Geneva (Switzerland) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. Descriptions of the main sights of Geneva, guides and cards.
City of Geneva (Switzerland)
Geneva is the second most populous city in Switzerland and the capital of the eponymous French-speaking canton. Located on southwest of the country on the picturesque lake of Geneva. Geneva is a city with an amazing cosmopolitan atmosphere that is Headquarters for many well-known international organizations: European Office of the United Nations, Red Cross, World Organization health care. The historical core rises on a hillside above the Rhone River and from three sides is surrounded by a ring of buildings and wide streets that follow the contours of the old fortifications.
Geneva is a very proud city. She became the canton of Switzerland only in 1803. Geneva has been independent since at least the 16th century. republic. The official language is French, in which says the vast majority of the population and written all the street signs and signs.
- Geography and climate
- Practical information
- How to get there
- Maps and guides
- Comments and reviews
Geography and climate
Geneva is located in the southwestern part of Lake Geneva at the origins of the Rhone. The city is surrounded by ridges of the Alps and the Jura. West of center Geneva, the Arv River flows into the Rhone.
View of Geneva lake
The climate is temperate sea with mild winters and warm summers. Autumn and winter in Geneva is quite rainy. Near the city are located ski resorts Verbier and Crans-Montana.
From anywhere in Geneva you can see the highest peak of the Alps – Mont blanc
- The population is more than 200 thousand people.
- The area is 15.93 km².
- The language is French.
- Currency – Swiss franc.
- Time – UTC +1, summer +2.
- Visa – Schengen.
- The highest point – 378 m.
- Popular purchases: chocolate, cheese, wine, swiss multipurpose knives, cuckoo clocks, wrist watches.
- Geneva is one of the most expensive cities in the world and Switzerland. Behind shopping is better to go to neighboring France. Many budget places located around the train station, in the Paquis area and street de l’Ecole de Médecine.
- Many bars and clubs are located southwest of the old cities.
Geneva is a very ancient city. The first settlements here arose more than two thousand years ago. In 120 BC, the Romans captured a large city of the Celts, which was founded at the origins of the Rhone. In the 4th century most of the inhabitants of Geneva accept Christianity. In the 9th century the city becomes part of the Holy Roman Empire.
Geneva is first mentioned in the Gallic War Notes. It is believed that the name of the city comes from the Celtic word genawa, which means “river bend”.
Interestingly, in English, Geneva is written as Geneva, French – Genève, in German – Genf, in Italian – Ginevra.
Geneva in winter
In the 16th century, Geneva became one of the centers of European Reformation. Future Protestants sought refuge here. In the 16th century Geneva, Zurich and Bern make a military alliance. At the end of the 18th century Napoleon annexed the city to France, but already in 1815 (after Congress of Vienna) Geneva again became part of the Swiss Confederation. After World War I, Geneva was located headquarters of the League of Nations.
How to get there
Geneva is a major transportation center. Her airport is served almost all European carriers, including budget airlines (for example, Easy Jet) with destinations such as Amsterdam, Barcelona, Berlin, Edinburgh, London, Madrid, Manchester and Paris. Transcontinental flights from Washington, New York, Montreal and Beijing.
From the airport to the city center can be reached free of charge at public transport. To do this with a ticket machine, located in the baggage claim area, you need to print a ticket. is he 80 minutes valid only with a boarding pass (ticket for aircraft).
Geneva is easily accessible by train from almost any city. Switzerland. International trains include destinations such as: Paris, Milan, Rome, Florence, Venice and Marseille.
Cathedral Saint Pierre Cathedral
Saint Pierre Cathedral – the most famous landmark of Geneva. This is a grand Romanesque church. was built in the 12th century and is located at the highest point old town. In the 16th century, the founder preached in the cathedral Calvinism and the prominent personality of the Reformation – John Calvin. In that period the cathedral lost most of its rich internal decorations
The towers of the cathedral began to be built in the 13th century. The spire has been set to the end of the 19th century, replacing the tower destroyed by fire in the 15th century. Nave The Cathedral ends with a 12th-century choir and a semicircular apse with in short transepts. Recommended when visiting the cathedral to pay focus on the gorgeous late roman and early gothic capitals. Beautiful stained glass is a copy of the original from the 15th century, which are kept in a museum. In the southwest corner is a chapel in late gothic style. Under the cathedral were found the remains of the Roman and early Christian settlement.
Zhe Do – a symbol of Geneva, a large fountain on Lake Geneva. It is a stream of water that rises to a height of more than 140 meters.
Burg de four
Bourg de Four is the most charming and atmospheric square of the old cities. It is located on the site of an ancient Roman forum and more late medieval market. The area has beautiful architecture, 18th century fountain and Clementine monument.
Palace of Nations
The Palace of Nations is one of the centers of world diplomacy, in which Now the European office of the United Nations is located (formerly headquarters League of Nations). It is a large complex of monumental marble buildings.
Globe of science and innovation
The globe of science and innovation – a symbol of CERN, a wooden structure 27 meters high and 40 meters in diameter. Within its walls is the exhibition “Universe of particles”, which offers visitor exciting journey into the world of particles to the big an explosion.
Museums of Geneva
- Museum of Art and History – one of the largest museums in Switzerland with collections of applied and visual arts and archeology, weapons, as well as Greek, Roman, Etruscan and Egyptian antiquities.
- Patek Philip Museum – watch collection.
- Ariana Museum – dedicated to the production of ceramics and glass.
Maps and guides