Bergamo (Italy) – all about the city, the main attractions Bergamo with photos and descriptions, the most interesting tourist routes on the map.
City of Bergamo (Italy)
Bergamo is a city in Italy in the Lombardy region, administrative center of the province of the same name. In our country, the city has become very famous for the 1976 film Truffaldino of Bergamo with Konstantin Raikin in the lead role. Bergamo is located approximately midway between Brescia and Milan, about 50 km from “the capital fashion “.
- How to get to Bergamo?
- What to see
- What to try
- Sights of Bergamo
- Interesting tourist routes on the map
- Sights and places of interest in the vicinity
The population has almost half a million inhabitants, which is the fourth result in Lombardy. This is a very beautiful city with ancient sights, architecture and interesting history.
The city of Bergamo is divided into two parts: the “Upper City”, located on a hill and surrounded by a wall, and the “Lower City “, combined with the time suburbs (suburbs). Upper Town is a medieval city surrounded by mighty Bastions, built in the XVI century, during the reign of Venice. is he preserved almost unchanged. Here are the main focus attractions. The lower city is crossed by the river Morla. is he formed in the development of some villages located along the main communication lines and is the exact opposite The upper city – wide streets, modern buildings. Connects them modern funicular.
The city sprawls on foothill hilly territory. Thanks the proximity of mountains, the climate is quite comfortable, although in summer it can be quite hot. Most precipitation falls in spring. Precipitation is possible in winter in the form of snow
Bergamo in winter
The history of the city began in 49 BC, when Liguria was attached to the Roman Republic. The Romans built the city. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Bergamo was repeatedly looted. At the end of the 6th century, the Langobards came here (an ancient Germanic tribe which actually gave the name of this region – Lombardy). Under their management, the city began to flourish, until in 774 its won the Franks and did not give under the authority of the bishops.
The power of the church lasted until 1098. Next, Bergamo became free city, but after several wars with Brescia was attached to Lombardy. Starting from the 13th century, in the struggle between Guelphs and Ghibellines, Bergamo falls under the influence of Milan.
Panorama of Bergamo
In 1428, Bergamo is part of the Venetian Republic. Venetians reconstruct the old city, erecting mighty fortress walls. Domain Veneto continues through the era Napoleon, when after a short period of the Republic, Tsizalpinskaya Republic and Kingdom of Italy, Bergamo falls into the sphere of influence Austro-Hungary. It was the Austrians who began to industrialize. cities.
In 1860, Bergamo became part of Italy, which included is up to date.
Modern Bergamo is an important economic, industrial and tourist center of Lombardy and Northern Italy.
How to get to Bergamo?
Getting to Bergamo is easier and cheaper by plane Milan From Milan, the city is located 58 km, so the way to bus there takes about an hour. Also available from Turin (190 km, 2-3 hours journey) and Rimini (360 km, 4-5 hours on the way). See the schedule and buy tickets here – http://www.trenitalia.com/
What to see in Bergamo?
We highly recommend to look in Bergamo “Upper City” – The Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, the Gate of San Giacomo and San Agastino, powerful fortifications of the period of the republic of venice and of course towers. Also, if you have time and opportunity, visit nearby Borgo – picturesque old villages that are among the most beautiful in Italy.
Towers of Bergamo
What to try?
Be sure to try the Bergamic cheeses (Strakitunt, DOP), polenta, sausages and wines. In restaurants order delicious local dishes – casoncelli ravioli, hare in wine, donizetti cake and Scarpinoch de par.
Sights of Bergamo
Bergamo – a city rich in landmarks: ancient cathedrals, towers, historic squares and buildings. Basically all attractions are concentrated in the Upper Town.
Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore) – one of the main attractions of the Upper of the city “Bergamo, the magnificent basilica of the second half of the 12th century, which combines the architectural styles of the Romano-Lombard period The interior of the basilica is decorated in baroque style.
Address: Piazza Duomo 24129 Bergamo BG
Basilica Santa Maria Maggiore
Gombito Tower – landmark “Upper city ”, a high square stone tower built in the XII century. The tower has been preserved in excellent condition and has a height of 51.60 m. The original height of the tower was 64 meters and it was taller than Torre Kiviki, but in the 19th century its height was reduced. Gombito Tower built of sandstone blocks in roman style. She forms single complex with a neighboring house. Originally the tower was performing defensive functions, so there are so few holes and gaps.
Address: Via Mario Lupo, 6 24129 Bergamo BG
Torre Civica Tower – interesting landmark Bergamo, powerful medieval square tower located in the old city center. The tower was built in the period between the eleventh and twelfth centuries, and originally, it was used as a house-tower owned by the Suardi family. It was an era in which each wealthy family living in the city erected towers. Moreover, the taller the tower building, the larger prestige had a family. It is for this reason that Bergamo began to be called “a city of a hundred towers”.
Later, the tower became the residence of the mayor, it was installed bell.
Initially, the height of Torre Chivik was 37 meters, but in the process of constant expansion work already in the Middle Ages height reached 56 meters. What made the tower the highest in Bergamo. From the top of Torre Kivika you can enjoy the panorama of the city. and scenic surroundings.
Address: Piazza Vecchia, 8A 24129 Bergamo BG
Torre Tower Kivika
Venetian walls (Mura venete di Bergamo) – impressive architectural structure built in the 16th century the reign of the Republic of Venice, which has survived almost unchanged. The city walls consisted of 14 bastions, 2 platforms, 32 guard booths (only one of them survived), 100 holes for guns, two powder barrels. For the walls could be reached by four entrances: San Giacomo, San Agastino, San Alessandro and San Lorenzo.
Address: Viale delle Mura 24129 Bergamo BG
Gate of San Giacomo (Porta San Giacomo) – famous landmark of Bergamo, the ancient Venetian gate from white marble, built in 1592. The gate is one of four entrances to the Upper Town. San Giacomo Gateway Up mid-19th century closed at 10 pm, exactly after the bell on the tower Torre Chivika beat 100 blows.
Address: Viale delle Mura 24129 Bergamo BG
Goal San giacomo
Colleoni Chapel – majestic and beautiful sight of the work of the master of the Renaissance Giovanni Antonio Amadeo. She is in the cathedral square, leaning against The Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore. Chapel Colleoni bysla built in the period between 1470 and 1476.
Caravaggio (Santa Maria del Fonte Sanctuary) located near Bergamo. This is one of the most visited and famous sankutariums of Italy, a place of great pilgrimage the number of believers. Here are the works of Yuvar, Cavenaghi, Morijia and Cavedoni. Date of construction of the building has more than 5 centuries.
Address: Viale Papa Giovanni XXIII, 10, Caravaggio
Interesting tourist routes on the map
Sights and places of interest Bergamo
Caravaggio (Santa Maria del Fonte Sanctuary)
Lake Iseo is a beautiful lake located at a height 180 meters above sea level between Brescia and Bergamo, surrounded by magnificent nature of low mountain ranges. In the center of the lake towers island of montizola, the largest lake island in Europe, on top of which stands the fortress of Rocca Martinengo. Here you can arrange a cruise on the lake, walk among the beautiful natural landscapes and visit the many attractions.
Address: 14 Via Riva Di Solto, Tavernola Bergamasca, BG 24060
Village (Borgo) Gromo – the most beautiful Borgo, nestled on a cliff above the valley Valle Seriana. Gromo is a beautiful village, perfectly preserved from since the Middle Ages. Simple Untreated Gray Stone prevails on the streets of this ancient town. Rooftops still covered with natural slate (plates of rocks), characteristic for the whole mountainous region of the province of Bergamo. The buildings are built without any extravagance and unnecessary decorations – this town was built in an era when it was a lot of hard work and the main thing was the essence, not the details. Just 10 minutes from Gromo are ski resorts. tracks in Spiazzi di Thunder.
Town (Borgo) Gromo
In the center of the village is the old church of San Gregorio and Castle Ginami (Castello Ginami).
Ginami Castle (Castello Ginami) – built on a rocky cliff in the first half of the XIII century, on the highest part of the territory. is he dominates the borgo and its surroundings. Wonder what his The massive towers have remained almost intact over the centuries. Now the castle is a fairly well-known restaurant.
The church of San Gregorio is a stone church located on old square of the 15th century.
Address: Piazza Dante Alighieri, 8 24020 Gromo BG.
Town (Borgo) Arnoto – a beautiful village, located in the picturesque valley of Valle Imagna, on prealpine slopes at an altitude of 1000 meters. You can get here by scenic road leading to the commune Fuipiano. Arnoto has very interesting architecture – stone walls, arched portals, fragments of frescoes, roofs of houses covered with plates from limestone. It was here until the end of the 18th century that the border between Venetian Republic and Milan. Historical buildings of the village preserved in excellent condition. It also offers a beautiful view. view of the valley. Be sure to visit the small Chapel dedicated to Saints Filippo Neri and Francesco da Paola. In her The interior of the canvas is Francesco Quarenghi.
Address: Via Resegone 24030 Fuipiano Valle Imagna BG.
Town (Borgo) Arnoto
The village (Borgo) Camerata-Cornello (Camerata Cornello) – a village frozen in the Middle Ages, located in the foothills a picturesque setting on a rocky cliff on the banks of the Brembo River. You can get here only on foot through the old unpaved dirt the road. This is a very beautiful borgo with an interesting and rich history.
Address: Via Orbrembo, 15 24010 Camerata Cornello BG.
Town (Borgo) Camerata cornello
Tower dei Caduti (Torre dei Caduti) – located in The lower town of Bergamo on Vittorio Veneto Square. 45 tower height meters built at the beginning of the 20th century is now open to visits
Address: Piazza Vittorio Veneto 24122 Bergamo BG
Tower dei Caduti
The Gate of San Agastino (Porta Sant’Agostino) – another landmark of the Upper Town – the gate to the east parts of the city, built in the 16th century. Along with the San Giacomo Gate performed the function of one of the inputs.
Address: Viale delle Mura, 1 24129 Bergamo BG.
Goal San Agastino
Malpaga Castle – a small castle in the suburb of Bergamo, built in the 15th century. It was the main residence of Bartolomeo Colleoni. The castle is a square stone building that used to be It was surrounded by two rings of walls and two moats with water. Interior – XV, XVI, XVII century. Address: Via Marconi, 24050 Cavernago. Mode Works: March – November. Saturday – 14.00 to 18.00. Sunday – 10.00-14.00. Cost: Adult with a guided tour: 9 €. Adult with audio guide: 6 €. Children with a guided tour: 4 €. Children with audio guide (6 to 12 years): 3 €.
Pagazzano Castle – an old military fortress. Castle interesting because it was born a masterpiece of Petrarch – a poem “Triumph”. Inside the castle you can see the most interesting an exhibition that illustrates peasant life, which on over the centuries remained virtually unchanged. Operation mode: Every first and third Sunday of the month is open: 9:00 – 12:00, 14:00 – 18:30 Cost: 3 euros, children under 12 and people over 70 – is free.
Address: Piazza Castello, 1 24040 Pagazzano BG.
Borgo village San Giovanni Bianco – picturesque village, located among the Alpine foothills. The historic center of San Giovanni Bianco remained almost not touched by time. It consists of old houses built side by side. side, separated only by small narrow dead ends. In the parish Church since 1495 kept the holy relic – Holy Thorn with crown of thorns of Christ.
Address: Via 4 Novembre, 7 24015 San Giovanni Bianco BG.
Village (borgo) San Giovanni Bianco
Bergamo Cathedral – the main catholic cathedral cities named after sv. Alexandra is the patron saint of the city. The cathedral is located in the Upper Town on a small square. It was built in the 15th century, but later destroyed by the Venetians during the construction defensive fortifications of the Upper Town. The cathedral was rebuilt in 19th century. Address: Piazza Duomo 24129 Bergamo (BG) Mode of operation: Weekdays: 7:30 – 12:00 and 15:00 – 18:30 On Saturdays and public holidays: 7:00 – 18:30
Lake Endine – a small beautiful lake, a “pearl” Val Cavallina valleys in the vicinity of Bergamo. This is great A place for those who seek peace, tranquility and relaxing relaxation.
Address: Via Nazionale, 199 24060 Ranzanico BG