Bilbao (Spain) – detailed information about the city with photos. Bilbao’s main attractions with a description, guides and cards.
City of Bilbao (Spain)
Bilbao – a city in northern Spain, the capital of autonomy Country Basque. Located near the Bay of Biscay and surrounded by a fertile landscape with forests, mountains and beaches. Bilbao is the pulsating heart of the north of Spain, a large industrial center and industrial port. The city does not shine with ancient architecture and ancient landmarks, but compensates for these shortcomings museums and delicious food. The most popular tourist attraction in Bilbao is a museum of modern art with innovation modern architecture and extensive collections of famous artists.
- Geography and climate
- Practical information
- How to get there
- Shopping and shopping
- Food and drink
- Maps and guides
- Comments and reviews
Geography and climate
Bilbao is located at the mouth of the river Nervión, which flows into Bay of Biscay, which is part of the Atlantic Ocean. City located in a cozy valley at the junction of the Pyrenees and the Cantabrian Mountains. The climate is temperate oceanic. The proximity of the Atlantic Ocean contributes to the softness of the climate. In summer, the average temperature is 25-26 degrees. Heat above +35 is quite rare. In winter average temperature ranges from 5 to 7 degrees. Precipitation distributed throughout the year fairly evenly.
- The population is 345.1 thousand people.
- The area is 41.6 square kilometers.
- Language – Spanish and Basque.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
- Tourist Information Center located at: PLAZA CIRCULAR, 1.
In antiquity on the site of the modern city was located fishing village Bilbao was founded in 1300 by the ruler of Biscay. The new city received wide privileges and quickly became one. of the most important shopping centers of the northern Iberian the peninsula. The closest trade links were with the ports of Flanders and Great Britain.
In 1602, Bilbao became the capital of Biscay. Throughout its his stories almost did not affect intra-Spanish conflicts. Bilbao suffered much more from wars with France. In 1835 the city was besieged by the Carlists, but gave them a rebuff.
How to get there
Bilbao Airport is located near the city. He is served most major European carriers. Get to the center the city can be on the bus Bizkaibus A3247, which every half hour sent from the arrival hall. On the way he makes three Stops: Gran Via Viajes Ecuador, Plaza Moyua and Almeda Recalde.
Bilbao has good bus and train connections. most major cities in Spain and autonomy including with Madrid and Barcelona. Getting to Bilbao by bus is often cheaper than train ride. At the same time the bus service is more regular.
Public transport of the city is represented by metro, suburban trains and buses. Metro Bilbao has two lines.
Shopping and shopping
Bilbao can offer some good shopping. One of the main shopping areas of the city – Gran Vía. Here are the most various establishments and shops, banks, supermarkets and souvenir shops. Another popular shopping area is Casco Viejo, historic city center. On the waterfront is the largest Bilbao Market – La Ribera. In the area of Guggenheim Square is located many shops with antiques, books, souvenirs.
Food and drink
Bilbao is famous for its cuisine. Traditional Basque cuisine has seasonal in nature, focusing on freshness and quality ingredients. Tapas here are called Pintxos. Gastronomy Bilbao It is part of the Basque cuisine, but it has its own characteristics. Only here do bollo de mantequilla (bun with butter) and pie carolina. Popular are pisto a la bilbaina (onions, peppers, zucchini, tomatoes, ham, cut into small pieces), Ranero Club cod (cod in wine), fried vegetables with meat and egg, porrusalda (canned stewed meat). Due to its location (almost ashore Ocean) here you can try a variety of dishes from the freshest seafood.
Casco Viejo (Old Quarter) – one of the most atmospheric areas cities. Located on the right bank of the river Nervión.
Old city Bilbao
The heart of the old quarter used to be surrounded by walls and consisted of from three parallel streets. Later the walls were demolished and built four streets, perpendicular to the river, which, together with the first three constitute the oldest part of the city. In the northern part of the historic the center is Arenal Street, which is the main backbone. The elegant Place de Arriiaga is located neo-baroque theater of the late 19th century.
Church San anton
Not far from the La Ribera Market and the former City Hall is one of The main attractions of Bilbao are the church of San Anton and bridge of the same name. The church was built in the Gothic style between 1546 and 1548, although its beautiful facade is a Renaissance style, and the bell tower is Baroque. Inside are interesting works by Louis Paret, Manuel Losada and Guiot de Bogranta. Almost three hundred years before of how the first church was built on this site, here there was a warehouse built on a rock next to the ford, where the caravans, Loaded with wool from Castile crossed the river. In the 14th century here the first fortifications were built, fragments of which can still be seen.
Church of sv. Nikolay
Church of sv. Nicholas – this beautiful church has a baroque facade and unique interior. Its foundation dates back to the 14th century, but the building was completely rebuilt in 1756. Lovely carved The altar and some paintings are the work of Juan de Mena. To the south Nueva Square is located with elegant arcade buildings and many restaurants and cafes with outdoor terraces.
Basilica de begonia
Basilica de Begonia is one of the most emblematic churches of Bilbao. Located on a picturesque hill above the old town. Building dates back to the 16th century and contains the image of the Virgin Begonias, patroness of Bilbao. The easiest way to get to the basilica – on the elevator from the church of sv. Nicholas. The walk to the hill will take about 15 min and reward you with beautiful views of the city.
The Cathedral de Santiago is located in the center of the old cities. The first church was built in the 14th century. Original the building was damaged in 1571 by fire and rebuilt in the nineteenth century in neo-gothic style. The cathedral has a stately interior with three naves and vaulted ceilings. Especially beautiful are the choirs with fancy gothic details. The crypt includes the remaining the structure of the original church.
Museums of Bilbao
The Guggenheim Museum is the most famous museum in Bilbao. located in a building that is considered an innovative example 20th century architecture. The building was designed by the architect. Frank Gehry and built in 1997. 24,000 square meters exhibition areas include contemporary art collections world class. The main masterpieces: abstract works of Mark Rothko, paintings by Willem de Kooning, Anselm Kiefer, Francesco Clemente, Jim Dean and many others.
Museum of Fine arts
The Museum of Fine Arts presents an outstanding collection. European masters XIV-XVII centuries, the Dutch and Flemish painting XV-XVII centuries, Spanish paintings XIV and XV centuries. Whole room dedicated to the works of Basque artists, including 22 paintings landscape painter Dario de Regos.
The Vasco Museum is an archaeological museum where you can open for The unique culture and history of the Basque Country. Housed in beautiful baroque building in the heart of the old town the museum offers to get acquainted with the expositions of the archeology departments, ethnography and history.
Maps and guides
City Map Guide – architectural sights