Graz (Austria) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Graz with a description, guides and cards.
City of Graz (Austria)
Graz is a city in south-eastern Austria, the capital of Styria. Is an the second most populous city in the country after Vienna. Graz boasts one of the best preserved historical centers in Europe, which is included in the list of objects UNESCO World Heritage Site and filled with grandiose baroque buildings and interesting sights. Over picturesque Altstadtom rises a large hill – Schlossberg. Many of preserved historic buildings built under the influence Italian architectural styles. And Graz is important cultural, educational and scientific center of Europe.
- Geography and climate
- Practical information
- How to get there
- Shopping and shopping
- Food and drink
- Maps and guides
- Comments and reviews
Geography and climate
Graz is located on the River Mure, 200 km south-west of Vienna near the border with Slovenia and 50 km from the Slovenian Maribor. The climate is temperate. Because of its position, southeast of the Alps, Graz is protected from cold westerly and northerly winds. Much more here warmer than the rest of Austria and more sunny days.
- The population is 280 thousand people.
- The area is 127.56 square kilometers.
- The language is German.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
- The tourist information center is located at Herrengasse, sixteen.
The roots of Graz go back to the Roman past. The romans was built a small fort in the place where the old city is located now. AT Middle Ages Slovenes built a larger fortress. Title “Graz” comes from the Slovenian word “gradec”, which means small castle.
Graz was first mentioned in 1128, when the Dukes of Babenberg turned this place into a major trading city. In the 15th century with Habsburg city became the capital of Inner Austria. In the 16th century Graz was repeatedly attacked by the Turks. Although a fortress located on Schlossberg, has never been taken. During World War II, the city was liberated by Soviet troops and practically not affected by the bombing.
How to get there
Graz Airport is located 9 km south of the center. He is bound regular flights to Amsterdam, Frankfurt, Istanbul, Munich, Stuttgart, Zurich. From the airport to the center can be reached by bus 630, 631 and by train S5.
The main station (Hauptbahnhof) is located on the western edge historical center. Direct trains run to Graz from Vienna, Salzburg, Zurich, Zagreb, Budapest. Near the city pass motorways A9 and A2.
Shopping and shopping
Do not forget to buy a bottle of “Kernöl” (pumpkin seed oil). it The oil is typical for Styria and has a unique and pleasant taste. Him available in the Kaiser-Josef-Platz, Lendplatz area.
The most important shopping street of Graz is Herrengasse. Many shops located in the Mariahilferstraße, Schmiedgasse, Sporgasse. City Park Shopping Center is located on the southwestern outskirts of the center. Graz. Large shopping centers outside the historic center: Shopping City Seiersberg (can be reached by bus 78) and Murpark (tram line 4).
Christmas market in Graz
Food and drink
Typical Styrian cuisine is a mix of Austrian cuisine with Mediterranean influence. Typical dishes: pumpkin soup, Styrian chicken breast with corn, yoghurt with herbal sauce, anise cookies, Styrian chicken breaded with herbs, roll with nuts, smoked trout in tartar sauce, kipferl with seeds pumpkins, trout with wine riesling, fried apple rings, fillets beef with mashed potatoes and celery, pumpkin cream with vegetables, beef steak with beans.
The old town (Altstadt) of Graz is the object of the World UNESCO heritage and contains many medieval houses and buildings in Italian Renaissance style, secret courtyards and narrow streets. The main square – Hauptplatz, located on the left bank of the river Mure It has a statue of the Archduke Johann.
Main square in the winter
At Hauptplatz is the town hall, built in the late 19th century, 17th century Luegg historic house with an attractive arcade facade and stucco decoration.
To the west of the main square is the Gothic Franciscan church (Franziskanerkirche), known for its high western the tower of the 17th century and the late gothic nave with ribbed vaulted ceiling. Be sure to walk through the pedestrian Herrengasse area with its many beautiful old mansions including a beautiful picturesque house (Gemaltes Haus) with frescoes 18th century.
Clock tower on grief Schlossberg
Schlossberg (“Castle Hill”) is one of the most popular The sights of Graz, where a stunning view of the Old city. Massive medieval fortifications were mainly dismantled after the Vienna Treaty in 1809. Survived only old clock tower of the 13th century.
The hill has a height of 473 meters. You can climb it funicular railway There are also several others here. Attractions: Turkish well area of 94 meters (Türkenbrunnen) and the 35-meter bell tower (Glockenturm) of 1588 since eight-ton bell.
Styrian arsenal (Landeszeughaus) – the largest collection historical weapons in the world. The Armory was created in 1642 and today is the only surviving original state arsenal in Europe. Includes over 30 thousand exhibits which cover historical periods from the 15th to the 19th century. Collections include: weapons for ordinary soldiers and sophisticated sets of armor for nobility, small arms and accessories, artillery, steel arms.
Landhaus (Landhaus) – one of the best buildings in the Renaissance style Austria. Located in the heart of the old town on Herrengasse. This building with a magnificent facade was built in 1565. It has beautiful arcade courtyard and Renaissance fountain, luxurious halls and refined ceilings.
Graz Cathedral is a late gothic church built between 1438-1462 years on the site of an earlier religious structure. Of particular note is the main portal, decorated with the emblem of the emperor Frederick III. On the southern wall you can find the remains Late Gothic frescoes of the 15th century. The interior of the church is made in baroque style.
Mausoleum of the emperor Ferdinand II and the Church of Sts. Catherine
The mausoleum was built by an Italian architect on request. Emperor Ferdinand II in 1614. This is one of the first domes structures outside of Italy. The interior of the mausoleum is decorated with complex frescoes. There is also a red marble sarcophagus, built for the mother of Ferdinand – Mary of Bavaria.
Mariatrost Basilica (Birth of the Virgin Mary) – beautiful baroque basilica located on top of a hill. It has a beautiful interior in Baroque style, impressive altar and frescoes. From the basilica a stunning view of the surroundings.
Church of the Holy Hearts
The Church of the Sacred Heart is a neo-Gothic church built in 1887 It is the largest religious building in Graz and It has the third largest church tower in Austria (109.6 m), and also stunning stained glass windows.
Eggenberg – a stunning Baroque palace from 1635 four towers in the corners, located three kilometers to the west from the city center. Built on the site of an ancient medieval castle 13th century. Inside you can look at over 600 gorgeous works of art, including lapidary from one of the largest collections of Roman stones in Austria, a collection of coins and a gallery in which presents works from the Romanesque and late baroque.
The Kunsthaus is a museum of modern art located in stunning innovative building.
Murinsel – an artificial island built of steel in 2003 year The middle part consists of a unique amphitheater, used for concerts and other events, as well as cafes and playground with rope labyrinth.
Maps and guides
Graz guide with map