Cordoba (Spain) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Cordoba with a description, guides and cards.
City of Cordoba (Spain)
Cordoba – a city in southern Spain, the capital of the eponymous province. Located in the autonomy of Andalusia on the slopes of the Sierra Morena on the right the banks of the Guadalquivir. Cordoba – an ancient city with a unique Moorish atmosphere, sometimes called “Western Mecca.” This is a charming maze of narrow winding streets, whitewashed houses decorated with flowers and some of the most magnificent Muslim structures in Europe. Cordova was founded yet by the Romans. And in the Middle Ages was one of the largest capitals Europe, surpassing even Rome and Paris.
- Geography and climate
- Best time to visit
- Practical information
- How to get there
- Shopping and shopping
- Food and drink
- Maps and guides
- Comments and reviews
Geography and climate
Cordoba is located in the center of Andalusia in southern Spain. To North from the city there are hills (some of them are called mountains) Sierra Morena. Their average height is about 400 meters. City located in the Guadalquivir river basin.
The climate is Mediterranean. Winters are usually mild. Although sometimes there are frosts due to distance from the coast. Summer is very hot with significant daily heat fluctuations and maximum temperatures that are among the most high in Europe.
Best time to visit
The most ideal time to visit Cordoba is April-June and September October. In summer it is very hot and temperatures are not uncommon. above 40 degrees.
- The population is 325.9 thousand people. Third largest population of the city of Andalusia and the twelfth in Spain.
- The area is 1253 square kilometers.
- The language is Spanish.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
- Tourist information centers are located at: C / Rey Heredia, 22 – Antiguo Colegio Julio Romero de Torres and C / Torrijos, 10.
The settlement on the site of Cordoba has been known since the days of the Phoenicians. AT 3 century BC, it was captured by the Romans. Under the emperor Augustus Cordoba became the center of the Roman province of Betik. After the fall of the Roman Empire the city was conquered by the Vandals, then Visigoths and Byzantium.
In 711, the Iberian Peninsula was seized by Arabs and Berbers. AT 756 Cordoba became the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate. During their The city reached its peak of power and development. By the 10th century Cordoba has become one of the largest cities in Europe, the center of the Arab science and culture. During this period, the city’s population was approaching one million.
Streets of Cordoba
In 1031, the Cordoba Caliphate fell apart. In 1070 Cordova was captured by the emir of Seville. After that, the city lost its value. In 1263, Cordoba became part of Castile kingdom Today it is one of the best preserved ancient cities in Spain, with an extensive historical center and landmarks that is an object UNESCO World Heritage Site.
How to get there
Cordoba Airport hardly accepts regular commercial flights. The nearest major airports are in Seville, Malaga and Madrid From the airports of these cities by train or bus you need get to the main stations, and from there you can easily get to Cordova.
The train station is located in the northern part of the historic center. Across the road is the bus station. High-speed trains run to Madrid, Seville, Malaga and even Barcelona. Regular bus service the message is available from almost every city in Andalusia, and the capital of Spain.
Shopping and shopping
The main shopping area of Cordoba is located near the Plaza de las Tendillas. From traditional products in demand ceramics and decorations.
Panorama historical center
Food and drink
Cordoba is one of the gastronomic capitals of Andalusia, Delicious mix of traditional Spanish and Oriental cuisine. Typical dishes: salmorejo and gazpacho, beans and asparagus with scrambled eggs, lamb casserole, roasted pig, bull stew, flamenkines (ham slices stuffed with cheese), artichokes with pork loin. Olive oil and excellent local wine are the perfect complement to this delicious kitchen.
The old town of Cordoba has preserved unique sights. Arab period. The grandest monument is Mesquite
Mezquita or the Great Mosque – a masterpiece of Islamic architecture, which is considered one of the brightest monuments of the Moorish Heritage in Spain. The construction of the mosque began in the 8th century. On throughout its history, it has expanded several times. Mosque was rebuilt into a Christian cathedral in 1523. In spite of this, the structure has preserved many original elements and structure. The contrast between Christian and Islamic architecture serves reminder of the multicultural past of Cordoba.
The construction is famous for its “forest” of columns (of which more than 800), crowned with red and white stripes and arches of Arabian style. The gates of Puerta del Perdon lead to the picturesque Patio de los Naranjos, in which grow orange trees and palm trees. Massive the bell tower on the north side of the building in the 16th century replaced minaret.
The Roman bridge or Puerto Romano is one of the symbols of the city. This The ancient bridge consists of 16 arches. It was built after the victory Caesar over Pompey the Great. The medieval bridge was built in Umayyad rule on the Roman foundations.
Confusion of narrow medieval streets surrounding the Mezquita, hides other interesting sights of Cordoba.
Old jewish quarter
Juderia is the old Jewish quarter. This is one of the most atmospheric places of the old city with narrow streets, old houses, cozy flowering courtyards and quiet small squares. This area has a special charm. Here are two important Jewish Monument: 15th century synagogue in the style of Mudejar and the Casa Museum de sepharad.
Palace de viana
The Palace of Viana is an aristocratic palace known for its Andalusian style patios with decorative fountains and lush landscaping.
Alcazar de los reyes
Alcazar de los Reyes – the castle of Christian monarchs, located near the roman bridge. This is one of the oldest places of the city where you can even find traces of ancient roman of the past. This former palace was home to the Moorish rulers. Cordoba, until the city was conquered by the Castilian kings. Before the main building is the square where during the period of the caliphate were executed Christian martyrs. Some of the ancient protective walls and castle towers belong to the Moorish era, but most, including the tower of the Inquisition, were built later when the monarchs Castile improved citadel. Alcazar is a typical example. Andalusian architecture, which consists of various halls and picturesque courtyards. Fortress Museum contains a collection antiquities, including the beautiful roman mosaics. Inside the ancients the walls are beautiful gardens in Arabic style with decorative pools and fountains.
Church San Lorenzo
San Lorenzo – one of the most beautiful medieval churches Cordoba. Like many ancient Andalusian religious buildings, it was rebuilt from an old mosque. Before the main entrance there is portico with three arches. Other notable features are tower built on the basis of the minaret of the former mosque. She performed in the style of the famous Seville Giralda. Inside is a beautiful Baroque altar and many paintings by Italian artists.
The church of San Miguel was built after the Reconquista on the spot Muslim mosque. The building contains romance elements and features. Mudejar style.
Maps and guides
Tourist Map of Cordoba Street Map Map of the Historical Center