Nimes (France) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Nîmes are with descriptions, guides and cards.
City of Nimes (France)
Nîmes is a city in the south of France in the region of Occitania. Located near the Rhone Valley and is the capital of the Gard department. Nim – one of the oldest cities in the country, which literally froze on the threshold of antiquity. Ancient Roman monuments scattered throughout historical center and some of them have been preserved in an ideal (for his age) condition. Also neem has a charming old a city with cozy green streets, squares and cafes, which retained the atmosphere of the southern French province and the rich historical heritage.
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Geography and climate
It is located at the foot of the Garrig Plateau, 20 km west of the Rhone. The city is located on the border of Provence, 35 km from the coast Mediterranean Sea. Neem is one of the warmest cities in France. is he It has a Mediterranean climate, hot summer, humid warm autumn and mild winter
- The population is more than 140 thousand people.
- The area is 161.85 km2.
- The language is French.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
- Nimes is located on the Montpellier-Avignon railway line. Also by train to the city can be reached from Paris, Lyon and Lille
- The C30 bus connects him with Arlem.
- A small international airport is located 20 km from the city. It operates flights to London, Liverpool, Brussels.
- Local specialty is cod with mashed potatoes, milk, garlic and olive oil. Also popular is Gardiane de Taureau – beef stew with vegetables.
In ancient times, Nimes was the capital of the Celtic Wolk tribe. B 121 year BC these lands were conquered by the Roman Empire. City on the site of the Gallic settlement was founded under Emperor Augustus. AT this period in Nimes lived more than 50 thousand people, and he himself was surrounded by a ring of fortress walls. The Romans built an aqueduct here and Amphitheater – one of the largest in the Roman Empire. Nim reached highest bloom in the 3rd century. In the future, the palm moved to nearby Arles.
Nimes became a colony of Rome in 28 BC. The city was called Nemavus and was the capital of the province of Narbonne.
Panorama of Nimes
In the period of the collapse of the Roman Empire, Neem was plundered by vandals, and then the Visigoths. Later the city was captured by the Arabs, whom expelled francs. After the collapse of the empire of Charlemagne, Neem became part of the possessions of the counts of Toulouse. In 1229 the city was annexed to the French kingdom.
During the Reformation, Neem was one of the Huguenot centers movement. This resulted in several violent religious collisions. By the middle of the 17th century, Neem was in a heyday, which ended with the advent of the French Revolution.
Amphitheater (Arena) – an impressive ancient building, which is the most important monument of the Roman era and a witness to the ancient history of the city. The amphitheater dates back to the 1st century AD. and fit 24,000 viewers. It is one of the largest facilities of its kind in the world and probably the best preserved. Sixty graceful the arches of the exterior are decorated in the lower part with pilasters, and in the upper part – decorative Doric semi-columns. Amphitheater had over 100 inputs – outputs and could fill / empty for a few minutes
In the 5th century, the amphitheater was transformed into a fortress, and in the Middle Ages to the knight’s castle. Its ancient structure was restored completely. recently. Now it is used for various cultural events and bullfights.
Maison Carré is an amazing building that is one of rare, fully preserved classical Roman temples. it The structure was built between 20 and 12 BC. during the reign of the emperor Augustus and was one of the main temples of the ancient Forum. Maison Carré was inspired by the temples of Apollo and Mars in Rome and is distinguished by harmonious classical proportions. The facade has 15 high corinthian columns. In the Middle Ages, the temple was used as monastery.
Jardins de laFontaine
Jardins de la Fontaine (Gardens of the Source) – beautiful garden park located on the site of an ancient source not far from Maison Carré. The richly decorated gardens were laid out. around the former fortified ramparts in the 18th century. They have several levels decorated with fountains and sculptures. Here you can also discover the mysterious ruins of the ancient roman temple of Diana.
La Tour Magne
La Tour Magne – the ancient tower located at the top of the Jardins de la Fontaine. This is all that remains of the Roman fortifications. Nima.
Gate of Augustus
The gates of Augustus are ancient Roman gates that provided access to the city through fortifications. They are located on the antique the road that led to Rome. The gate is believed to date back 15 century BC and were later incorporated into the walls of the medieval fortress. They were discovered at the end of the 18th century.
Notre-Dame-i-Saint-Castor-de-Nîmes – cathedral in Romanesque-Gothic style, built on the site of a former Roman the temple. The church was built in the 11th century and damaged during Huguenot Wars.
Church of sv. Perpetui
Church of sv. Perpetua – a beautiful eclectic church with high bell tower. It was completed in 1864. Church goes on Esplanade Charles de Gaulle with shady plane trees, in the center of which installed a beautiful fountain. The sculpture of a woman on it symbolizes Maison Carrè, and the sculptures below are four sources feeding Nim.
Church of sv. Bodilee
Church of sv. Bodile is a neo-gothic church built between 1867 and 1877 years.
Museums of Nîmes:
- Carré d’Art – Museum of Contemporary Art.
- Musée du Vieux Nîmes – the museum of old Nimes with collections, illustrating the history of the city from the Middle Ages to the present day.
- Musée des Cultures Taurines – Museum of bullfighting, located in a few steps from the ancient amphitheater.
- Musée des Beaux-Arts – a museum of fine arts with collections French, Flemish, Dutch, German, Italian and Spanish artists.
- Musée de la Romanité is an archeological museum that contains several thousand exhibits from prehistoric iron items century to Gallo-Roman times.
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