The Cathedral of St. Vitus, Wenceslaus and Vojtech organically inscribed in the picture of old Prague and is the culmination of medieval miracle architecture of this city. The cathedral can be seen almost from all over Prague, he crowns the stone harmony of Prague Castle, being both part of it and self sight. If you have not visited the St. Vitus Cathedral, You can say that you have not seen Prague.
The content of the article
- 1 St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague
- 2 Lookout in the South Tower
- 3 Historical background
- 4 Information to visit
- 5 How to get there
- 6 On the map
St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague
I will not go into such details as triforii, monolithic masonry and sandy marl. This can all be found on historical Prague sites whose authors have eaten a dog in digging out the nuances and finding the facts. I’ll tell you how traveler traveler what awaits you there outside the gate cathedral.
Already on the way to it you will well open the neck. 124 meters in length and 96.5 meters in height – that’s what St. Vitus Cathedral is. numbers. Grand building with three towers, three portals, a ten-meter rosette, dozens of sculptures and hundreds of bas-reliefs. Unshakable dominant, amazing gothic architecture, which you could hardly see at home even in her lungs manifestation.
St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague
Just outside the entrance gate, be prepared for what you crush, crush and grind into powder the grandeur of the space above by you and around you. And why be surprised – this is the House of God. Complicated imagine imagining what illiterate devout contemporaries felt Cathedral from the middle ages. Even if I own all the information of the world in one smartphone and online witness of the landing of the first rover, I felt sincere delight and looked at all this greatness with wide open eyes.
The eyes do not immediately distinguish all the lines and details, but even misunderstood you remain beautiful and fascinates the look. Vaults, arches, stained glass windows, busts of the founders of the temple, columns, tombs, decorative lattices and bas-reliefs, interlacing of styles and time – here what awaits you outside the gates of St. Vitus Cathedral.
Do not spare money for a full ticket “Prague Castle” and not expect that the inspection of the free zone will be enough for you inside the cathedral. Its interior was made by hand for six hundred years. Above generations of artists worked with paintings and mosaics, and there inside such a powerful energy that you will suffer when you see all this beauty is just the corner of my eye.
The organ, the most beautiful in Europe, is the chapel of the saints, decorated with gold and semiprecious stones, statues, royal regalia, tombstones of kings, bishops and martyrs, frescoes – in all this you Audio guides in Russian will help you not to get confused. And beautiful to complete a visit to St. Vitus Cathedral, I recommend a climb to the observation deck of the South Tower of the cathedral, about which just below.
Lookout in the South Tower
As they say in the network, the main part of the South Tower (about 58 meters below) is made in the Gothic style and most likely was built in first period of construction, before the outbreak of the Hussite Wars. Before the modern image of her already brought after 1770, in the period baroque. What affected the shape of its dome, which is not quite corresponds to the plan of the first architect.
The lower part of the tower is occupied by the Hazmbruk chapel with relics. Archbishop Zbynek Zayits (also known as Zbynek from Hazmbruk). To the top the tower is led by a spiral staircase, through tiers with bells and a small room with clockwork. The tower, I did not say, has two clock face on each side. One shows the clock, and the second – minutes
Immediately after the gears you get to the viewing platform with panoramic view of the lattice windows. Instead of describe to you the splendor of the city from a bird’s eye view – Look at the photo.
Presumably at the end of the 10th century, the rotunda was first laid St. Vitus. Well, it’s for us “first”, but then it was quite yourself finished architectural religious building. Rotunda It stood until the 11th century, when a three-nave appeared in its place basilica
Actually, the Cathedral of St. Vitus begins counting time in the year 1344. He was supposed to be official burial place of royal persons, their coronation and storage treasure The first architect was Mathieu Arrassky, who did not lived to the end of construction. The second was the young architect Peter Parler, the one that worked on the creation of Charles Bridge. After his death in 1399, the work was completed by the sons of Parléř.
But “finishing up” is too bold a word, for for the final the completion of the work took only six hundred years, and it happened in 1929. During this time, the building survived the Hussite war and a catastrophic shortage of funds. But in 1844 two the architect, two Joseph, Kranner and Motker, proposed a plan for the finishing touches and changes that have been accepted and financed.
Information to visit
Admission is free, but there is a time limit, and the historical part – only on the ticket “Prague Castle” A or B, then there are 350 or 250 crowns. The rise of the observation tower – for additional 150 CZK.
Time to visit the cathedral depends on the season. From November to March, he open from 9 am to 4 pm daily, and from April to October – from 9 am to 5 pm hours On Sunday, start work at 12 o’clock. Working hours observation tower according to seasons: from 10 to 17 or from 10 to 18 hours
If the weather is bad, then the tower may not be allowed. On the lookout the tower will be more interesting with binoculars or a telescope. Not come here on holidays, here and on weekdays very much tourists. On Sundays there is a service. Bells are ringing at noon. AT the height of summer is better to come with a supply of water – hot.
How to get there
On the metro to the station Malostranská and there is also a stop for trams 1, 2, 12, 15, 18, 20, 22, 23, 25, 41, 97. You can still get to tram 22, 23, 41 to the stop Pražský Hrad 22, 23, 41, it will be the northern side of Prague Castle and the road through the Royal Gardens. By bus 192 to the stop Malostranské náměstí – south side Prague Castle.
On the map
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