Girona (Spain) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Girona with a description, guides and cards.
City of Girona (Spain)
Girona is a city in Spain in the autonomy of Catalonia, the capital the province of the same name. Located in the northeastern part of the country on the river Onyar, which divides it into two parts: the left bank – modern buildings, right – the medieval historical center. Girona is one of the oldest cities in Spain with one of the last well-preserved Jewish neighborhoods. For its history the city survived several dozen sieges, which explains its powerful fortifications that still surround the historic center. Fans Games of Thrones can learn the medieval stone streets of Girona by 6th season where they belonged to the city of Braavos.
Girona is often called the gateway to popular resorts. Costa Brava as well as a starting point for many passengers low cost airlines heading to Barcelona. North the province’s borders approach the Catalan Pyrenees, where ski resorts. Most tourists immediately go to coast or to Barcelona, without paying attention to Girona. What of course but in vain! The city has preserved the medieval old center, the ancient fortifications and historic atmosphere.
- Geography and climate
- Best time to visit
- Practical information
- How to get there
- Shopping and shopping
- Food and drink
- Maps and guides
- Comments and reviews
Geography and climate
Girona is located in the far northeast of Spain near border with France and the Costa Brava. The city crosses the river Onyar. The average height above sea level – 81 m. Climate – wet subtropical. Summer is hot and dry. The hottest months are July and August. Winters are mild with occasional negative temperatures.
Best time to visit
The best time to visit is April-October. In the summer there may be quite hot.
- The population is 99 thousand people.
- The area is 39.14 square kilometers.
- Language – Spanish and Catalan (Catalan).
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
- The tourist information center is located at – Rambla de la Llibertat, 1.
In place of Girona, on the way to Gaul, the Iberians built fortress. Under the Romans, the fortified city was already located here. Gerunda. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, Girona belonged Westgoths In the 715 century, the city was conquered by the Moors, but in 785 he was conquered by Charlemagne. The Mauritanian influence is practically not reflected on its architecture. For several centuries Girona was a military base in the wars against the Moors.
In the 9th century, the city joined Barcelona, retaining autonomy until 13th century. In the middle of the 14th century the county of Girona was granted by the king Aragon heir to the throne. Since then, the title “Prince of Girona” has become official for the future of the king. In the 14-16 centuries, the city was one of the most important on the western coast of the Mediterranean. Girona It had one of the largest Jewish communities in Spain.
Surprisingly, in its long history Girona survived 25 sieges and 7 times was taken. From the 17th to the 18th century, the city was captured several times. the french.
How to get there
Girona is located 98 km from Barcelona. From the capital of Catalonia here easily accessible by train, bus or car. Airport located 20 km south of the city. Hourly to Girona and Barcelona buses are sent. Also on buses and trains can be reached from some cities in France and Spain. There are direct speed trains Paris – Barcelona.
Streets of Girona
Shopping and shopping
Girona’s old town mainly contains tourist shops. Although there is a fairly large selection of shops with known brands. Saturday in the park northwest of downtown held a market.
Food and drink
Traditional Girona specialties: small tortillas with bacon, sausages, stew with peas, fried anchovies, hare with chestnuts, soup with mint or thyme, cod dishes, Xuixo (similar to french croissant), fried potatoes balls with meat. We recommend to avoid popular tourist places: Rambla de la Libertat and Plaça Independencia. Many cafes and restaurants does not guarantee the quality of food and service.
Night streets Girona
Girona is the sparkling ancient pearl of Catalonia. This The medieval walled city has a rich cultural and historical heritage from the ancient Romans to the Jews. Historical the center is located on the right bank of the river Onyar with colorful houses adjacent to the shore.
Girona’s old town has two areas surrounded by ancient Fortified walls: Força Vella, in which it was located the original Roman city, founded more than 2,000 years ago, and medieval quarter, which expanded it in the XIV and XV centuries. These atmospheric ancient areas filled with narrow pedestrian streets and impressive medieval buildings. The first city fortifications Girona was built by the Romans, strengthened by Charlemagne and in 14 century. The ancient walls of the city can not only be viewed, but also stroll through them.
The Jewish Quarter or El Call is one of the best preserved in Spain. This is a maze of tiny cobbled lanes and stone stairs 12-15 centuries, where you can get lost. In the Middle century this quarter was an important synagogue and centers of learning Kabbalists.
The Cathedral or Church of Santa Maria is one of the most spectacular sights of Girona. The cathedral was built between the 11th and 18th centuries. It is a combination of different architectural styles, including the Romanesque monastery and the Gothic nave, which is the widest in the world. Inside the cathedral is located a museum showing important religious works.
The river Onyar crosses all of Girona and is its integral part. Famous colorful houses that cling to the edge rivers, have long become a symbol of the city. We recommend to see stone bridge with arches Pont de Pedra and bridge Pont de les Peixateries Velles, designed by Gustav Eiffel.
Arab baths, in fact, look more like a Roman. They were built in the 12th century, inspired by ancient Roman terms. These the buildings worked until the 14th century. Entrance hall with central pool and slender decorative columns is the most impressive.
Sant Pere is a medieval Benedictine monastery, one of The most beautiful examples of Romanesque architecture in all of Catalonia. is he It was built in the 12th century, however there is evidence that The original structure dates back to the 10th century.
Sant Feliu – the impressive basilica and the first cathedral Girona. The church was founded in the 10th century. It has a gothic nave and Baroque facade from the 13th – 18th centuries. High bell tower built between 14 and 16 centuries.
Sant Domenech was built between the 13th and 14th centuries and is one of the first gothic buildings in catalonia. It includes magnificent old church.
St. Daniel – a medieval monastery built on the outskirts Girona in a lush green valley. The monastery is a tomb St. Daniel.
The largest park of Girona is Devesa. It covers an area more than 40 hectares and is considered the largest in Catalonia. This is the perfect place. for walking or even a small picnic.
The most interesting museums of Girona:
- Archaeological Museum in the monastery of Sant Pere.
- Art Museum in the old episcopal palace. Contains collections of art from the Romanesque period to the beginning of the 20th century.
- Museum of Jewish History – details the history of Jewish medieval communities in Catalonia and the kingdom of Aragon from 9 to 15 century.
- Historical Museum – artifacts from Antiquity to modern times. The museum includes 14 exhibition halls.
Maps and guides
City Map Tourist Map