Aalborg (Denmark) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Aalborg with a description, guides and cards.
City Aalborg (Denmark)
Aalborg – a city in the north of Denmark in the northern part of the peninsula Jutland. Located on the banks of the Limfjord (straits system, connecting the North Sea and the Kattegat Bay), thanks to which The Middle Ages was considered one of the most important Danish ports and flourished through trade. Aalborg is modern a university town that has a quaint medieval center and leaves the origins of the time of the Vikings.
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Geography and climate
Aalborg is located on the lowlands of Northern Jutland in the The narrow point of Limfjord. The city is located 30 km west of the bay. Kattegat is 150 km from Copenhagen and 118 km north of Aarhus. Aalborg is surrounded by hills, marshes and forests. Climate is wet continental. It is characterized by cool summer and relatively mild, wet winters and off-season.
Panorama of Aalborg
- The population is more than 110 thousand people.
- The area is 139 km2.
- The language is Danish.
- Currency – Danish Krone.
- Time – UTC +1, summer +2.
- The international airport is located north of the city and connected with him by bus service.
- Aalborg has regular train connections to Copenhagen, Aarhus, Odense.
- The cheapest supermarkets are Netto, Fakta, Aldi and Rema 1000
- The most popular shopping streets are Algade and Bispensgade.
The history of Aalborg began over a thousand years ago. Already in the 6th century in The narrowest point of Limfjord was a large settlement. the Germans, who in the 9th century were replaced by the Vikings. The Vikings lived here before 11th century. The first mention of the city dates back to 1040 year. Then he bore the name of Alabu.
Panorama of the city
In the Middle Ages, Aalborg flourished through trade and was one of the largest and richest cities in Denmark. First city privileges Received in 1342. In 1516, Aalborg received a monopoly on herring trade, which further strengthened the position of the city. In 1530 year, most of the city was destroyed by fire, and in December 1534 year Aalborg was looted by royal troops during peasant uprising.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, Aalborg was one of the most prosperous Danish cities, second only to Copenhagen. In the 19th century after the gain Sweden, the loss of Norway and difficulties in the herring fishery the city came in decline, giving up the status of the center of Jutland Aarhus. However at the end of 19 Century industry began to develop here and Aalborg became the main manufacturer of tobacco products, alcoholic beverages, fertilizers and cement, as well as the second port of Denmark. In 1940 the city was taken German amphibious troops.
The old town of Aalborg represents for the most part 15th century medieval core with squares and buildings resembling doll houses. This is an area full of genuine charm, contains several churches, old half-timbered houses, colorful shopping Algade street, under which are well-preserved ruins The ancient Franciscan monastery and museum.
A popular place of Aalborg is also the embankment, which overlooks the picturesque Limfjord that separates northern Denmark from Jutland. Once upon a time, their longboats moored here Vikings, and most recently there was an industrial center with factories and shipyards. Now this is a popular cultural quarter with a modern architecture.
One of the most striking sights of Aalborg is mysterious Lindholm, which is recognized as the largest in Scandinavian burial ground of the Vikings. This hill is a place burial and residential center of the settlement from the German Iron Age before the Viking Age. There are more than 600 ancient graves, and All archaeological finds can be viewed in the museum.
House Jens Bang
On the streets of the old Aalborg you can see a lot of beautiful old houses. One of the most interesting old buildings is the house of Jens Bang, built in 1624 by rich merchants in style Dutch renaissance. Further three centuries this house took a pharmacy.
Jorgen House Olufsen
Another beautiful building is the house of Jörgen Olufsen, which is considered the most well-preserved Renaissance merchant house in Of Denmark. It was built by Olufsen (stepbrother of Jens Bang) in 1616
Church of sv. Budolfa
The most beautiful church of Aalborg is the Cathedral of Sts. Budolf, located at the highest point of Aalborg between the main street Algade (Algade) and the old market (Gammeltorv). This is the smallest cathedral in Denmark, named after the English Benedictine monk, patron saint of sailors. The oldest parts of the church date from about 1100, and the baroque spire was built in 1779 year The altar and pulpit date from the end of the 17th century. The cathedral has beautiful and colorful classic interior.
Near the cathedral of sv. Budolf is a monastery of St.. Of the spirit which is the oldest social institution in Denmark. He was founded in 1431 by a wealthy citizen Maren Hemmings and was erected in a monastery in 1451. Since the Reformation here there was a hospital and a school. Monastery is one of largest and best preserved religious buildings this kind in Denmark. It has a beautiful historic interior with frescoes of the 16th century.
An interesting attraction is the castle Aalborghus – the only tax collection castle in Denmark built by king christian III in 1539-1555 as the residence of the local governor. Also here you can visit the dark underground passages and casemates under the castle.
Church of Our Lady
The Church of Our Lady is a brick church of the late 19th century, built on the site of an ancient Benedictine abbey. Accurate the founding date of the monastery is not known, but historians believe that monks lived here already in the 12th century. The monastery was closed after Reformation, and the old parish church was demolished in 1876 year
Church of sv. Marcus
Church of sv. Marcus – Gothic brick church Renaissance, built in the 30s of the 20th century in a picturesque city park.
Musikkens Hus is a concert hall with excellent acoustics. it a real lighthouse of modern architecture in Aalborg.
Utzon is a lively cultural center located on Aalborg embankment. The center was designed by the famous Danish by architect Jorn Utzon.
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