Bellinzona (Switzerland)

Bellinzona (Switzerland) – the most important sights with photo and description. Detailed information about the city and location Bellinzona on the map.

Bellinzona City

Bellinzona – the main city of the canton of Ticino in Switzerland, a piece Italy in Central Europe. The city is located in the valley which the Ticino river makes its way among the Alps on the way to Lake Maggiore. Bellinzona is a city of three powerful castles World Heritage Medieval Fortresses UNESCO. Here the traditions of centuries, medieval monuments architecture and culture are mixed with the silence of the ancient churches and alpine nature, giving birth to the true treasures of nature and stories.

City of BellinzonaBellinzona

The history of the city begins with a Roman fort that was built in the 1st century AD during the time of Emperor Augustus on the path of important trade routes. The fort was later abandoned and rebuilt in the 4th century. the times of the emperor Diocletian and Constantine. At this time for protection of northern Italy from invasions a chain was built here castles, and Bellinzona became one of the largest and most important in this structure.

With the collapse of the Roman Empire in the 5th century, ostrogoths ruled here, 6th century – Byzantium. In the 7th century, Ticino territory was taken under control. the Lombards who stationed a permanent garrison here for protection from the raids of the Franks and Alemannic tribes.

In the era of the early Middle Ages, the city and its surroundings were under the power of the francs. Two centuries later, Bellinzona became part of Holy Roman Empire. In 1218 in historical documents there are the first mention of the modern name cities.

City of BellinzonaBellinzona

In the 14th century, Ticino became part of the Visconti possessions. In 1499 Bellinzona was taken by the French, who were expelled a year later. In 1500 year, the city became part of the Swiss Confederation, which included is up to today.

Best time to visit

Bellinzona city can be visited throughout the year. Thanks close proximity to the foothills of the Alps in the summer is not hot here, but winter is not so cold. The wettest month is May, the driest is December.

How to get there?

The train is one of the most convenient means of transportation to get to bellinzona. The train station is located almost in city ​​center within walking distance of the main attractions. Railways link the capital Ticino with almost all major cities of Switzerland. Buy tickets to train or find out the schedule here - //www.sbb.ch/it/home.html

Market in the historical centerMarket in the historic center

Gastronomy

Thanks to its location at the junction of several cultures, the kitchen Bellinzona is a mixture of Italian, Swiss and European cuisine. You will be pleasantly amazed by the variety of dishes and tastes. Typical products of the Ticino region:

  • Wine
  • Cheese
  • Sausages
  • Beef

From food establishments we recommend:

  • Giardino on Via Orico – a small pizzeria restaurant near from the main station, visited mainly by locals. Excellent cuisine and reasonable prices will surprise many tourists.
  • Hotel Pizzeria Lampara – great pizza and meat the dishes.

Sights of Bellinzona

The main attractions of the city Bellinzona – three old the castle, which are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites and allow you to plunge into the medieval atmosphere.

Castle CastelgrandeCastelgrande Castle

Castelgrande or the Big Castle is the largest castle of Bellinzona. A powerful fortress on a hill, whose history dates back to the 4th century. AT 6 century the first fortified fortress was built here. Under The modern name of the castle is mentioned from the 14th century.

The buildings of the castle belong to different temporary eras from 13 centuries and times of the Visconti domination, before the restorations at 17, 19 and 20 centuries. The last major restoration was carried out in the 80s. 20 century. In the architecture of the castle there are two ancient towers. Massive The white tower of the mid-13th century with a height of 28 meters and the elegant Black The tower of the beginning of the 14th century is 28 meters high.

The ramparts of the castle of CastelgrandeCastle ramparts of Castelgrande

Castle Castelgrande had three levels of protection, and the ramparts connected it to the city. Climb up to the castle can be enough steep trail or elevator.

Operation mode:

November-March / April – from 10:30 to 16:00 March / April-November – from 10:00 to 18:00

Montebello CastleMontebello Castle

Montebello or Maly Castle – an ancient fortress of the 13th century, located on the same hill. The lock has the shape of a triangle and began being erected by engineers of Sforza. The current view has found in the 15th century. Currently, there is a museum here.

Operation mode:

March / April – November: from 10:00 to 18:00 November – 7 January, 2018 from 10:30 to 16:00 From January 8, 2018 to March: not works

Sasso-Corbaro CastleSasso-Corbaro Castle

Sasso-Corbaro Castle – Fortress period of power of the Sforza dynasty. This is an ancient square fortification with powerful 4.7 meter thick walls and a viewing tower. The lock hangs over Bellinzona on a 230-meter rocky cliff. This makes it one of the most beautiful observation platforms of the city.

Operation mode:

March / April – November: from 10:00 to 18:00 November – 7 January, 2018 from 10:30 to 16:00 From January 8, 2018 to March: not works

Cathedral Church of St. Peter and StephenCathedral Church of St. Peter and Stephen

Cathedral Church of St. Peter and Stephen – one of the main religious buildings of the city, a monument to the Renaissance. By architect made by Tomaso Rodari, who built the cathedral in Como. Church is made from light stone. Inside it is decorated with stucco and canvas by artists 17th century. On the north side of the church is a chapel with beautiful 18th century frescoes.

Church of Santa Maria delle GrazieChurch of Santa Maria delle Grazie

The church of Santa Maria delle Grazie is an old church of the 15th century, referring to the former Franciscan monastery. Was strong damaged by fire in 1996. Restored after 10 years.

Church of San BiagioChurch of San Biagio

The Church of San Biagio is one of the oldest churches of Bellinzona, built between the 12th and 15th centuries. Tower-bell tower was built in the 15th century. On the facade of the church you can see the fresco, written by an unknown artist in the 14th century. Church represents is a three-nave structure.

Fort della FameFort della Fame

Fort della Fame is part of the defensive fortifications of Bellinzona. A small fortification of the mid-19th century. From here a beautiful view of the surroundings.

Also if tired of looking at the monuments of antiquity, energetic and active can make forays into nature, visit caves and canyons, rock climbing or canoeing.

Sights of Bellinzona

The main attractions of the city Bellinzona – three old the castle, which are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites and allow you to plunge into the medieval atmosphere.

Castle CastelgrandeCastelgrande Castle

Castelgrande or the Big Castle is the largest castle of Bellinzona. A powerful fortress on a hill, whose history dates back to the 4th century. AT 6 century the first fortified fortress was built here. Under The modern name of the castle is mentioned from the 14th century.

The buildings of the castle belong to different temporary eras from 13 centuries and times of the Visconti domination, before the restorations at 17, 19 and 20 centuries. The last major restoration was carried out in the 80s. 20 century. In the architecture of the castle there are two ancient towers. Massive The white tower of the mid-13th century with a height of 28 meters and the elegant Black The tower of the beginning of the 14th century is 28 meters high.

The ramparts of the castle of CastelgrandeCastle ramparts of Castelgrande

Castle Castelgrande had three levels of protection, and the ramparts connected it to the city. Climb up to the castle can be enough steep trail or elevator.

Operation mode:

November-March / April – from 10:30 to 16:00 March / April-November – from 10:00 to 18:00

Montebello CastleMontebello Castle

Montebello or Maly Castle – an ancient fortress of the 13th century, located on the same hill. The lock has the shape of a triangle and began being erected by engineers of Sforza. The current view has found in the 15th century. Currently, there is a museum here.

Operation mode:

March / April – November: from 10:00 to 18:00 November – 7 January, 2018 from 10:30 to 16:00 From January 8, 2018 to March: not works

Sasso-Corbaro CastleSasso-Corbaro Castle

Sasso-Corbaro Castle – Fortress period of power of the Sforza dynasty. This is an ancient square fortification with powerful 4.7 meter thick walls and a viewing tower. The lock hangs over Bellinzona on a 230-meter rocky cliff. This makes it one of the most beautiful observation platforms of the city.

Operation mode:

March / April – November: from 10:00 to 18:00 November – 7 January, 2018 from 10:30 to 16:00 From January 8, 2018 to March: not works

Cathedral Church of St. Peter and StephenCathedral Church of St. Peter and Stephen

Cathedral Church of St. Peter and Stephen – one of the main religious buildings of the city, a monument to the Renaissance. By architect made by Tomaso Rodari, who built the cathedral in Como. Church is made from light stone. Inside it is decorated with stucco and canvas by artists 17th century. On the north side of the church is a chapel with beautiful 18th century frescoes.

Church of Santa Maria delle GrazieChurch of Santa Maria delle Grazie

The church of Santa Maria delle Grazie is an old church of the 15th century, referring to the former Franciscan monastery. Was strong damaged by fire in 1996. Restored after 10 years.

Church of San BiagioChurch of San Biagio

The Church of San Biagio is one of the oldest churches of Bellinzona, built between the 12th and 15th centuries. Tower-bell tower was built in the 15th century. On the facade of the church you can see the fresco, written by an unknown artist in the 14th century. Church represents is a three-nave structure.

Fort della FameFort della Fame

Fort della Fame is part of the defensive fortifications of Bellinzona. A small fortification of the mid-19th century. From here a beautiful view of the surroundings.

Also if tired of looking at the monuments of antiquity, energetic and active can make forays into nature, visit caves and canyons, rock climbing or canoeing.

Bellinzona on the map

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