Essen (Germany) – the most important sights with photos and description. Details of the city and the location of Essen at map.
Essen is a city in the heart of the Ruhr area in the northwest parts of Germany in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. it modern city, the real center of German industry and education, attracting many tourists. Essen is in the top 10 Germany’s largest cities, and in the region only second to Cologne, Düsseldorf and Dortmund.
- Best time to visit
- Shopping and shopping
- Food and drink
- How to get there
- Sights of Essen
Essen is a city with a unique past, which is more ancient than Munich, Berlin and Dresden. It is one of the most powerful historical centers of the Ruhr. – the famous industrial region of Germany, known for its deposits coal Therefore, it’s not for nothing that the city’s business card is ancient cathedrals and architecture, and the harsh beauty of one of largest ruhr mines.
At the same time, the glory of the all-German industrial center does not prevent Essen is not only one of the greenest cities in Germany, but also wear the title of the “green capital of Europe”. A picturesque surroundings Lake Baldeney will allow you to enjoy the natural beauty.
Panorama night Essen
Best time to visit
Essen is one of the warmest cities in Germany, possessing comfortable temperate climate with mild winters and not hot summers. The best time to visit is from April to early November. Winter in Essena, mostly dominated by positive temperatures, and frosts and snow cover is usually of short duration.
Snow in Essen
Shopping and shopping
Essen is one of the shopping centers of the entire Ruhr area. In the town There are more than 700 stores that will satisfy the most picky buyers. The main shopping streets of Kettwiger Straße and Limbecker Straße. If not enough “street” shops waiting for you one of the largest shopping centers in Germany -Limbecker Platz (70,000 sq. Km of retail space and more than 200 stores).
A large number of cultures and nationalities living in Essen, reflected in the kitchen. Here you can meet not only traditional national cuisine, but also many European dishes cuisines, east and asian. Therefore, there is always a choice in Essen. try the national cuisine, or choose something familiar.
A large number of restaurants and bars are concentrated. on Kettwiger Straße and Kennedyplatz. In Essen, as in any popular tourist center, there is a rule. Want to save money – eat away from popular tourist routes or buy food in supermarkets.
Streets old town
How to get there
The nearest international airport is located in Dusseldorf. Then by train or bus to Essen (40 km). From the main station Düsseldorf to Essen can be reached in 40 minutes. Trains go often.
The history of Essen begins in 800 from the time of its inception. Verdun Abbey. In the middle of the 9th century, Essen acquired monastic school and church. Church 100 years after strong fire has been expanded. On its foundation is modern Essen Cathedral.
In the first half of the 13th century, a city wall was built in Essen. At 13 century city received city rights. And in 1377 Emperor Charles IV bestowed upon Essen the privileges of a free imperial city.
Written testimonies about the first mining of silver and Coal date back to the mid 14th century. Although the first coal mine was built in 1450. In the 16th and 17th centuries in Essen also made a lot of weapons. During the Thirty Years War, the city was taken by the Dutch.
In the 19th century industrialization took place in Essen. Being built numerous factories, new mines, railway. Development The industry in Essen was closely associated with the Krupp dynasty. In the First World War in 1923 the city, like the whole Ruhr area, was taken by the French-Belgian troops. And during World War II in 1943, Essen was badly damaged. British aviation. About 3,000 buildings were damaged.
Sights of Essen
Here is an overview of the most interesting sights. Essen.
Zolferein Mine is an inactive coal mine, one of The main attractions of Essen. Built in the middle of 19 centuries, once the largest and most productive mine of the Ruhr, now turned into an interesting tourist attraction. The The site is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Mode of operation – every day, from 11 to 13 and from 14 to 17.00. Ticket price – 11 euro, family – 12 euros. The museum of the Ruhr region is open from 10.00 to 18.00 Admission is 8 euros.
The museum Ruhr region
Another interesting place is the Folkwang Museum. it the most important art gallery in the Ruhr, well known with his reproductions of paintings of the 19th and 20th centuries, sculptures 13 century and a large number of European applied items art. The museum was established in 1922 and is located in one of the most interesting buildings of the city. Folkwang also has an extensive collection. posters (350 000 items), a rich collection of photos, as well as many prints and drawings.
Essen Cathedral (Münster) – one of the oldest Roman Catholic cathedrals of Germany, located in the historic the center of Essen. This is a sturdy gothic structure in which The following relics are kept: the old bronze candlestick of the 10th century, The golden statue of the Madonna (approximately the same period) is one of The oldest statues of the Virgin Mary in Western Europe, a Gothic monument 13th century, dedicated to the founder of Essen. Located nearby Bishop’s Palace boasts a large collection religious art and artifacts.
Verdun – Historical and Administrative Region in the South Essen, the oldest part of the city. This is the real cradle of culture. Ruhr is a district of narrow medieval streets and ancient buildings that spared time and war.
Verdun Abbey and the Church of Sts. Ludgera – one of the most significant late-roman constructions of Germany and one of the oldest buildings of Essen. Since the termination of the abbey – Parish Catholic Church. Built in Gothic style.
Among the historic buildings of Verdun is the home of the Knight Heck, already mentioned in the 14th century. This is a square stone building with a round the tower.
To the west is Esten’s largest area — Kettwig. Famous since the 13th century, it has long belonged to the Verdun Abbey. Due to the fact that there was practically no military industry, the area is almost not affected by air strikes. We recommend to visit its most ancient streets in the area of the old market, see the old half-timbered houses. Admire the old evangelical church. Its tower, 40 meters high, was built in 13th century. And local cityscapes will not leave you. indifferent. On the square Burgermeister-Fiedler-Platz Kettwig Town Hall is located with the clock.
Castle Huguenpot – a complex of castle buildings in Kettwig, surrounded by water. The first mention of it dates back to the 8th century. The modern castle was built at the end of the 17th century. Except actually the main building, there are two powerful towers and an arched bridge.
On the southern bank of the Ruhr, Eft Castle is located. This is one of Essen’s oldest urban estates, which is mentioned in documents 9th century. The modern neo-gothic view of the castle has found after reconstruction in the 19th century. Although in its structure are preserved old Romanesque elements 12-13 centuries.
Among the castles and estates of Essen, the water castle is also very interesting. Bomberk, located near the railway station. it a beautiful baroque building with an adjacent English park.
Grugapark and Botanical Garden is the green heart of Essen. A huge park array of several tens of hectares almost in the center cities. Includes the Grugahalle sports complex, a lookout tower, numerous ancient fountains and several restaurants, aviaries with animals, aquarium, amusement park with narrow-gauge iron expensive. The botanical garden contains many plants from around Sveta. This place can easily take you half a day or more.
The old synagogue
The old synagogue is one of the most well surviving and most impressive Jewish cultural sites Essen.
Villa Hugel is a huge building of over 8000 sq. Meters and comprising more than 250 premises and 28 hectares of the adjacent park area. Villa belonged to the industrialists of the Krupp family. Was built in the second half of the 19th century. Located in the northern part of the Baldeneysee.
Baldenayzee – Essen’s largest water body. it artificial lake that was formed after construction the dam in 1933. Favorite vacation spot citizens can offer water rides and water sports, fishing, beaches. Here except natural beauties can be viewed at the 13th century castle.
The main attractions of Essen on the map
Video – city of Essen
Video – city of Essen