Colmar (France) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Colmar with a description, guides and cards.
City of Colmar (France)
Colmar is a charming city in the north-east of France the province of Alsace, a department of the Upper Rhine. Known for its old half-timbered houses along the canals, wines and as a place the birth of Auguste Bartholdi, the creator of the famous Statue of Liberty. Colmar is one of the most picturesque and photogenic cities of Alsace, which is well preserved its cultural and architectural heritage.
All the sights of Colmar are located in its old a city that has survived surprisingly well, despite the global of war. The historical center of the city is quite large, but its all the same convenient to study on foot. Walk through the old streets of Colmar, already Believe, it will give you real pleasure.
- Geography and climate
- Best time to visit
- Practical information
- How to get there
- Shopping and shopping
- Food and drink
- Maps and guides
- Comments and reviews
Geography and climate
Colmar is located on a plain on the banks of the river Losh at the foot Vosges Mountains a few dozen kilometers from the Rhine and the border with Germany. In fact, the plains of Alsace divide the Vosges and Black Forest. The city is conveniently located between Strasbourg and Basel.
Colmar has a relatively mild moderate continental a climate with relatively dry weather, which is very good for famous wines of Alsace. Average rainfall during the year is about 600 mm, the bulk of which falls on the period from June to September. The summer temperature is about 24 degrees, and with December to February only about 5 degrees with frost, the most common in January. Snow is also possible at this time.
Best time to visit
Colmar can be visited all year round. But the most magical time is the period before christmas when the city acquires just magical charm.
Colmar in front Merry christmas
- The population is 70.3 thousand people.
- The area is 66.6 square kilometers.
- The language is French.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
Colmar is first mentioned in the 9th century. In the 13th century, he gets status of a free city as part of the Holy Roman Empire. because of its border location the city was repeatedly under German government and experienced a strong German influence. In the 14th century Colmar joins the union of ten cities. Thanks to its the location it develops rapidly in the late Middle Ages and Renaissance.
In the old the city
Colmar suffers greatly during the Reformation, the subsequent Peasant Wars and the Thirty Years War. By the Nimwegen Treaty the city is part of France. In 1871, Colmar is part of German Empire After World War I, the city again becomes french. During World War II, Colmar was one of the last liberated French cities. City retained a rich architectural and cultural heritage, including former monastery church, several monasteries, wonderful the theater, the canals (for which Colmar is called “Little Venice”) and beautiful houses of the Middle Ages.
How to get there
Colmar is located about 60 kilometers south of Strasbourg Airport. Also close to the airport Basel. With these two cities as well with Freiburg, Kolmar has a regular railway message. Trains run every hour. The city has a good car accessibility from both France and Germany and Switzerland.
On the streets of Colmar
Shopping and shopping
In the historic center of Colmar you can find many various shops. It is believed that it is quite profitable buy clothes and shoes. Since prices are lower here than in the neighboring Germany, Switzerland and even in Strasbourg. Noteworthy typical Alsatian ceramics.
Streets of Colmar
Food and drink
Alsace is known for its pastries and wines. From local dishes worth try Kugelhopf (pie), Tarte flambée (Alsatian pizza with sour cream), choucroute (sauerkraut), pretzels and Choucroute aux Poissons (fish dish).
Many call Colmar the wine capital of Alsace, so wine it is definitely worth a try or buy as a souvenir. AT Christmas holidays you can drink orange juice with honey and spices, as well as spicy hot wine (mulled wine).
The old town is the main attraction of Colmar. Wandering through the old streets is the best way to explore it. In historical In the center you can find many ancient buildings of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. The highlight of his beautiful half-timbered buildings. On the streets of Colmar can meet almost all architectural styles from Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo, Classicism to Empire, eclectic, modern style. The historical center is a museum of architecture. open air.
“Little Venice” – the district of Colmar with picturesque houses near water. Located right behind Coifhus.
Boat rides on “Little Venice” Fish quarter
Fish quarter – the historic district where fishermen and traders lived fish. The area is located between the center and “Little Venice”. In 1706 year a strong fire destroyed about 40 houses restored in the 80s years of the 20th century.
Dominican Church – Medieval Order Church Dominicans. Its foundation dates back to the 13th century. On the square often hold exhibitions and fairs.
Saint-Martin is the main religious building of Colmar, one of The main masterpieces of Gothic architecture of Alsace. Church was built in the period from 1235 to 1365. Last restoration revealed that St. Maarten was built on the foundation of an ancient building 11-12 centuries. The inhabitants of Colmar consider the church to be their Munster, but in Currently, Saint-Martin has the status of a monastic church.
Pfister – one of the oldest and most beautiful buildings of Colmar with paintings and wooden elements, built in 1537 a silver merchant. Despite its clearly medieval features, this is the first example of an architectural renaissance in Colmar Wooden gallery, octagonal tower and wall murals depicting biblical and secular scenes turned this house is one of the symbols of the city.
Koyfhus or old customs – a 15th century building located on the intersection of the main routes of the medieval city. Koyfhus – Colmar’s oldest public building. It performed a double function: the ground floor served as a warehouse and collection point for taxes goods, the second – the meeting place of the city authorities.
House of Heads
House heads (heads) – an interesting building in the style of German Renaissance of the early 17th century. The house owes its name to one hundred and six Heads and masks that adorn its facade.
Maps and guides
Map of the historical center Colmar map with landmarks Travel brochure