izmir:

  • Fish and seafood. Most fish restaurants concentrated in the waterfront area.
  • Kumru – a warm sandwich with Turkish sausage, grilled cheese and tomatoes
  • Melons.
  • Çi Börek or Tatar cookies.
  • Tulum Peyniri is something like cheese.
  • Copsis Kebab is a local variety of kebab.
  • Boyoz – a product from the test.
  • Gevrek – sweet bagels that are dipped in baking before baking molasses.
  • Köfte – traditional Turkish food (usually meat with rice).

In the Alsancak area, on small streets in old Ottoman houses There are many cafes and bars.

sights

Konak Square Konak Square

The central area of ​​Izmir is Konak. This is a real heart This Turkish city is one of the busiest and most interesting places

Clock tower Clock tower

The Clock Tower is a symbol of Izmir, a 25-meter marble structure, built in 1901 in the center of Konak Square.

Yali Mosque Yali Mosque

Yali Mosque is a small elegant Muslim mosque of the 18th century with colorful tiles around the exterior windows and a thin minaret, located on Konak Square.

Not far from Konak Square is the Kemeralti Bazaar – crazy area full of hustle and bustle. Thousands of small local shops, artisans’ workshops, tea shops, coffee houses, inexpensive eateries are located in the labyrinth of narrow streets. This is one of the most authentic places of Izmir.

Hisar mosque Hisar Mosque

Hisar Mosque – the largest mosque of Izmir, built in 16 century. Surrounded by lively shopping streets of the Izmir bazaar.

Asanser Asanser

Asanser – a historic tower with elevators, built in 1907, to facilitate access from the lower city to the upper. Now this excellent viewing platform.

Kadifekal castle Kadifekal Castle

Kadifekal castle – the ruins of an ancient fortification at the top of a hill whose origins date back to Smyrna. Until our time preserved areas of the walls and gates.

Agora Agora

Agora – the ruins of the ancient Greek and Roman market of ancient Smyrna. Once it was the center of an ancient city with a lively bazaar and public buildings. Now here you can see reconstructed colonnade and gate, arches and vaulted chambers.

Embankment Embankment

One of the most popular places in Izmir is the Kordon Quay. She is extends along the sea from Konak Square to the Alsancak district.

Interesting places around Izmir

Hilt Hilt

Ephesus is one of the most famous attractions of Turkey, the striking ruins of the ancient city. This is a unique cultural the landscape with the heritage of the Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman periods.

The main attractions of Ephesus:

  • Isa Bey Mosque – an outstanding work of architecture Seljuks. It is one of the oldest and most important examples. Muslim architecture in Anatolia.
  • The house of the Virgin is a Christian shrine. A little older the building where according to legend the Virgin Mary lived after the death of Christ and persecution of Christians.
  • St. John’s Basilica – a church built in honor of John The theologian who lived for some time and preached in Smirne.
  • The library of Celsus is one of the symbols of Ephesus, the ruins of the ancient library built in honor of the Roman Senator Celsus.
  • The Temple of Artemis – the ruins of one of the seven wonders of the world.
  • Ancient terraced houses of rich Romans.
  • The Bolshoi Theater is a magnificent antique building that accommodated 24,000 spectators.
  • Temple of Hadrian – one of the most beautiful buildings of Ephesus, built in honor of the Roman emperor Hadrian.

Pergamon (Pergamum) Pergamum

Pergamon (Pergamum) – the ruins of an ancient city located on top of kale hill and listed UNESCO heritage. Here was the capital of the state of Attalides. Pergamum is an outstanding example of urban planning. Hellenistic period with monumental architecture, ancient temples, theaters, library. The brightest attractions are the temple of Athena, the coolest theater the Hellenistic period, the library, the great altar, the temple of Dionysus, agora and water supply system. Also the cultural landscape of Pergamon was diluted with Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman constructions.

Irince Inceirince

Inceirince is a small settlement with atmospheric narrow streets and old, a little dilapidated houses.

Birgi (Birgi) Birgi (Birgi)

Birgi (Birgi) – a small ancient town with charming streets and stone houses.

Video

Maps and guides

Map

Izmir on the map of Turkey

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