Bardejov (Slovakia) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Bardeyov with a description, guidebooks and cards.
City Bardejov (Slovakia)
Bardejov is a small resort town in the north-east of Slovakia. Known for a completely untouched historical core, which was Included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Bardejov – one of the oldest cities in the country with a wonderful atmosphere and unique medieval architecture as well as the largest concentration of Gothic monuments on Slovak land, among which stands out a magnificent city hall and the Cathedral of St.. Egidia.
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Geography and climate
Bardejov is located in the north-east of Slovakia, not far from border with Poland. The city is located 40 km from Presov and 445 km from Bratislava. Bardejov is located in a picturesque area near southeastern foot of low mountains and is known for its mineral sources, thanks to which the status of a spa resort. City has a temperate climate with warm summers and cool winters.
Old panorama cities
- The population is more than 30 thousand people.
- The area is 72.80 km².
- The language is Slovak.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European (UTC +1, summer +2).
Bardejov was first mentioned in 1241 as a market settlement. The arrival of German immigrants after the Tatar-Mongol invasion gave a significant impetus to its development. In 1376 Bardejov received the status of a free royal city. From now until 16th century Bardejov flourished through trade and crafts, being one of the most important cities of hungarian kingdom
In the future, war, epidemics and fire slowed its development. AT subsequent centuries Bardeyov declined. The city began to “come to life” after world war two when industrial were built objects and carried out the restoration of numerous monuments.
Bardejov – historical Center
Bardejov is considered the most “gothic city of Slovakia” and has unique (preserved) medieval core, which includes Many historic buildings, ancient sites and fragments of the old city walls. The heart of the city is the town hall square, bordered by rows of old burgher houses. Small Bardejov accommodates over 100 historical and cultural monuments, which create an amazing atmosphere of the Middle Ages.
In the center of the square is located the Town Hall, built in the first half of the 16th century. This building is a unique example. medieval architecture. Town Hall Hall is decorated with 118 stone sculptures. The interior has kept precious coffered ceilings and inlaid doors. Also inside is a statue of Roland – symbol of urban rights.
The uniqueness of Bardeyov is still in the fact that there are preserved significant sections of city fortifications with towers and bastions. Construction of brick walls, placed probably on site of old wooden fortifications, started in 1352 and completed already in 1376. In the first half of the 15th century, four were built. towers. In the 16th century, the city’s defense system was adapted to modern requirements of artillery. Recent work related to expansion of urban fortifications, dated to the 17th century. Next they lost their defensive importance.
Bardeyov’s defense system consisted of stone walls forming a shape similar to an oval with a lengthening on the northeast to the side. In the heyday of strengthening the city included 23 towers, 3 gate and double ring walls surrounded by a moat. Most the towers were the names of the guilds that protected them and provided repairs. To our time in Bardejov 12 towers and significant portions of the walls.
Basilica of sv. Egidia
Basilica of sv. Aegis is the most significant monument to Bardejov. it the magnificent gothic church is located in the northern part square behind the town hall. The building is a three-nave basilica, in which is presented an interesting set of late gothic altars 15 – th and 16th century. Some elements of woodcarving, presented here are considered to be a true work. European art.
Church of sv. John the baptist
Church of sv. John the Baptist – the second most important religious construction in Bardejov. The church was built in the middle of the 15th century. Augustinians along with the monastery, which is now closed and unavailable for tourists. In the 18th century, the owners of this facility became the Franciscans.