Helsinki (Finland) – detailed information about the city from a photo. The main attractions of Helsinki with a description, guides and maps.
City Helsinki (Finland)
Helsinki – the capital of Finland and the provincial capital Uusimaa It is the largest city in the country, located in its southern parts on the shores of the Gulf of Finland. Helsinki – beautiful modern a city that was built after the pattern of St. Petersburg after the fire that destroyed 1/3 of the historical core. As a result The Finnish capital received a neoclassical center with wide beautiful streets and boulevards. Helsinki is a city with the makings of a metropolis, which still kept the provincial character and measured rhythm of life.
- Geography and climate
- Practical information
- Maps and guides
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Geography and climate
Helsinki is located in the south of Finland on the coast of the Gulf of Finland Baltic Sea. The city grew up on a rocky coastline with minor elevation differences. The historic center is located on the peninsula. The climate of Helsinki is moderate, transitional from sea to continental. The summer is cool and the winter is pretty cold and snowy.
Helsinki in winter
- Population – more than 640 thousand people (agglomeration 1.3 million).
- The area is 715.48 km2.
- Language – Finnish and Swedish.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – UTC +2, in summer +3.
- The best time to visit is summer and winter.
- Tourist Information Center is located at the corner of the streets. Pohjoisesplanadi and Unioninkatu (near the Market Square).
- The international airport is located 18 km north of the city and is the largest in Finland. The best and cheapest way to get to Helsinki from neighboring countries – by ferry. Regular ferry service has been established with the following cities: St. Petersburg, Tallinn, Stockholm, Gdynia (Poland), Rostock (Germany).
- Helsinki’s main shopping street is Aleksanterinkatu. On her there are many shops and the largest department store in Scandinavia – Stockmann. Parallel to the Esplanadi street with a lot branded boutiques. 15 minutes from the city center is the largest shopping center of Scandinavia – Itis (metro station Itäkeskus). Big shopping center in the center of Helsinki – Kampin Keskus.
- Markets – Hakaniemen (food and souvenirs), Vanha kauppahalli (old Market Hall), Kauppatori (Market Square).
- Going to a restaurant in Helsinki is quite expensive. Budget food: fast food, pizza and various kebabs.
Helsinki was founded in 1550 by the Swedish king Gustav Vasa. The first settlement arose on the site of the modern district of Arabia and was called Gammelstadt. But the harbor here was too shallow and the city was moved to another place (in the area of the modern Market square). The new settlement was named Helsingfors. Gradually two settlements united in one city.
Until the mid-16th century, Helsinki was a small provincial city with wooden buildings. In 1748, the Swedes began construction of the fortress Sveaborg, which was designed to protect coast from the sea. During this period, the first to appear in Helsinki stone houses. During the 18th – 19th century, Russian troops were four times captured the city until in 1809 Finland became a part Russian Empire.
Market Square in Helsini
In 1808, much of the city was damaged by a strong by fire. In 1812, Helsinki was declared the capital of Finnish princedoms In 1816 he was appointed chief architect of the city. German Karl Ludwig Engel, who rebuilt the center of Helsinki in modern neoclassical look.
In 1918, Helsinki – the capital of independent Finland. City was bombed during the Soviet-Finnish war in 1939 and World War II. In 1952, Helsinki hosted the summer Olympiad.
There are no attractions in the historic center of Helsinki period of the Middle Ages, since the city was founded only in the 16th century and in fact, it was built in the 19th century along the lines of St. Petersburg. The However, Helsinki is a beautiful modern city that is excellent suitable for walking and visiting on the weekend.
Sveaborg or Suomenlinna – a UNESCO World Heritage Site, located 20 minutes from the center of Helsinki. This building was built in the 18th century on the island to protect the coast of the Gulf of Finland from the sea and is often called the Swedish castle. The fortress was taken Russian troops and later expanded. Until our time in Sveaborg preserved some old buildings, many fortifications, catacombs and cast iron guns. Island Visits – free. The best way to get here is to take the ferry, which dispatched from the Market Square.
Market Square or in Finnish Kauppatori – main square Helsinki and one of the oldest places in the Finnish capital, where held one of the most famous street markets in North Europe. The area is located on the coast of the Baltic Sea and famous for Finnish products and souvenirs.
The Cathedral is the main Lutheran temple of Helsinki, which is an architectural dominant of the Senate Square and one of city symbols. The cathedral was completed by the project of Carl Ludwig Engel in 1852. It is an impressive white building. marble, built in the style of classicism.
Assumption Cathedral – one of the most impressive buildings Helsinki. This Orthodox church is the largest in Western Europe. It is a beautiful brick building with numerous towers topped with golden domes.
Temppeliaukio – Lutheran church of very unusual architecture, built right into the rock in the late 1960s. It has minimalist interior and excellent acoustics.
Railway railway station
Railway station – original building in style. Art Nouveau.
Church of sv. John’s
Church of sv. John is Finland’s largest stone church, built in the late 19th century in the style of the Gothic Renaissance.
Finland Hall is a white Carrara marble building which was built in 1971 and serves as a concert and conference rooms.
Central a park
Places of interest in Helsinki:
- Keskuspuisto – a huge central park with an area of over 1000 ha
- Seurasaari – a small island north of the center of Helsinki, filled with hiking trails and authentic old Finnish houses.
- Helsinki Zoo, which is located on the island of Korkeasaari and has 200 species of animals.
- Kaivopuisto is a beautiful park by the sea in the southern part of the city.
- Linnanmäki – amusement park numbering 43 attraction.
- Sibelius Park dedicated to the famous Finnish composer. Known for the original monument of large metal pipes, who make music under the influence of the wind.
National the museum
Interesting museums of Helsinki:
- Museum of the famous Finnish artist Gallen-Kallela, located in a picturesque location on the shores of Laahalahti Bay in East Helsinki.
- Finnish National Museum – a collection of archaeological artifacts, the Finno-Ugric collection with traditional costumes and objects of everyday culture, exposition of the history of Finland from the Middle Ages to modern times.
- The Finnish National Art Museum – more than 600 paintings, in including works by Rembrandt, Van Gogh, Gallen-Kallela. The museum located on the south side of the station square in beautiful neoclassical building of the late 19th century.
Maps and guides