Avignon (France) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. Avignon’s main attractions, descriptions, guides and cards.
City Avignon (France)
Avignon – a city in the south-east of France and the center of the department Vaucluse. Located on the left bank of the Rhone in the Provence-Alpes region Cote d’Azur. Avignon is one of the most beautiful cities of Provence, which from 1309 to 1377 was the residence of the popes. This period gave him a superb architecture in the style of the Gothic and the era The Renaissance, as well as the magnificent papal palace, which is UNESCO World Heritage Site. Avignon is known for relaxing southern french atmosphere, quaint streets, rich history and rich cultural life. The old town is very preserved here. well and until then has medieval walls.
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Geography and climate
Avignon is located on the left bank of the Rhone in the historic region. Provence at a distance of 580 km south-east of Paris, 229 km to south of Lyon and 85 km north-west of Marseille. In the west the city bordered by the department of Gard and Bouches-du-Rhone. Rona divides Avignon into two parts. The climate is subtropical Mediterranean. Summer is here relatively hot, and the winter is mild and quite warm.
River rona and old city
- The population is more than 90 thousand people. Of these, 12,000 live in old town.
- The area is 64.78 km2.
- The language is French.
- Currency – Euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1, in summer +2.
- Avignon is located on the line of high-speed trains Paris – Marseille. Regional trains stop at a station located at the southern edge of the old town.
- A flea is held every Sunday at the Place des Carmes. market.
- Since Avignon is located in Provence, here you can buy various products from lavender.
- Do not sign any petitions at the papal palace. it scammers After that they can demand money.
Avignon was founded by the Phocian Greeks in the 6th century BC. as trading post of the Greek city on the site of Marseille. Further he became the capital of the Gallic tribe of the Kavars. In about 120 to AD these territories were conquered by Rome. Under Emperor Hadrian settlement received the status of the Roman colony.
In the early Middle Ages, Avignon belonged first to the Burgundians, then ostgam and francs. In 736, the city was even briefly conquered by the Arabs. Although two years later was destroyed by Charles Martell in the process of his release. In 932 happened the reunification of Provence and Upper Burgundy in the kingdom of Arles. Avignon became part of the new state and became one of the most important its cities.
Streets of old cities
In 1032 Avignon became part of the Holy Roman Empire, although actually under the control of the Provence graphs and rulers of Toulouse. At the end of the 12th century, Avignon declared itself independent republic, but already in 1226 surrendered to french troops. After that, the city was forced to demolish fortifications and fall asleep ditch. Since the end of the 13th century, Avignon has been under power of Provence Counts.
In 1309, Pope Clement V chose the city as his residence for the period of the Vienna Cathedral. This period begins Avignon’s heyday since the popes were forced to be here before 1378 The city becomes one of the centers of the Catholic world. It builds a magnificent papal palace, numerous temples and based university. Avignon was also surrounded by walls. which are perfectly preserved to this day. After dad’s return to Rome they ruled the city before the French Revolution.
In 1791 Avignon was occupied by the revolutionary forces. And in 1797 years, the popes abandoned claims to the city and gave it France. In the 19th century, Avignon became a major trading center. The old town was restructured, during which it was demolished part of historic buildings.
Papal Palace – the main attraction of Avignon and the object UNESCO World Heritage Site. This is a grand building that It is considered the largest structure of the Gothic period. Palace was built between 1335 and 1352 years and looks like a giant castle. Now more than 20 halls and chapels with beautiful frescoes. The furniture and decorations of the papal palace disappeared during The French Revolution.
The old city of Avignon on the orders of the popes was surrounded by powerful by walls. These medieval fortifications were perfectly preserved to our days
Palace Square – a wide space in front of the palace, formed by demolishing adjacent streets by order of Pope Benedict Xii. From here there is a magnificent view of the papal palace. Also Here you can see the Romanesque Cathedral and the old Mint.
A few minutes from the Papal Palace is the Rocher des Doms – rocky cape, which offers excellent Panoramic view of Avignon.
Musee du Petit Palais – an art museum with superb collections that include masterpieces of Italian painting from 13 to 15 century (the work of Botticelli, Louis Brea and others). The museum building is located on the square in front of the papal palace and is a gothic fort with a jagged exterior wall and typical architectural elements Middle Ages. Here was the residence of the popes before construction modern palace.
The Saint-Benezet Bridge is one of the symbols of Avignon and the object of the World UNESCO heritage, dilapidated bridge over the Rhone. This building was built in the period from 1177 to 1185 years, that is, in just 8 years old. The construction of the bridge is connected with an interesting legend … Shepherd Benoit, who later became known as Saint Benes, received from the angels are instructed to build a bridge over the river Rhone. Avignon residents ridiculed this idea. But when a little boy raised a huge stone, they considered it a divine omen.
After construction, the Saint-Benezet Bridge was a graceful a structure consisting of 22 arches with a total length of over 900 meters In the Middle Ages, this engineering structure was important crossing over the Rhone. The bridge was destroyed by floods in the 17th century and has not been restored. Up to our time there are four arches and small romance-gothic chapel of sv. Nicholas.
Notre Dame de Dom
Notre Dame de Dom – a beautiful medieval church of the 12th century, which is a bit lost next to the papal palace. The building has Romanesque interior, and the tower is crowned with a magnificent gilded statue of the Virgin. Interesting features of the church: the bishop’s chair 12th century white marble, Romanesque altar in the first chapel, Late Gothic monument in the fourth chapel on the south side and beautiful murals.
Church of Saint-Didier
Church of Saint-Didier – medieval church in the Romanesque style architecture of Provence, built between 1356 and 1359 years. Building It has thick stone walls and a large nave. Interesting features: one of the earliest works of art of the Renaissance in France, created by Italian artist Francesco Laura, wonderful paintings of the 14th century and the late Gothic pulpit.
Place de l’Horloge is a charming town square, surrounded by shady plane trees. Located on its western side theater and town hall. The town hall was built in the 19th century. Although the tower dates back to the 14th century. On its top, figures are installed in kind magnitude, which are known as “jacquemarts”.
Church of Saint Pierre
Saint Pierre Church – a medieval church of the 14th century with a beautiful gothic facade and wooden doors of the Renaissance. Here stored power of St. Pierre of Luxembourg. The church is several impressive sculptures and paintings, as well as baroque choirs scenes of the mid 17th century.
Rue des Teinturiers – a charming old street along the canal Vaucluse with beautiful stone houses, cobblestone pavement and old platanami.
Places of interest near Avignon
Pont du gard
Pont du Gard – a grand Roman aqueduct located near from the city of Nimes on the river Gard (Gardon). It is the highest among Roman buildings of this type.
Lavender fields near the town of Roussillon
Lavender fields – one of the most famous and picturesque attractions of Provence. The most beautiful of them are located in the environs of the charming Provencal cities of Roussillon (Roussillon) and So (Sault).
Medieval villages of Provence
Provence is famous for its charming medieval villages:
- Saint-Remy de Provence is a quaint Provencal town with elegant buildings, nice squares and charming pedestrian streets. Located just 20 km from Avignon. Town known as the birthplace of Nostradamus and archeological monuments Greco-Roman period.
- Villeneuve-les-Avignon – a small village with a wonderful historical atmosphere and sights Middle Ages.
- Cavaillon is a small town with an interesting historical and cultural heritage. Famous for its melons.
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